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Dayton, Texas

Coordinates: 30°03′23″N 94°53′44″W / 30.05639°N 94.89556°W / 30.05639; -94.89556
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

City of Dayton
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 30°03′23″N 94°53′44″W / 30.05639°N 94.89556°W / 30.05639; -94.89556
CountryUnited States
Founded1831 as West Liberty
IncorporatedMay 3, 1911 - Aug 29, 1911; Nov 28, 1925
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • MayorCaroline Wadzeck
 • City managerDavid Willard (Interim)
 • Total30.70 sq mi (79.51 km2)
 • Land30.66 sq mi (79.41 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
73 ft (22.3 m)
 • Total8,777
 • Density273.60/sq mi (105.64/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code936
FIPS code48-19432[3]
GNIS feature ID1334116[4]

Dayton is a city in Liberty County, Texas, United States. The population was 8,777 at the 2020 census.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.70 square miles (79.5 km2), of which all but 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is land.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[6] --1870 as West Liberty
Dayton racial composition as of 2020[7]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 5,029 57.3%
Black or African American (NH) 1,314 14.97%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 30 0.34%
Asian (NH) 133 1.52%
Pacific Islander (NH) 2 0.02%
Some Other Race (NH) 32 0.36%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 385 4.39%
Hispanic or Latino 1,852 21.1%
Total 8,777

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,777 people, 2,892 households, and 2,115 families residing in the city.

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 5,709 people, 2,129 households, and 1,517 families residing in the city. The population density was 517.1 inhabitants per square mile (199.7/km2). There were 2,371 housing units at an average density of 214.8 per square mile (82.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 71.08% White, 19.69% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 6.67% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.53% of the population.

There were 2,129 households, out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 30.0% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $52,179, and the median income for a family was $47,250. Males had a median income of $39,075 versus $21,068 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,123. About 16.3% of families and 21.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.6% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.


Dayton was historically also called West Liberty, Day's Town, Days Station, and Dayton Station. It was founded in 1831 as West Liberty, situated three miles west of the Trinity River, with Liberty on the east bank. It had a West Liberty post office from 1839–1841 and a Dayton post office, starting in 1877. Dayton was originally a part of the City of Liberty, but voters petitioned and voted to separate from the City of Liberty in 1898. Dayton incorporated in May 1911. A fire that devoured the center of town in late August 1911 was followed a few days later by a vote to disincorporate.[9][10] Dayton voted to reincorporated on November 28, 1925.[5][11]


Notable people[edit]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Dayton District Parole Office in Dayton.[13] In addition, the TDCJ operates some correctional facilities near the City limits of Dayton. The L.V. Hightower Unit prison and the Dempsie Henley Unit and Lucille G. Plane Unit prisons are 4 miles (6.4 km) north of the downtown area of Dayton.[14][15][16]

The United States Postal Service operates the Dayton Post Office.[17]

The District 18 seat in the Texas House of Representatives is currently held by republican Ernest Bailes.[18]

The city of Dayton operates under a typical council–manager government with five elected members, and a mayor elected at-large. All six are non-partisan and unpaid, elected for two and three year terms, staggered so three positions are up for election each year. The current mayor is Martin Mudd elected in 2023. His current term will expire in 2026. Executive power is vested in the council-appointed city manager, currently City Manager Kimberly Judge. City Administration also includes a Deputy City Manager Derek Woods.[19]

The Dayton Economic Development Corporation (DEDC), a type B Economic Development entity, provides economic development and community development services to the greater Dayton, Texas region. DEDC has invested over $3 Million in the local business community since its creation in 1996.



The major route passing through Dayton is U.S. Highway 90, traveling west towards Crosby and Houston and east into East Texas to Beaumont and onward to Louisiana.

SH 321 connects Dayton to Cleveland. Within the city of Dayton, SH 321 is referred to as North Cleveland Street, passing through residential Dayton as a four-lane urban highway, before narrowing back down to a two-lane rural State Highway going north to Cleveland.[20]

SH 146 provides Dayton with a connection to Baytown.[21]

FM 1960 connects Dayton to the northern reaches of Houston as well as Humble and Huffman.[22] FM 1409 connects Dayton to Old River-Winfree.[23]

Texas State Highway 99 loop toll road intersects with US 90 and connects Dayton with other outer areas of Greater Houston.


Dayton is the meeting point of two rail lines. One is a north/south Union Pacific (UP) line that comes out of the UP Baytown Subdivision. The other is the east/west UP Lafayette Subdivision line that roughly follows US 90. The BNSF has authority to operate its trains on the Baytown Subdivision from Dayton to just west of Baytown and has a rail yard just south of Dayton. Another rail line runs through the northern edge of the city, called the UP Beaumont Subdivision. A study was performed by the Texas Department of Transportation concerning a Dayton-to-Cleveland single mainline rail corridor consisting of approximately 40 miles of track connecting the UP Lufkin Subdivision and the BNSF Conroe Subdivision near Cleveland to the UPRR Baytown Subdivision south of Dayton.[24]


The city of Dayton is served by the Dayton Independent School District.

Dayton ISD students are zoned to Lee College.[25]

The community is served by the Jones Public Library. The Jones Library Board is an advisory board appointed by the Dayton City Council.[26]


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Dayton has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[27]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ "US Census Bureau Population Finder: Baytown city, TX". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2007.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ a b Epperson, Jean L. "Dayton, TX". Handbook of Texas. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  8. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  9. ^ "Dayton Has a Fire". The Liberty Vindicator. August 25, 1911. p. 2.
  10. ^ "Dayton Corporation Abolished". The Liberty Vindicator. September 1, 1911. p. 2.
  11. ^ "Our History". Dayton Texas. City of Dayton. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  12. ^ a b "Texas Giant: The Life of Price Daniel", by Dan Murph ISBN 978-1-57168-571-1
  13. ^ "Parole Division Region III Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  14. ^ "Hightower Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  15. ^ "Henley Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  16. ^ "Plane Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  17. ^ "Post Office Location - DAYTON Archived 2012-06-09 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 16, 2010.
  18. ^ "Elected Officials Districts: Texas House District 18". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  19. ^ "Government". Dayton Texas. City of Dayton, TX. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  20. ^ "STATE HIGHWAY NO. 321". Highway Designation File. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  21. ^ "STATE HIGHWAY NO. 146". Highway Designation File. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  22. ^ "FARM TO MARKET ROAD NO. 1960". Highway Designation File. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  23. ^ "FARM TO MARKET ROAD NO. 1409". Highway Designation File. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  24. ^ "Houston-Beaumont Region Freight Study" (PDF). Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 27, 2023.
  25. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.186. LEE COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA.
  26. ^ "Jones Public Library Board". Jones Public Library. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  27. ^ Climate Summary for Dayton, Texas
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[8]

External links[edit]