Dayak Mualang

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Mualang people
Dayak Mualang
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Een groep Moealang Dajaks tijdens het bezoek van Gouverneur-Generaal J.P. Graaf van Limburg Stirum aan Borneo TMnr 60018485.jpg
A group of Mualang Dayaks during a visit to Governor-General J.P. Graaf of Limburg Stirum in Borneo, circa 1920.
Total population
44,400[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Indonesia (West Kalimantan)
Languages
Mualang language, Indonesian language
Religion
Kaharingan (predominantly), Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Iban people

Mualang (also Moealang or Dayak Mualang) are an indigenous people of West Kalimantan from the Dayak group and a sub-ethnic of the Iban people.[2] They speak the Mualang language and they are mostly concentrated in areas in the Sekadau Regency and Sintang Regency of West Kalimantan, Indonesia. The specific districts where the Mualang people live include:

  1. Belitang Hilir district, Sekadau
  2. Belitang district, Sekadau
  3. Belitang Hulu district, Sekadau
  4. Sepauk, Sintang and its surrounding region

Language[edit]

The language spoken by the Mualang people belongs to the Ibanic languages branch along with other Ibanic dialects such as Kantuk, Bugao, Desa, Seberuang, Ketungau and Sebaruk.[3] These dialects mainly differ from one another in their pronunciations of specific phonemes. For example, words that end with "i" can be pronounced as "e" or "y" where "kediri" becomes "kedire", "rari" becomes "rare", "inai" becomes "inay", and "pulai" becomes "pulay". These words still carry the same meaning eventhough they are pronounced differently. These dialects also have some lexical variation between them.

Culture[edit]

Traditional Folk Song[edit]

The Mualang Dayaks perform with musical instruments during the visit of Governor General Johan Paul van Limburg Stirum, circa 1920.
  • Meh Bujang[4]
  • De Kutak Katik[5]
  • Aboh Beramay[6]

Traditional Dance[edit]

Traditional dance being performed by a group of Mualang Dayak men during the visit of Governor General Johan Paul van Limburg Stirum, circa 1920.
  • Mualang Ngajad Kayau, a warrior dance[7]
  • Tari Pingan Mualang / Tari Pireng Mualang, found in Belitang Ilek, Belitang Tengah and Belitang Hulu
  • Tari Pedang Mualang / Ngajat Bebunoh, a war dance performed by men found throughout Belitang Ilek (Merbang and its surrounding) and Belitang Hulu (Sebetung and its surrounding)[8]
  • Ajat Temuai Datai, loosely translated as "Welcoming Guest" dance performed by couples and it is found in Belitang Ilek, Belitung Tengah, Belitung Hulu and its surrounding region[9]

Handicraft[edit]

  • Kumpang Ilong weaving in Belitang Hulu district[10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mualang in Indonesia". Joshua Project. Retrieved 2014-09-26.
  2. ^ Leo Suryadinata, Evi Nurvidya Arifin & Aris Ananta (2003). Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 981-230-212-3.
  3. ^ Johnny Tjia (2007). A Grammar of Mualang: An Ibanic Language of Western Kalimantan, Indonesia. LOT Publications. ISBN 978-90-78328-24-7.
  4. ^ "Lagu Dayak Kalimantan Barat ( Meh Bujang Dayak Mualang )". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-09-26.
  5. ^ "Lagu Dayak Kalimantan Barat ( Judul The Kutak Katik Bahasa Mualang )". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-09-26.
  6. ^ "Lagu Dayak Kalimantan Barat ( Aboh Beramay Bahasa Mualang )". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-09-26.
  7. ^ "Dayak Dance / Tari Dayak ( Mualang Ngajad Kayau ) Kalbar". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-09-26.
  8. ^ Benedict Sandin (1980). Iban Adat and Augury. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia for School of Comparative Social Sciences. OCLC 7699352.
  9. ^ Edi Sedyawati & Yulianti Parani (2008). Ensiklopedi Tari Indonesia. Proyek Inventarisasi dan Dokumentasi Kebudayaan Daerah, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. OCLC 13643248.
  10. ^ Sella Panduarsa Gareta (2015-05-19). Unggul Tri Ratomo (ed.). "Temukan Produk Unggulan Sumatera dan Kalimantan Di Pameran Ini". Antara News. Retrieved 2016-08-12.
  11. ^ Hermanto (2012-02-15). "Lestarikan Tenun Kumpang Ilong". Kalimantan-News. Retrieved 2016-08-12.