Dayr al-Hawa

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Dayr al-Hawa
Dayr al-Hawa is located in Mandatory Palestine
Dayr al-Hawa
Dayr al-Hawa
Arabic دير الهوا
Name meaning The Monastery of the Wind[1]
Subdistrict Jerusalem
Coordinates 31°45′05″N 35°02′14″E / 31.75139°N 35.03722°E / 31.75139; 35.03722Coordinates: 31°45′05″N 35°02′14″E / 31.75139°N 35.03722°E / 31.75139; 35.03722
Palestine grid 153/128
Population 60[2][3][4] (1945)
Area 5,907 dunams
Date of depopulation October 19–20, 1948[5]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Nes Harim[6]

Dayr al-Hawa (Arabic: دير الهوا‎‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Jerusalem Subdistrict. The village was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War on October 19, 1948 by the Fourth Battalion of the Har'el Brigade of Operation ha-Har. It was located 18.5 km west of Jerusalem.

History[edit]

Coins and ceramics from the Byzantine era have been found here. [7]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1838, Edward Robinson called it a "lofty" village, on the brink of a valley, [8] Victor Guérin, visiting the village in 1863, wrote that Dayr al-Hawa "probably owes its name, monastery of the wind, to its high position," as it was situated on a steep mountain overlooking the Soreq valley, rising some 2,275 feet (700 meters) above sea level.[9]

An Ottoman village list from around 1870 showed that “Der el-Hawa” had 32 houses and a population of 103, though the population count included men, only.[10]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as "a village standing high, on a knoll rising from a high ridge, with a deep valley to the north. It has several high houses in it. On the west is a good spring. The ground is covered with brushwood all round the place."[11]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted i by the British Mandate authorities, Bayt 'Itab had a population of 38 residents; all Muslims,[12] increasing in the 1931 census to 47 inhabitants, in 11 houses.[13]

In 1945 the village had a population of 60 Muslims,[3] with a total of 5,907 dunums of land.[4] Of this, 58 dunams were for irrigable land or plantations, 1,565 for cereals,[14] while 4 dunams were built-up land.[15]

A mosque was located in the western part of the village and there was a shrine for a local sage known as al-Shaykh Sulayman. Near the ruins of the old village now stands the Israeli moshav, Nes Harim,[16] however, it is not on village land. (It is on the land of Bayt 'Itab.)[6]

During the 1948 it was defended by the local militia and the Egyptian Army/Muslim Brotherhood Battalion.

Dayr el-Hawa 1948

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p.293
  2. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 285
  3. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 24
  4. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 56
  5. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xx, village #339. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  6. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 286
  7. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 908
  8. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 2, pp. 326, 340, 342
  9. ^ Guerin, 1869, p. 321
  10. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 152
  11. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, p. 24
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 21
  13. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 19
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 102
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 152
  16. ^ Zvi Dror, Har'el: Palmach brigade in Jerusalem, Ha-kibbutz ha-meuchad 2005, p. 269 (Hebrew)

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]