Dayr Rafat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dayr Rafat
Arabic دير رفات
Name meaning from personal name[1]
Subdistrict Jerusalem
Palestine grid 146/131
Population 430[2][3] (1945)
Date of depopulation July 18, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Givat Shemesh[5]

Dayr Rafat was a Palestinian Arab village in the Jerusalem Subdistrict. It was located 26 km west of Jerusalem. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War by the Harel Brigade.

History[edit]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Dayr Rafat as a small hamlet situated on a ridge with a spring to the west.[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1931 census, there were 218 people living in Dayr Rafat.

In 1945 the village had a population of 430 inhabitants; 330 Muslims and 100 Christians.[2] with a total of 13,242 dunums of land.[3] Of this, 216 dunams were for irrigable land or plantations, 10,563 for cereals,[7] while 10 dunams were built-up land.[8]

The village had a mosque named for al-Hajj Hasan and three khirbas.[5]

1948 Arab–Israeli War[edit]

Dayr Rafat, along with four other villages, were overtaken by the Israeli Harel Brigade on 17–18 July 1948 in Operation Dani. The villages had been on the front line since April 1948 and most of the inhabitants of these villages had already left the area. Many of those who stayed fled when Israeli forces attacked and the few who remained at each village were expelled.[9] Over the next three months the Israeli army carried out a program of blowing up and demolishing abandoned villages in the area, this included Dayr Rafat.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 324
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 24
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 57
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xx, village #333. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  5. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p. 287
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 13, Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 287
  7. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 102
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 152
  9. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 436

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]