Dayr Abu Salama
Dayr Abu Salama
دير أبو سلمه
Watchtower and amphitheater in Ben Shemen forest, constructed out of stones from Dayr Abu Salama houses
|Etymology: the monastery of Abu Selâmeh|
|Geopolitical entity||Mandatory Palestine|
|Date of depopulation||July 13, 1948|
|• Total||1,195 dunams (1.195 km2 or 295 acres)|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Military assault by Yishuv forces|
Dayr Abu Salama was a small Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict, located 8 km northeast of Ramla. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War on July 13, 1948 in the first phase of Operation Dani.
British Mandate era
In the 1945 statistics, it had a population of 60 Muslims with 1,195 dunams of land. Of this, 41 dunams were either irrigated or used for orchards, 695 used for cereals, while 459 dunams were classified as non-cultivable areas.
A shrine for a local sage known as al-Shaykh Abu Salama is also located in the village.
In 1992 the village site was described: "The site has been converted into an Israeli picnic area and is surrounded by stands of pine and cypress trees. Workers for the Jewish National Fund have used stones retrieved from the destroyed village houses to construct a watchtower and an amphitheater on the village site. The area in front of the amphitheater has been leveled and is covered by a green lawn. Old fig and olive trees still grow there; cactuses and carob trees grow on the western and northern edges of the site."
- Palmer, 1881, p. 228
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 29
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 66
- Morris, 2004, p. xix village #228. Also gives cause of depopulation.
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 310
- Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 22
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 114
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 164
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 374
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 375
- Barron, J.B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H.H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Khalidi, W. (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Morris, B. (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Palmer, E.H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.