Daxing District

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"Daxing" redirects here. For the Sui Dynasty capital, see Chang'an.
Daxing
大兴区
District
Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology
Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology
Daxing District in Beijing
Daxing District in Beijing
Country People's Republic of China
Municipality Beijing
Township-level divisions 10 subdistricts
9 towns
District seat Xingfeng Subdistrict (兴丰街道)
Area
 • Total 1,012 km2 (391 sq mi)
Population (2000)
 • Total 671,444
 • Density 660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0010

Daxing District (simplified Chinese: 大兴区; traditional Chinese: 大興區; pinyin: Dàxīng Qū) is a district of Beijing, covering the southern suburbs of the city.

Overview[edit]

Daxing District was upgraded from a county to a district with the approval from the State Council on April 30, 2001.[citation needed] Covering an area of 1,012 square kilometres (391 sq mi) with a population of 671,444,[1] Panggezhuang in Daxing is famous for its watermelons.[citation needed]

Administrative divisions[edit]

There are 5 subdistricts, 14 towns with 5 towns of which carry the "area" (地区) label in the district, and one development area:[2][3]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[4] Area (km2)
Xingfeng Subdistrict 兴丰街道 Xìngfēng Jiēdào 57,478 9.66
Linxiao Road Subdistrict 林校路街道 Línxiàolù Jiēdào 50,917 12.65
Qingyuan Subdistrict 清源街道 Qīngyuán Jiēdào 102,402 5.58
Guanyinsi Subdistrict 观音寺街道 Guānyīnsì Jiēdào 73,061 16.40
Tiangongyuan Subdistrict 天宫院街道 Tiāngōngyuàn Jiēdào 22,433 33.30
Yizhuang Area 亦庄地区 Yìzhuāng Dìqū 55,318 39.63
Huangcun Area 黄村地区 Huángcūn Dìqū 168,444 35.00
Jiugong Area 旧宫地区 Jiùgōng Dìqū 193,585 29.73
Xihongmen Area 西红门地区 Xīhóngmén Dìqū 141,355 31.20
Yinghai Area 瀛海地区 Yínghǎi Dìqū 49,612 36.79
Qingyundian Town 青云店镇 Qīngyúndiàn Zhèn 69,157 70.00
Caiyu Town 采育镇 Cǎiyù Zhèn 34,073 71.6
Anding Town 安定镇 Āndìng Zhèn 29,963 78.00
Lixian Town 礼贤镇 Lǐxián Zhèn 33,347 92.06
Yufa Town 榆垡镇 Yúfá Zhèn 56,002 136.00
Panggezhuang Town 庞各庄镇 Pánggèzhuāng Zhèn 46,632 109.30
Beizangcun Town 北臧村镇 Běizāngcūn Zhèn 31,524 60.00
Weishanzhuang Town 魏善庄镇 Wèishànzhuāng Zhèn 43,712 81.5
Changziying Town 长子营镇 Zhǎngzǐyíng Zhèn 32,985 63.00
Beijing Economic and Technological Development Area 北京经济技术开发区 Běijīng Jīngjì Jìshù Kāifāqū 73,112 46.80

Culture[edit]

Located in the south of Beijing, the area is not as affluent as those that most visitors to Beijing are familiar with, such as Xidan and Guomao. Much of the industry in Daxing is related to distribution of food and consumer goods to service Beijing. There are many self-built communities casually created by the residents themselves, mostly of whom have moved in from the countryside.[citation needed]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Beijing Municipal Administration of Prisons operates the following correctional facilities in the district:

Economy[edit]

Xiabu Xiabu has its headquarters in Daxing District.[7]

Education[edit]

There are two major universities located in Daxing District, the Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology and the Beijing Institute of Graphic Communication. Both of them are headquartered in Tsingyuan, and have its branch in Kangzhuang. Tsingyuan and Kangzhuang are planned as a university city in the south of Beijing. The Yang Guang Qing School of Beijing is also located in the district.

Transportation[edit]

The Chinese government have voted that Daxing will be the location of the 2nd Beijing Airport.[8] The airport is expected to be completed by October 2017.[9]

Metro[edit]

Daxing is currently served by two metro lines operated by Beijing Subway:

References[edit]

Danxing's Camps by Andrew Malone. August 16, 2008.

  1. ^ 2000 Census.
  2. ^ These towns are officially classified as subdistricts, but as they coincide with the area of the same name, they are commonly named "areas" (地区)
  3. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:大兴区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-02-23. 
  4. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 
  5. ^ "监狱简介." Beijing Municipal Prison. Retrieved on 15 May 2015. "通信地址:北京市大兴区219信箱"
  6. ^ Home page. Beijing Women's Prison. Retrieved on May 15, 2015. "地址:北京市大兴区"
  7. ^ "呷哺呷哺餐饮管理有限公司招聘启事" (Archive). Beijing University of Agriculture. 2014-04-23. "我们的联系方式 呷哺呷哺(中国)总部地址:北京市大兴区黄村镇孙村工业开发区海鑫南路15号"
  8. ^ http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90778/6636914.html
  9. ^ http://english.eastday.com/e/110622/u1a5956247.html

Coordinates: 39°43′58″N 116°20′23″E / 39.73269°N 116.33981°E / 39.73269; 116.33981