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|English: Awaken thee, Romanian!|
Lyrics and music sheet
National anthem of Romania
|Also known as||Un răsunet
English: An echo
|Lyrics||Andrei Mureșanu, 1848|
|Music||Anton Pann, 1848|
|Adopted||1917 (Moldavian D.R.)
|Relinquished||1918 (Moldavian D.R.)
"Deșteaptă-te, române!" (instrumental)
“Deșteaptă-te, române!”[a] Romanian pronunciation: [deʃˈte̯aptəte roˈmɨne] ( listen) (variously translated as “Awaken thee, Romanian!”, “Awaken, Romanian!”, or “Wake up, Romanian!”) is the national anthem of Romania.
The lyrics were composed by Andrei Mureșanu (1816–1863) and the music was popular (it was chosen for the poem by Gheorghe Ucenescu, as most sources say). It was written and published during the 1848 revolution, initially with the name “Un răsunet” (English: "An echo"). It was first sung in late June in the same year in the city of Brașov, on the streets of Șchei quarter. It was immediately accepted as the revolutionary anthem and renamed “Deșteaptă-te, române”.
Since then, this song, which contains a message of liberty and patriotism, has been sung during all major Romanian conflicts, including during the 1989 anti-Ceaușist revolution. After that revolution, it became the national anthem, replacing the communist-era national anthem "Trei culori" (English: "Three colors").
The song was also used on various solemn occasions in the Moldavian Democratic Republic, during its brief existence, between 1917 and 1918. Between 1991 and 1994 it was the national anthem of Moldova as well, but was subsequently replaced by the current Moldovan anthem, “Limba noastră” (English: "Our language").[clarification needed]
History of the anthem
|National anthems of Romania|
The melody was originally a sentimental song called “Din sânul maicii mele” composed by Anton Pann after hearing the poem “Adio. La Târgoviște” by Grigore Alexandrescu. In 1848, Andrei Mureșanu wrote the poem “Un răsunet”, and asked Gheorghe Ucenescu, a Scheii Brașovului Church singer, to find him a suitable melody. After Ucenescu sang him several lay melodies, Mureșanu chose Anton Pann’s song. Pann’s song was published in a booklet called “Spitalul amorului sau cântătorul dorului” in 1852.
First sung during the uprisings of 1848, “Deșteaptă-te române” has endured as a favorite song and seen play during various historical events, including as part of Romania’s declaration of independence from the Ottoman Empire during the Russo-Turkish War (1877-78), and during the first world war. The song received particularly heavy radio broadcast in the days following the state coup of August 23, 1944, when Romania switched sides, turning against Nazi Germany and joining the Allies side in the war.
After the seizure of power by the communists on December 30, 1947, “Deșteaptă-te române” and other patriotic songs closely associated with the previous regime were outlawed. Ceaușescu’s government permitted the song to be played and sung in public, but it was not given state recognition as the national anthem.
The overall message of the anthem is a “call to action”; it proposes a “now or never” urge for change present in many national anthems like the French revolutionary song "La Marseillaise". This is the reason why Nicolae Bălcescu called it the “Romanian Marseillaise”.
|National anthems of Moldova|
Besides this anthem, the Romanians also have “Hora Unirii” (“The Unity Hora (dance)”), written in 1855 by the poet Vasile Alecsandri (1821–1890), which was sung a great deal on the occasion of the Union of the Principalities (1859) and on all occasions when the Romanians aspired to union and harmony among themselves. “Hora Unirii” is sung on the Romanian folk tune of a slow but energetic round dance joined by the whole attendance. The round dance (hora) is itself an ancient ritual, symbolizing spiritual communion, equality and the Romanians’ wish for a common life.
Original verses in Romanian
Romania’s national anthem has eleven stanzas, although only the 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 11th are sung on official occasions, as established by Romanian law. At major events, such as the National Holiday, the full version is sung, accompanied by 21-gun salute when the President is present at the event.
|Original Romanian||Phonetic transcription (IPA)||Literal Translation|
|Deșteaptă-te, române, din somnul cel de moarte,||[deʃte̯aptəte romɨne din somnul t͡ʃel de mo̯arte]||Wake up, Romanian, from the sleep of death|
|În care te-adânciră barbarii de tirani||[ɨn kare te̯adɨnt͡ʃirə barbarij de tiranʲ]||Into which you have been sunk by the barbaric tyrants|
|Acum ori niciodată croiește-ți altă soarte,||[akum orʲ nit͡ʃodatə krojeʃtet͡sʲ altə so̯arte]||Now, or never, make a new fate for yourself,|
|La care să se-nchine și cruzii tăi dușmani.||[la kare sə seŋkine ʃi kruzij təj duʃmanʲ]||To which even your cruel enemies will bow.|
|Acum ori niciodată să dăm dovezi la lume||[akum orʲ nit͡ʃodatə sə dəm dovezʲ la lume]||Now or never let us give proof to the world|
|Că-n aste mâni mai curge un sânge de roman,||[kən aste mɨnʲ maj kurd͡ʒe un sɨnd͡ʒe de roman]||That in these veins a Roman blood still flows,|
|Și că-n a noastre piepturi păstrăm cu fală-un nume||[ʃi kən a no̯astre pjepturʲ pəstrəm ku faləwn nume]||That in our chests we hold a name with pride,|
|Triumfător în lupte, un nume de Traian.||[tri.umfətor ɨn lupte un nume de trajan]||Victorious in battle, the name of Trajan![note 1]|
|Înalță-ți lata frunte și caută-n giur de tine,||[ɨnalt͡sət͡sʲ lata frunte ʃi kawtən d͡ʒur de tine]||Raise your broad forehead and see around you|
|Cum stau ca brazi în munte voinici sute de mii;||[kum staw ka brazʲ ɨn munte vojnit͡ʃʲ sute de mij]||How, like fir trees on a mountain, hundreds of thousands of strong men stand;|
|Un glas ei mai așteaptă și sar ca lupi în stâne,||[un glas ej maj aʃte̯aptə ʃi sar ka lupʲ ɨn stɨne]||Just waiting for a voice to pounce like wolves on sheep,|
|Bătrâni, bărbați, juni, tineri, din munți și din câmpii.||[bətrɨnʲ bərbat͡sʲ ʒunʲ tinerʲ din munt͡sʲ ʃi din kɨmpij]||Elders, men, youths, boys, from the mountains and from the plains.|
|Priviți, mărețe umbre, Mihai, Ștefan, Corvine,||[privit͡sʲ məret͡se umbre mihaj ʃtefan korvine]||Behold, great shadows, Mihai, Ștefan, Corvine,|
|Româna națiune, ai voștri strănepoți,||[romɨna nat͡si.une aj voʃtri strənepot͡sʲ]||The Romanian Nation, your great-grandchildren,|
|Cu brațele armate, cu focul vostru-n vine,||[ku brat͡sele armate ku fokul vostrun vine]||With weapons in their arms, with your fire in their veins,|
|"Viața-n libertate ori moarte" strigă toți.||[vi.at͡san libertate orʲ mo̯arte strigə tot͡sʲ]||"Life in freedom or death!" shout all.|
|Pre voi vă nimiciră a pizmei răutate||[pre voj və nimit͡ʃirə a pizmej rəwtate]||You were vanquished by the evils of your envy|
|Și oarba neunire la Milcov și Carpați||[ʃi o̯arba ne.unire la milkov ʃi karpat͡sʲ]||And by your blind disunity, at Milcov and the Carpathians|
|Dar noi, pătrunși la suflet de sfânta libertate,||[dar noj pətrunʃʲ la suflet de sfɨnta libertate]||But we, whose souls were pierced by holy liberty,|
|Jurăm că vom da mâna, să fim pururea frați.||[ʒurəm kə vom da mɨna sə fim purure̯a frat͡sʲ]||Swear that for ever in brotherhood will join.|
|O mamă văduvită de la Mihai cel Mare||[o mamə vəduvitə de la mihaj t͡ʃel mare]||A widowed mother from the time of Michael the Great[note 2]|
|Pretinde de la fiii-și azi mână d-ajutori,||[pretinde de la fijiʃʲ azʲ mɨnə daʒutorʲ]||Claims from her sons today a helping hand,|
|Și blastămă cu lacrămi în ochi pe orișicare,||[ʃi blastəmə ku lakrəmʲ ɨn okʲ pe oriʃikare]||And with tears in her eyes curses whomsoever,|
|În astfel de pericul s-ar face vânzători.||[ɨn astfel de perikul sar fat͡ʃe vɨnzətorʲ]||In such great peril, a traitor would become.|
|De fulgere să piară, de trăsnet și pucioasă,||[de fuld͡ʒere sə pjarə de trəsnet i put͡ʃo̯asə]||Of thunder and of brimstone should they perish|
|Oricare s-ar retrage din gloriosul loc,||[orikare sar retrad͡ʒe din glorjosul lok]||Anyone who would flee the glorious place|
|Când patria sau mama, cu inima duioasă,||[kɨnd patri.a saw mama ku inima dujo̯asə]||When our land or our mother, with a sorrowful heart,|
|Va cere ca să trecem prin sabie și foc.||[va t͡ʃere ka sə tret͡ʃem prin sabi.e ʃi fok]||Will ask us to cross through swords and blazing fire.|
|N-ajunge iataganul barbarei semilune,||[naʒund͡ʒe jataganul barbarej semilune]||Didn't we have enough of the yatagan of the barbaric crescent|
|A cărui plăgi fatale și azi le mai simțim;||[a kəruj pləd͡ʒ fatale ʃi azʲ le maj simt͡sim]||Whose fatal wounds we still feel today;|
|Acum se vâră cnuta în vetrele străbune,||[akum se vɨrə knuta ɨn vetrele strəbune]||Now the knout[note 3] is intruding in our ancestral homes,|
|Dar martor ne e Domnul că vii nu o primim.||[dar martor ne e domnul kə vij nu o primin]||But the Lord is our witness that we shall not accept it alive.|
|N-ajunge despotismul cu-ntreaga lui orbie,||[naʒund͡ʒe despotismul kuntre̯aga luj orbi.e]||Didn't we have enough of the blinded despotism,|
|Al cărui jug de seculi ca vitele-l purtăm;||[al kəruj ʒug de sekulʲ ka vitelel purtəm]||Whose yoke, like cattle, for centuries we have carried?|
|Acum se-ncearcă cruzii, cu oarba lor trufie,||[akum sent͡ʃe̯arkə kruzij ku o̯arba lor trufi.e]||Now the cruel ones are trying, in their blind arrogance,|
|Să ne răpească limba, dar morți numai o dăm.||[sə ne rəpe̯askə limba dar mort͡sʲ numaj o dəm]||To take away our language, but only dead will we surrender it.|
|Români din patru unghiuri, acum ori niciodată||[romɨnʲ din patru uŋgjurʲ akum orʲ nit͡ʃodatə]||Romanians from the four corners, now or never|
|Uniți-vă în cuget, uniți-vă-n simțiri.||[unit͡sivə ɨn kud͡ʒet unit͡sivən simt͡sirʲ]||Unite in thought, unite in feeling|
|Strigați în lumea largă că Dunărea-i furată||[strigat͡sʲ ɨn lume̯a largə kə dunəre̯aj furatə]||Proclaim to the wide world that the Danube is stolen|
|Prin intrigă și silă, viclene uneltiri.||[prin intrigə ʃi silə viklene uneltirʲ]||Through intrigue and coercion, sly machinations.|
|Preoți, cu crucea-n frunte căci oastea e creștină,||[pre.ot͡sʲ ku krut͡ʃe̯an frunte kət͡ʃʲ o̯aste̯a e kreʃtinə]||Priests, lead with your crucifixes, for our army is Christian,|
|Deviza-i libertate și scopul ei preasfânt.||[devizaj libertate ʃi skopul ej pre̯asfɨnt]||The motto is Liberty and its goal is holy,|
|Murim mai bine-n luptă, cu glorie deplină,||[murim maj binen luptə ku glori.e deplinə]||Better to die in battle, in full glory,|
|Decât să fim sclavi iarăși în vechiul nost' pământ.||[dekɨt sə fim sklavʲ jaraʃʲ ɨn vekjul nost pəmɨnt]||Than to once again be slaves upon our ancient ground!|
Note that, in accordance with Romanian law, there are no official translations of the anthem.
A more poetic translation
- Awaken thee, Romanian, wake up from deadly slumber
- The scourge of inauspicious barbarian tyrannies
- And now or never to a bright horizon clamber
- That shall to shame put all your enemies.
- It’s now or never that we prove to the world
- That in these veins still flows Roman blood
- And in our hearts for ever we glorify a name
- Triumphant in battles, the name of Trajan.
- Behold, imperial shadows, Michael, Stephen, Corvinus
- At the Romanian nation, your mighty progeny
- With arms like steel and hearts of fire impetuous
- “Live in liberty, or die” that's what they all decree.
- Priests, raise the cross, as this army is Christian
- Give it liberty and it's sanctified scope
- We’d rather die in battle, with honorary glory
- Than live again enslaved on our ancestral land.
- Romanian, awaken your Spirit from the sleep of Death
- Impressed upon you by Tyrannies of barbarians;
- Now or never, fashion a new destiny,
- Stronger than your foes’, a fate for them to bow to.
- Now or never, our legacy prove to all,
- That through our veins still flows the Blood of Ancient Rome
- That in our chests we proudly hail a Name,
- Triumphant in battle, the Name of Trajan.
- Raise your strong brow and gaze around you
- As trees stand in a forest, brave youths, a hundred thousand
- An order they await, ready to pounce, as wolves among the sheep
- Old men, and young, from mountains high and open plains.
- Gaze mightily, glorious shadows, Michael, Stephen, Corvine
- The Romanian nation, your descendants,
- With weapons in their hands, with your Fire burning
- “Life in Liberty or Death”, all shout together.
- You were vanquished by the evils of envy
- By the blind disunity at the Milcov and Carpathians
- But we, our Spirit touched by saintly Liberty,
- Swear allegiance, to be forever Brothers.
- A widowed mother from the time of Michael the Great
- Asks of her sons a helping hand today
- And curses, with tears in her eyes, whosoever
- In times of such great danger, proves to be a traitor.
- May lightning bolts, thunder and brimstone kill
- Whoever retreats from the glorious battle
- When motherland or mother, with a tender heart,
- Will ask us to pass through sword and flame.
- Is not enough the yatagan of the barbaric crescent
- Whose fatal wounds we feel burning today;
- Now, the knout intrudes on our ancestral lands,
- But with God as witness, we will fight it to the Death
- Is not enough the despotism and its unseeing eye
- Which for centuries enslaved us, as cattle?
- Now, attempt the cruel, in their blind haughtiness,
- To steal our Language, but we will fight them to the Death
- Romanians of the four corners, now or never,
- Be United in your Thoughts, United in your Feelings
- Shout out to the world that the Danube is stolen
- Through intrigue and coercion, malicious plots.
- Priests, with the Cross before you, as the army is Christian,
- The motto is Liberty and its goal eternal
- Better dead in battle, in full glory
- Than be enslaved again in our ancestral homeland.
- The Moldovan Cyrillic transliteration is Дештяптэ-те, ромыне!
- The anthem's history Archived July 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Vasile Oltean - Imnul Național Deșteaptă-te, române!, Ed. Salco, Brașov, 2005, ISBN 973-87502-1-0
- "Romania - Deșteaptă-te, române!". NationalAnthems.me. Retrieved 2011-11-08.
- Silviu Andrieș-Tabac, Simbolurile Republicii Democratice Moldovenești (1917-1918). Interpretări semantice, 2008.[dead link]
- "Cazimir: "Mie îmi place Trăiască Patria!"" (in Romanian). Adevarul. October 4, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2014.
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