Dayananda Saraswati (Arsha Vidya)

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Dayananda Saraswati
Swami Dayananda Saraswati.jpg
Oil on canvas painting of Dayananda Saraswati, from the private collection of Arsha Vidya Gurukulam
Personal
Born
Natarajan Gopala Iyer

(1930-08-15)15 August 1930
Died23 September 2015(2015-09-23) (aged 85)
ReligionHinduism
NationalityIndian
Notable work(s)Bhagavad Gītā: Home Study Course, published in 9 volumes[1]
Founder ofArsha Vidya Gurukulam
AIM For Seva
Swami Dayananda Educational Trust
PhilosophyAdvaita Vedanta
Religious career
Literary worksŚrīmad Bhagavad Gītā[2]

Dayananda Saraswati (15 August 1930 – 23 September 2015) was a renunciate of the Hindu order of sannyasa, a renowned traditional teacher of Advaita Vedanta, and founder of the Arsha Vidya Gurukulam and AIM For Seva.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Dayananda Saraswati was born as Natarajan in Manjakudi – Thiruvarur district of Tamil Nadu on 15 August 1930 [3] to Shri. Gopala Iyer and Smt. Valambal. He was the eldest of four sons. His early schooling was done in the District Board School at Kodavasal.[4] His father's death when he was eight, meant Natarajan had to shoulder a significant portion of family responsibility along with his education. After the completion of his education, Natarajan came to Chennai (erstwhile Madras) for earning a livelihood. Natarajan worked as a journalist for the weekly magazine Dharmika Hindu (run by T. K. Jagannathacharya) and also for erstwhile Volkart Brothers (now Voltas Limited) for sometime. He also decided to be a fighter pilot at one point and joined the Indian Air Force, but left after six months as he felt suffocated by the regimentation there.[4][5] In his absence his younger brother MG. Srinivasan took charge of the agricultural fields of the family household and made sure that the family had the income to survive and live peacefully off the income.

Involvement with Chinmaya Mission[edit]

Vedānta is a major school of Hinduism that literally refers to the end section of the Vedas, in particular, the Upanishads. In 1952, he met Swami Chinmayananda in Madras.[5] Natarajan became interested in Vedanta after listening to his public talks in the year 1953. He became actively involved with the then newly formed Chinmaya Mission in various roles and he was made its Secretary within the first year of its inception. He attended the Sanskrit classes of P.S. Subramania Iyer, a retired Professor of English. He introduced the mode of chanting the Gita verses that is still followed in the Mission.[6][7][8]

Chinmayananda instructed Natarajan to set up Chinmaya Mission's Madurai branch, which he was able to fulfill. In 1955 Natarajan accompanied Chinmayananda to Uttarakashi and helped him in the preparation of a Gita manuscript for publication. In Uttarakashi, he met Chinmayananda's guru, Tapovan Maharaj, who advised him, 'You have a duty to yourself which is also important. Stay here. Do japa, meditate and study.' Natarajan could not take up that offer at that point in time. However, he promised Tapovan Maharaj that he would be able to come after one year and he did. Natarajan returned to Madras and took up the editorship of 'Tyagi,' a fortnightly magazine of Chinmaya Mission. Upon the advice of Chinmayananda, Natarajan shifted to Bengaluru (erstwhile Bangalore) in 1956 and continued to edit Tyagi which was also moved to Bengaluru (erstwhile Bangalore). During his stay there, Natarajan joined the Sanskrit College in Chamrajpet and had the privilege of studying one on one with Prof. Veeraraghavachariar.[4]

Oftentimes, before Chinmayananda gave public talks, Natarajan would open with discourses expounding messages from the Bhagavad Gita. Some of these talks have been transcribed and later published by the Chinmaya Mission.[9]

Sannyasa[edit]

In 1961, with the permission of Chinmayananda, Natarajan went to study under Pranavananda at Gudivada (near Vijayawada) to clarify many of his doubts on Vedanta and self-enquiry. The stay with Pranavananda helped Natarajan learn one thing clearly – that Vedanta is a pramana (means of knowledge) to know the truth of the Self. In Natarajan's own words,

I saw the Swami giving direct knowledge to the people he was teaching. This resolved all my conflicts. My problems with Vedanta had been my mistaken notion that it was a system.[4]

This critical shift in his vision about Vedanta impelled Natarajan to once again study the sāstra with Sankara's commentaries. On śivarātri day, March 4, 1962,[5] he was given Sanyasa by Chinmayananda and was given the name Dayananda Saraswati.[10][5] In 1963 he went to Mumbai, (erstwhile Bombay) to the newly inaugurated Sandeepany Sadhanalaya of Chinmaya Mission, where he undertook the responsibility of editing the magazine of the mission Tapovan Prasad. In addition, Dayananda taught chanting of the Bhagavad Gita and the Upanishads to the students of Sandeepany.

In November 1963 Dayananda undertook a study-pilgrimage to Rishikesh and stayed in a grass hut in Purani Jhadi now known as Dayananda Nagar. In 1964, when Vishwa Hindu Parishad was founded in Chinmayananda's ashram at Mumbai, he was responsible for drafting its constitution.[11]

Further involvement with, and split, from the Mission[edit]

Around 1967, due to the ill health of Chinmayananda, the Mission approached Dayananda to give public talks and lectures. Accordingly, between 1967 and 1970, Dayananda traveled to different towns and cities in India spreading the knowledge of Gita and the Upanishads.

In 1971, Dayananda agreed to conduct a long-term teaching program at Sandeepany Sadhanalaya, Powai, Mumbai and formulated a curriculum that would systematically unfold the vision of Vedanta. Between 1972 and 1979, Dayananda conducted two 2 1/2 - year residential Vedanta courses in Mumbai. In his words, 'At Sandeepany the teaching is traditional and rigorous. What would take a Sadhu in the Himalayas nine years to learn, the students at Sandeepany learned in two-and-half years.'[4][5]

At the request of students in the United States, in 1979 Swami Dayananda established and taught a three-year Vedanta course for the Chinmaya Mission at Sandeepany West in Piercy, California.[12]

In July 1982, Dayananda decided to leave Chinmaya Mission. He felt a strong incompatibility between his growing role in, essentially, management of a multinational spiritual organization, and his desires to live a simpler spiritual life as an itinerant monk. The split had been a long time in the making, having been a topic of discussion between Dayananda and Chinmayananda for some time.[13]

The timing of Dayananda's departure created problems for the Mission. He had just graduated nearly 60 Vedanta teachers from Sandeepany West two weeks before his departure, nearly all of whom left Chinmaya Mission to follow Dayananda once he left. Dayananda's departure, wrote a journalist in October 1983, Hinduism Today, "created a tidal wave of shock that washed across the international Chinmaya Mission shores, and has only recently weakened enough to not be an emotion-charged topic of the international Mission's monthly magazine's letters to the editor."[13] In an interview shortly after his departure, Dayananda did not comment on Chinmaya Mission but emphasized that he was "a simple teacher spreading the universal truths of Vedantic self-knowledge."[13]

Arsha Vidya Gurukulam[edit]

After leaving Chinmaya Mission in 1982, Dayananda returned to India. He continued to spread the message of Advaita Vedanta through public talks and lectures and formally established a centre of learning at Rishikesh called Arsha Vidya Pitham which is also called the Dayananda Ashram. He explained that “Arsha” means “from the rishis”, “vidya” means “knowledge” and “pitham”, “a centre of learning”. Further he explained that “arsha vidya, the knowledge that has come from the rishis, is not a mystic tradition. It is not a set of beliefs sustained by an organisation. The knowledge has survived without organisation and without hierarchical structure, through an unbroken line of teacher to student”. [14]

Responding to the request of students and disciples, Dayananda established the Arsha Vidya Gurukulam at Saylorsburg, Pennsylvania, USA in 1986 wherein a three-year residential course was completed in 1990.[15][14]

In 1990, he established another Arsha Vidya Gurukulam at Anaikatti, near Coimbatore, back in his home state of Tamil Nadu in India.[14]

Dayananda along with his students have taught ten long term Vedanta Courses (eight in India and two in the United States).[when?] More than 200 of his students from these programs are now teaching Vedanta, Sanskrit and Paninian grammar in India and around the world. [15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22]

In 2014, Gurukulam: One Without a Second, an avant-garde documentary featuring residents and teachers of the Arsha Vidya Gurukulam at Anaikatti in Tamil Nadu, India had a limited release.

Shishyas (students)[edit]

The most well-known student of Dayananda Saraswati is Narendra Modi, prime minister of India.[23][24] Other students include Anantanand Rambachan, a professor of religion at St. Olaf College, Minnesota (USA), and Vasudevacharya, previously Dr. Michael Comans, former faculty member in the Department of Indian Studies at the University of Sydney. A number of his shishyas (i.e., students) are from a Western background. Atma Chaitanya, otherwise known as Ira Schepetin, was the first of these.[25] Radha (Carol Whitfield, Ph.D.) an early student of Dayananda who was instrumental in establishing Sandeepany West and Arsha Vidya Gurukulam at Saylorsburg USA, has established Arsha Kulam in California, a centre dedicated to the traditional teaching of Advaita Vedanta.[26]

Other organizations[edit]

All India Movement for Seva[edit]

In 2000, All India Movement for Seva (AIM for Seva) an NGO focused on making education and healthcare available to children in rural areas of India.[27]

Acharya Sabha[edit]

In 2003,[28] Dayananda Saraswati brought various monks and matathipatis across India under one umbrella called Hindu Dharma Acharya Sabha,[29] otherwise known as HDAS or simply Acharya Sabha to represent sanatana dharma.[30] The Sabha is an conclave of sanyasins belonging to various sampradayas (i.e. traditions) and is composed of the major matha of India.[5] The Acarya Sabha was recognized as the first time Sanyasis were united under one organization.[31]

By its fourth congregation in 2010, the Sabha had as many as 100 Dharmacharyas from various traditions participating.[32] In the same year, Dayananda wrote a statement on the behalf of the Sabha openly condemning the caste system as a means of unfair discrimination against human beings based on birth.[33][34]

As of 2021, the Sabha remains active and continues to seek protections for Sanatana Dharma and places of worship.[35] Presently the chairman of Acharya Sabha is Swami Avdheshanand Giri Ji Maharaj, Acharya Mahamandleshwar of Juna Akhara[36]

Swami Dayananda Educational Trust[edit]

In 2003, Dayananda established the Swami Dayananda Educational Trust (SDET) in his hometown of Manjakkudi in Tiruvarur District, Tamil Nadu.[37] The trust runs the Swami Dayananda College of Arts & Science of Manjakkudi, established in 2001 and affiliated with Bharathidasan University.[38] The trust also manages two higher secondary schools and a Vedic pathasala.

In 2016, the Swami Dayananda Memorial Centre was inaugurated which houses his works and promotes study of his life and teachings.[39]

Interfaith dialogue[edit]

In 2007, Dayananda along with his Acarya Shaba invited Yona Metzger, rabbi and former Chief Rabbinate of Israel to Delhi. In 2008, they reconvened in Jerusalem.[29]

Litigation[edit]

In 2012,[40] Dayananda filed Writ Petition 476 challenging the Constitutional validity of various provisions of the Hindu Religious Endowments and Institutions Acts in the two states of Tamil Nadu[41] and Andhra Pradesh, and the city of Pondicherry. The case is continuously being deferred at the Supreme Court of India,[42] and an outcome remains to be seen as of 2019.

Dr. Subramanian Swamy was impleaded in the case for the Podu Dīkṣitars[43] of the Chidambaram Temple. When the matter was dismissed at the Madras High Court in 2009, Dr. Subramanian and the represented appealed to the final court. About 5 years later, on the 6th of January in 2014, the high court's ruling was overturned at the Supreme Court of India, which resulted in the release of government control over the affairs of the temple.[44]

Dr. Subramanian is also litigating the defense and protection of Ram Sethu at the behest of Dayananda, who on April 20, 2008 organized for the release of Subramanian’s book, Ram Setu: a Symbol of National Unity.[45] In 2020, the Supreme Court of India motioned to consider designating the so-called Adam's Bridge as a national heritage site.[46] In 2021, a former vice chancellor from Alagappa University motioned to the court that the Ram Sethu does not meet the requirements of an ancient monument under the law, and the top court has no power to declare it a national monument, on the basis of the claim that the Adam's Bridge is not a permanent structure, and that its geological features are subject to change.[47] However, in his original statement, Dayananda argued that the bridge is a natural formation, and as such it should be preserved as a natural monument.[48]

Publications[edit]

Bhagavad Gita[edit]

As a proponent of Advaita Vedanta, Dayananda wrote several books and essays on the topic of the Bhagavad Gita. The largest of these publications is the Bhagavad Gītā Home Study course,[49] in which the teaching of Bhagavad Gita is unfolded. His many talks on the Bhagavad Gita have been compiled into over 3,000 pages in its fourth edition, with the editorial assistance from his numerous Sanskrit scholars and students. A corresponding Bhagavad Gita Home Study program goes on year-round, with participation from groups in many countries such as Argentina, Australia, Brazil, India, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore and the United Kingdom.[50]

Dayananda also published Śrīmad Bhagavad Gītā in 2007,[2] a verse-by-verse translation of the Bhagavad Gita in Sanskrit and English. Self-described as a "ready reference,"[2] this translation was last updated in 2014 for its fourth edition and is under 300 pages.

A list of Swami Dayananda's works on the Bhagavad Gita follows.

  • Bhagavad Gita Home Study
  • Eight Significant Verses of Bhagavad Gītā[51]
  • Moments with Krishna (Essays: 7)
  • Śrīmad Bhagavad Gītā[2]
  • Talks on Meditation[52]
  • The Bhagavad Gita in Nineteen Talks[9]
  • The Teaching of the Bhagavad Gita[53][54]
  • The Value of Values[55]
  • Vision of Gita: Ten Essential Verses of Bhagavad Gita

Vedanta[edit]

A number of bhashya (i.e., commentaries) on the topic of Vedanta itself have been consolidated. Three of these have been designated as prakaraṇa (Sanskrit: प्रकरण or treatise) that expound on the tradition of Vedanta.[56]:

Dayananda has published translations of three upanishads in 2 volumes each:

The rest are as follows:

  • Brahmasūtram (Catussūtrī)[63]
  • Exploring Vedanta: An Inquiry Into the Significant Sentence (Śraddhā Bhakti Dhyāna Yogād Avaihi" and "Ātmānaṁ Cet Vijānīyāt)[64]
  • In the Vision of Vedanta: Talks by Swami Dayananda Saraswati
  • Introduction to Vedanta – Understanding The Fundamental Problem[65][66]
  • Mahāvākya Vichara
  • Sādhana & Sādhya: An Overview of Vedanta (Public Talks Book 7)[67]
  • Talks on Vivekachudamani (108 Selected Verses)[68]
  • Teaching Tradition of Advaita Vedanta[69]
  • Vedanta 24 x 7[70]

Music[edit]

Dayananda has published a number of original compositions as Compositions of Swami Dayananda in 2010.[71]

In 1980, Swami Dayananda wrote Bhosambho Sivasambho,[72] his most well known composition. More commonly known as Bho Shambo, this most renowned revati rāga to Shiva is used by people from many different traditions.[73]

Additionally, Salutations to Rudra was written by Sheela Balaji in 2008,[74] based on Swami Dayananda's expositions.[75]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bhagavad Gītā: Home Study Course. Arsha Vidya Research and Publication Trust. 2012. ISBN 9789380049304.
  2. ^ a b c d Dayananda Saraswati (April 2007). Śrīmad Bhagavad Gītā (in English and Sanskrit). Translated by Dayananda Saraswati. Arsha Vidya Research And Publication Trust. ISBN 978-81-903636-8-6. Wikidata Q108660034.
  3. ^ Dialogues with Swami Dayananda, Sri Gangadhareswar Trust, 1988
  4. ^ a b c d e Br. Ramaswamy (August 2009). "Swami Dayananda Saraswati: His Life and Work" (PDF). Arsha Vidya Newsletter. Arsha Vidya Gurukulam, Anaikatti, Coimbatore. pp. 13–16.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Glimpses of Swami Dayananda Saraswati's life. Arsha Adhyayan Kendra, Bhuj, Gujarat, INDIA. Video commemorating Swami Dayananda's 7 December 2008 visit to Bhuj on YouTube
  6. ^ "Gita Chanting by Swami Brahmananda". Youtube.com. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
  7. ^ "Gita Chanting by Swami Paramarthananda". Youtube.com. 23 December 2009. Archived from the original on 15 July 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
  8. ^ "Swami Sandeep Chaitanya's Gita Yagnam". Youtube.com. 20 December 2007. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
  9. ^ a b Swami Dayananda Saraswati (1979). "The Bhagavad Gita in Nineteen Talks". Central Chinmaya Mission Trust.
  10. ^ Avinashilingam, N. (January 2020). "Pujya Swami Dayananda Saraswati - A brief biography". Arsha Avinash Foundation. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  11. ^ Ramaseshan, Radhika (26 May 2015). "Parivar adieu for Modi guru". Telegraph.
  12. ^ Narasimhan, Padma (1990). Swami Dayananda Saraswati: Teacher of Teachers. ISBN 978-93-80049-88-5.
  13. ^ a b c "Swami Dayananda Renounces Chinmaya Mission West: Changes and Challenges Ahead". Hinduism Today. Vol. 5, no. 4. 31 October 1983. p. 2. ProQuest 220854666. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  14. ^ a b c Sheela Balaji (2011). Swami Dayananda Saraswati (Contributions & Writings). Chennai, India: Arsha Vidya Research and Publication Trust. ISBN 978-93-80049-46-5.
  15. ^ a b Dayananda Saraswati; Mala Mukherjee; Padma Narasimhan (1990). Swami Dayananda Saraswati: The traditional teacher of Brahma vidya. Chennai, India: T.T. Maps & Publications. ISBN 81-7053-103-9.
  16. ^ Saraswati, Dayananda (2010). Handbook of Arsha Vidya Sanyasi Disciples. Anaikatti, Coimbatore, India: Sruti Seva Trust.
  17. ^ "Arsha Vidya Teachers".
  18. ^ "Adhyatma Vidya Mandir".
  19. ^ "Vedanta Vidyarthi Sangha".
  20. ^ "Arsha Bodha Center".
  21. ^ "Arsha Vidya Center".
  22. ^ "Vidyamandir-Brazil".
  23. ^ "PM Narendra Modi's Spiritual Guru Swami Dayanand Dies at 87". NDTV. 24 September 2015.
  24. ^ Hebbar, Prajakta (24 September 2015). "PM Narendra Modi Says His Spiritual Guru Swami Dayanand Saraswati's Death Is A 'Personal Loss'". HuffPost.
  25. ^ "Yogi index". Yoga Vidya. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  26. ^ "Arsha Kulam". Archived from the original on 29 January 2007.
  27. ^ "All India Movement for Seva".
  28. ^ Short life sketch of Śrī Svāmī Dayānanda Sarasvatī (AVG). Event occurs at 386. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021.
  29. ^ a b Bender, Michael Mclean (30 March 2011). "The Hindu-Jewish relationship and the significance of dialogue" (PDF). doi:10.25148/etd.FI14050497. Retrieved 14 April 2021. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  30. ^ "Arsha Vidya Sampradaya - About Dayananda Saraswati". 2 January 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  31. ^ "About TED Speaker Dayananda Saraswati, Vedantic teacher". TED. 31 October 2008.
  32. ^ "Hindu Dharma Acharya Sabha in Hyd from Jan 9". The New Indian Express. 8 January 2010.
  33. ^ "Statement against Caste-based Discrimination: Swami Dayananda Saraswati". Hindu American Foundation. 17 December 2011.
  34. ^ Bansal, Alok (6 June 2019). "Opinion: Policy must deal not only with caste-based discrimination, but identity itself". The Indian Express.
  35. ^ "Seers emphasize protection of sanatana dharma". United News of India. 28 February 2021.
  36. ^ Negi, Manjee (10 November 2019). "NSA Ajit Doval meets Hindu, Muslim religious leaders post Ayodhya verdict on how to maintain peace". India Today. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  37. ^ "About The Swami Dayananda Educational Trust Organization".
  38. ^ "About the Swami Dayananda College of Arts and Science".
  39. ^ "Highlight of July-Sept 2018 issue: Pujya Swamiji's Murti unveiled" (PDF). Outreach, AIM For Seva. 2018. p. 4.
  40. ^ Deepak, Sai (5 February 2016). "Can Governments 'take over' Administration of Hindu Religious Institutions? – VI".
  41. ^ "The Tamil Nadu Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Act, 1959" (PDF). 1959.
  42. ^ "Sh.Dayananda Saraswati Swamiji vs The State Of Tamil Nadu". 12 January 2018.
  43. ^ Ramesh, TR (31 July 2011). "Chidambaram Temple & the Podu Dikshitars".
  44. ^ Bhaskar, RN (12 September 2018). "Courting god: The Supreme Court attempts to rescue India's temples". Firstpost.
  45. ^ Christophe Jaffrelot (31 December 2008). "Hindu Nationalism and the (Not So Easy) Art of Being Outraged: The Ram Setu Controversy". South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal (2). doi:10.4000/samaj.1372.
  46. ^ Pandya, Jay (23 January 2020). "SC to consider Swamy's plea for giving Ram Sethu national heritage status after 3 months". The Hindu.
  47. ^ "Ram Setu not an ancient monument, former V-C tells SC". The Hindu. 11 February 2021.
  48. ^ Rath, Deepak Kumar (4 May 2008). "Swamy's book on Ram Sethu released". The Organizer. {{cite magazine}}: Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  49. ^ "Bhagavad Gita Home Study - Arsha Vidya Center". arshavidyacenter.org. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  50. ^ "Bhagavad Gita Home Study Groups". arshavidya.org. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  51. ^ "Eight Significant Verses of the Bhagavad Gītā" (PDF). 16th Anniversary Souvenir. Arsha Vidya Gurukulam. 2002.
  52. ^ Talks on meditation. Pondicherry: Arsha Vidya Bhavan. 2002. LCCN 2004329040. OCLC 56096414.
  53. ^ Dayananda Saraswati (1989). The teaching of the Bhagavad Gita. Vision Books. ISBN 9788170943952.
  54. ^ The Teaching of the Bhagavad Gita - Vision Books
  55. ^ Dayananda Saraswati (1993). The Value of Values. Arsha Vidya Gurukalam. ISBN 9781882325023.
  56. ^ "Arsha Vidya Research and Publication Trust by Subject: prakaraṇa series".
  57. ^ Swami Dayananda Saraswati (2012). Tattvabodhaḥ. Arsha Vidya Research and Publication Trust. ISBN 9789380049434. LCCN 2012336303. OCLC 808316510.
  58. ^ Swami Dayananda Saraswati (2015). Sādhana-pañcakam. Arsha Vidya Research and Publication Trust. ISBN 9789380049847. OCLC 957723569.
  59. ^ Swami Dayananda Saraswati. Vivekachudamani. ISBN 978-93-80049-93-9.
  60. ^ Swami Dayananda Saraswati (1998). Tadatmananda (ed.). Kenopaniṣad. Arsha Vidya Research and Publication Trust. ISBN 978-81-906059-2-2.
  61. ^ Dayananda Saraswati (2006). Sakshatkrtananda Saraswati (ed.). Mundakopaniṣad. ISBN 978-81-903636-3-1.
  62. ^ Dayananda Saraswati (2006). Sakshatkrtananda Saraswati (ed.). Taittirīya Upaniṣad. ISBN 9789380049854.
  63. ^ Dayananda Saraswati (2016). Brahmasūtram (Catussūtrī). ISBN 9789380049878.
  64. ^ Swami Dayananda Saraswati (2007). Exploring Vedanta. Arsha Vidya Centre. ISBN 9788190363648.
  65. ^ Introduction to Vedanta: understanding the fundamental problem. Vision Books. 1999. ISBN 9788170940371.
  66. ^ Vision Books - Introduction to Vedanta
  67. ^ Swami Dayananda Saraswati (2014). Sādhana & Sādhya. Arsha Vidya Research and Publication Trust. ISBN 9789380049762. OCLC 957767020.
  68. ^ Talks on Vivekachudamani. Sri Gangadhareswar Trust. 1997. ISBN 9780558978532.
  69. ^ Swami Dayananda Saraswati (2009). Teaching Tradition of Advaita Vedanta. Arsha Vidya Research and Publication Trust. ISBN 9788190605946.
  70. ^ Swami Dayananda Saraswati (2007). Vedanta 24 x 7. Arsha Vidya Research and Publication Trust. ISBN 9788190420365.
  71. ^ Swami Dayananda Saraswati (2010). Compositions of Swami Dayananda. Arsha Vidya Research and Publication Trust. ISBN 9789380049182. OCLC 701283958.
  72. ^ "Bhajans of Swami Dayananda Saraswati". i.ebayimg.com. Oriental Records. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  73. ^ "AVRPT - Pujya Swamiji's Compositions". avrpt.com. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  74. ^ Balaji, Sheela (2008). Salutations to Rudra. ISBN 9789380049823.
  75. ^ "Arsha Vidya Newsletter" (PDF). June 2009.

External links[edit]