Dayang Kalangitan

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Kalangitan
Dayang of Tondo and Namayan
Reign 1450–ca. 1515
Predecessor Rajah Lontok
Successor Rajah Sulaiman I
Spouse Rajah Lontok
Issue

Dayang Panginoan
Dayang Lahat
Rajah Sulaiman I

Gat Kahiya
House Kingdom of Tondo and Namayan
Father Rajah Gambang

Dayang Kalangitan (r. 1450–ca. 1515) is the only recorded Dayang or queen regnant of the pre-Hispanic Philippine kingdoms of Tondo and Namayan. The eldest daughter of Rajah Gambang and co-regent with her husband, Rajah Lontok, she is considered one of the most powerful rulers in the kingdom's history. She is also notably the last Buddhist ruler of the kingdom, which encompassed land along the banks of the Pasig River in Metro Manila.[1]

Life[edit]

Dayang Kalangitan was the daughter of Rajah Gambang, who was then sovereign of Tondo. Since her father died without leaving a male heir, she was appointed queen regnant. Kaylangitan married to Gat Lontok, (later Rajah Lontok) of Tondo. Believing herself capable of ruling, she proved to be a strong ruler. Together with her husband, Kalangitan established a small kingdom upstream to the east of Tondo around the Bitukang Manók (today the polluted Parian Creek in Pasig City).

Sometime around 1450, she became sole ruler of both Tondo and her own realm in Bitukang Manók'. In order to maintain power and influence as queen, Kalangitan assented to the marriage of one of her daughters, Dayang Panginoan, to Prince Balagtas, the son of Empress Sasaban of Namayan.

Dayang Kalangitan's son Salalila succeeded her as monarch of Tondo; after converting to Islam, he adopted his more famous name, Sulaiman.[1]

Issue[edit]

Dayang Kalangitan had four children:[2]

  • Dayang Panginoan, married Gat Balagtas of Sapa (now Sta. Ana, Manila);
  • Dayang Lahat, married Gat Timog;
  • Raha Salalila, later Rajah Sulaiman I, King of Maynila;
  • Gat Kahiya

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Odal-Devora, Grace (2000). Alejandro, Reynaldo Gamboa; Yuson, Alfred A., eds. The River Dwellers. Pasig : The River of Life. Unilever Philippines. pp. pp. 43–66. 
  2. ^ "Timeline / Pre-Colonial". City of Pasig. Retrieved 8 May 2017. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Rajah Lontok
Dayang of Tondo and Namayan
1450–1515
Succeeded by
Rajah Sulaiman I