Location of Dazaifu in Fukuoka Prefecture
|• Mayor||Yoshirō Satō|
|• Total||29.58 km2 (11.42 sq mi)|
|Population (May 31, 2011)|
|• Density||2,386.31/km2 (6,180.5/sq mi)|
|• Flower||Ume blossom|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (JST)|
|City hall address||1-1-1 Kanzeon-ji, Dazaifu-shi, Fukuoka-ken|
Dazaifu (太宰府市 Dazaifu-shi) is a city located in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Nearby cities include Ōnojō and Chikushino. Although mostly mountainous, it does have arable land used for paddy fields and market gardening.
The city was officially founded on April 1, 1982, although it has been important historically for more than a thousand years. It was a administrative capital of Fukuoka at around 663 CE.
According to the Taiho Code of 701, an attempt by the Yamato state to exert further control over its territories, Dazaifu was given two principal administrative functions: to supervise the affairs of Tsukushi (present-day Kyushu) and to receive foreign emissaries. Dazaifu hosted foreign embassies from China and Korea. Kōrokan, a guesthouse for foreign embassies, was also established. The Korokan featured in contemporary literature, such as the Man'yōshū, as a place of departure for ocean voyages. From the Nara period through the Heian period and until the Kamakura period, Dazaifu was one of the military and administrative centers of Japan.
Government records indicate that the disastrous Japanese smallpox epidemic that took place from 735 to 737 first took hold in Dazaifu.
Dazaifu was sometimes attacked by rebels. At other times the head of Dazaifu himself raised a rebellion.[chronology citation needed] In 739 the powerful nobleman Fujiwara Hirotsugu was appointed to Dazaifu. He soon organised a rebellion, raising 15,000 men. After three months, the uprising was suppressed by 17,000 court troops. In 939 another nobleman, Fujiwara Sumitomo, rebelled against the court. Allying himself with pirates, in 941 he landed in Kyushu. Then he defeated the troops guarding Dazaifu and burned the state buildings. Due to this and other developments, Dazaifu never regained its earlier prestige.
The Kyushu National Museum opened on October 16, 2005. A wood and glass building in a hilly landscape, it hosts collections of Japanese artifacts related to the history of Kyūshū.
Kōmyōzen-ji is a Zen temple famous for its stone garden. It was built during the Kamakura period just next to Dazaifu Tenman-gū. All three are within walking distance of Nishitetsu Dazaifu Station. Another temple, Kanzeon-ji, was built in the 8th century. It was once the chief Buddhist temple on Kyūshū and houses a number of historical, artistic, and religious treasures.
The ruins of the medieval Dazaifu Administrative Buildings, also located within walking distance of Dazaifu Station, are today a public park.
There are several universities in the city:
- Chikushi Jogakuen University
- Fukuoka International University
- Fukuoka University of Economics
- Fukuoka Social Medical Welfare University
Area primary and junior high schools are administered by the Dazaifu Board of Education.
- Dazaifu Minami Elementary School
- Dazaifu Higashi Elementary School
- Dazaifu Nishi Elementary School
- Dazaifu Elementary School
- Mizuki Nishi Elementary School
- Mizuki Elementary School
- Kokubu Elementary School
- Gakugyouin Junior High School
- Dazaifu Higashi Junior High School
- Dazaifu Nishi Junior High School
- Dazaifu Junior High School
The prefecture operates senior high schools
- Chikushidai High School
- Fukuoka Prefectural Dazaifu High School
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Dazaifu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 150, p. 150, at Google Books.
- Farris, William Wayne (1985). Population, Disease, and Land in Early Japan, 645-900. Harvard University Asia Center. p. 54. ISBN 9780674690059.
- Nussbaum, "Sugawara no Michizane" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 908, p. 908, at Google Books.
- Cobbing, Andrew 2009, Kyushu: Gateway to Japan, p. 83
- Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan, 1334-1615. Stanford University Press. p. 45. ISBN 0804705259.
- Kanzeon-ji, explanatory plaques on site.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
Media related to Dazaifu, Fukuoka at Wikimedia Commons