Maqam of Sheikh 'Usheish
|Name meaning||"monastery of the cattle drover"|
|Also spelled||Deir Nakhkhas, Deir Nakh-khas, Deir Nakhas|
|Date of depopulation||October 29, 1948|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Military assault by Yishuv forces|
Dayr Nakkhas was situated on the road to Hebron about two miles east of Bayt Jibrin. Perched on a hill, an open corn valley lay below the village. Located in an area rich in archaeological sites, in the land area that belonged to the village, there were some 15 sites, including the village itself (which was built on an earlier ancient site).
In a 1596 census for the Ottoman Empire, it is recorded that Dayr Nakhkhas was part of nahiya (subdistrict) of Halil [i.e. al-Khalil, or Hebron], under the liwa' (district) of Jerusalem, with a population of 72. The inhabitants paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, olives, as well as on goats and beehives.
In The Survey of Western Palestine the name of the village is transcribed, "Deir Nakhkhâs", and translated as, "the monastery of the cattle drover.
In 1883, it is described as; "A very small village perched on a high, steep hill, looking down on the valley to the north. "This is possibly Ir-Nahash (i Chronicles iv. 12)." It is also said to contain, "A ruined birkeh and a cave with 250 niches."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Al-Qubaiba had a population of 336 inhabitants, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 451, still all Muslim, in a total of 86 inhabited houses.
By 1945, the population was recorded at 600 Muslims. In the 1944/45 growing season, a total of 4,887 dunums of village land was planted in cereals; 362 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.
1948, and aftermath
Following the war the area was incorporated into the State of Israel. The land that had belonged to Dayr Nakhkhas was left undeveloped; the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi described the village land in 1992: "Nothing remains of the village except a few deserted houses and the rubble of others. One deserted house is made of concrete and has rectangular windows and a flat roof. It is marked with Arabis graffiti and stands in the midst of tall wild grasses and weeds. There is a fenced-in cave. The surrounding land is cultivated by Israeli farmers."
- Palmer, 1881, p. 367
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 23
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 50. Also gives land area in dunams.
- Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #325. Also gives cause of depopulation.
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 217.
- Alexander and Kitto, 1864, p. 407.
- Conder, 2002,p. 149.
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 123. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 217
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 258
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 275
- Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Hebron, p. 10
- Mills, 1932, p. 28
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 93
- William Lindsay Alexander, John Kitto (eds.). A cyclopædia of biblical literature (3rd ed.). 1864.
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1883). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 3. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Conder, C. R. (Claude Reignier) (1878). Tent work in Palestine. A record of discovery and adventure Vol. 1. Internet.archive (from Harvard collection).
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.