Dayr al-Hawa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dayr al-Hawa
Dayr al-Hawa is located in Mandatory Palestine
Dayr al-Hawa
Dayr al-Hawa
Name meaning The Monastery of the Wind[1]
Subdistrict Jerusalem
Coordinates 31°45′05″N 35°02′14″E / 31.75139°N 35.03722°E / 31.75139; 35.03722Coordinates: 31°45′05″N 35°02′14″E / 31.75139°N 35.03722°E / 31.75139; 35.03722
Palestine grid 153/128
Population 60[2] (1945)
Area 5,907 dunams
Date of depopulation October 19–20, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Nes Harim

Dayr al-Hawa (Arabic: دير الهوا‎‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Jerusalem Subdistrict. Victor Guérin, visiting the village in the 19th century, wrote that Dayr al-Hawa "probably owes its name, monastery of the wind, to its high position," as it was situated on a steep mountain overlooking the Soreq valley, rising some 2,275 feet (700 meters) above sea level.[4] The village was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War on October 19, 1948 by the Fourth Battalion of the Har'el Brigade of Operation ha-Har. It was located 18.5 km west of Jerusalem. During the 1948 it was defended by the local militia and the Egyptian Army/Muslim Brotherhood Battalion.

In 1945, the village had a population of 60. A mosque was located in the western part of the village and there was a shrine for a local sage known as al-Shaykh Sulayman. Near the ruins of the old village now stands the Israeli moshav, Nes Harim.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p.293
  2. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 285
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xx, village #339. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  4. ^ Victor Guerin, Description Géographique, Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (Judaea. Third Volume), Paris 1869, p. 321
  5. ^ Zvi Dror, Har'el: Palmach brigade in Jerusalem, Ha-kibbutz ha-meuchad 2005, p. 269 (Hebrew)

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]