Location of Dazaifu in Fukuoka Prefecture
|• Mayor||Yoshirō Satō|
|• Total||29.58 km2 (11.42 sq mi)|
|Population (May 31, 2011)|
|• Density||2,386.31/km2 (6,180.5/sq mi)|
|• Flower||Ume blossom|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|City Hall Address||1-1-1 Kanzeon-ji, Dazaifu-shi, Fukuoka-ken
Dazaifu (太宰府市 Dazaifu-shi?) is a city located in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Nearby cities include Ōnojō and Chikushino. Although mostly mountainous, it does have arable land used for paddy fields and market gardening.
The city was officially founded on April 1, 1982, although it has been important historically for more than a thousand years.[when?]
Dazaifu was the imperial office governing Kyūshū (corresponding to Tagajō in Tōhoku) after it was moved from present-day Fukuoka City in 663. According to the Taiho Code of 701, an attempt by the Yamato state to exert further control over its territories, Dazaifu was given two principal administrative functions - to supervise the affairs of Tsukushi (present-day Kyushu), and to receive foreign emissaries. Dazaifu hosted foreign embassies from China and Korea. Kōrokan, a guesthouse for foreign embassies, was also established. The Korokan featured in contemporary literature, such as the Man'yōshū, as a place of departure for ocean voyages. From the Nara period through the Heian period and until the Kamakura period, Dazaifu was one of the military and administrative centers of Japan. In the Heian period, Dazaifu was a place of exile for high-ranking courtiers. Nobles exiled there include Sugawara no Michizane His grave is at Dazaifu Tenman-gū.
Dazaifu was sometimes attacked by rebels. At other times the head of Dazaifu himself raised a rebellion.[chronology citation needed] In 739 the powerful nobleman Fujiwara Hirotsugu was appointed to Dazaifu. He soon organised a rebellion, raising 15,000 men. After three months, the uprising was suppressed by 17,000 court troops. In 939 another nobleman, Fujiwara Sumitomo, rebelled against the court. Allying himself with pirates, in 941 he landed in Kyushu. Then he defeated the troops guarding Dazaifu and burned the state buildings. Due to this and other developments, Dazaifu never regained its earlier prestige.
The coldest temperature ever recorded in this city is -5.6 degrees Celsius on January 25, 2016.
The Kyushu National Museum opened on October 16, 2005. A wood and glass building in a hilly landscape, it hosts collections of Japanese artifacts related to the history of Kyūshū.
Kōmyōzen-ji is a Zen temple famous for its stone garden. It was built during the Kamakura period just next to Dazaifu Tenman-gū. All three are within walking distance of Nishitetsu Dazaifu Station. Another temple, Kanzeon-ji, was built in the 8th century. It was once the chief Buddhist temple on Kyūshū and houses a number of historical, artistic, and religious treasures.
The ruins of the medieval Dazaifu Administrative Buildings, also located within walking distance of Dazaifu Station, are today a public park.
There are several universities in the city:
- Chikushi Jogakuen University
- Fukuoka International University
- Fukuoka University of Economics
- Fukuoka Social Medical Welfare University
Area primary and junior high schools are administered by the Dazaifu Board of Education.
- Dazaifu Minami Elementary School
- Dazaifu Higashi Elementary School
- Dazaifu Nishi Elementary School
- Dazaifu Elementary School
- Mizuki Nishi Elementary School
- Mizuki Elementary School
- Kokubu Elementary School
- Gakugyouin Junior High School
- Dazaifu Higashi Junior High School
- Dazaifu Nishi Junior High School
- Dazaifu Junior High School
The prefecture operates senior high schools
- Chikushidai High School
- Fukuoka Prefectural Dazaifu High School
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Dazaifu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 150, p. 150, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Sugawara no Michizane" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 908, p. 908, at Google Books.
- Cobbing, Andrew 2009, Kyushu: Gateway to Japan, p. 83
- Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan, 1334-1615. Stanford University Press. p. 45. ISBN 0804705259.
- Kanzeon-ji, explanatory plaques on site.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
Media related to Dazaifu, Fukuoka at Wikimedia Commons
- Dazaifu City official website (Japanese)
- Dazaifu page of official Fukuoka Prefecture Tourism Association website
- Kyushu National Museum official web site