De-aging in film
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In film, de-aging is a visual effects technique used to make an actor look younger, especially for flashback scenes.
List of films
The following is an alphabetically ordered list of films that employ de-aging techniques:
|Ant-Man||2015||In this superhero film, actor Michael Douglas, who plays the scientist who creates the Ant-Man shrinking technology, is de-aged in a flashback to 1989, during which he discovers an attempt to replicate his technology.|
|Ant-Man and the Wasp||2018||In this superhero film, actors Michael Douglas, Michelle Pfeiffer, and Laurence Fishburne who play Hank Pym, Janet van Dyne, and Bill Foster, respectively, are de-aged in flashback sequences.|
|Captain America: Civil War||2016||In this superhero film, actor Robert Downey Jr., who plays Tony Stark, a.k.a. Iron Man, is de-aged in a flashback scene.|
|Captain Marvel||2019||In this comic book film Samuel L. Jackson and Clark Gregg who play the characters of Nick Fury and Phil Coulson are de-aged by 25 years for the entire film as it is set in 1995, years prior to the first Iron Man, this is done by Marvel Studios for the first time.|
|The Curious Case of Benjamin Button||2008||In this film, based on a short story in which the protagonist ages backwards, actor Brad Pitt, who plays Benjamin Button, is initially shown as elderly and is gradually de-aged to look progressively younger as numerous decades of the character's life go by.|
|Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2||2017||In this comic book film, actor Kurt Russell, who plays the father of one of the main characters, is de-aged in a flashback scene set on Earth in the 1980s.|
|The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug||2013||In this fantasy film set decades before The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, actor Orlando Bloom reprises his role as the Elf character Legolas and is de-aged in his scenes, to reflect the fact that the film's Elves do not age.|
|The Hobbit: The Battle of Five Armies||2014||In this fantasy film set decades before The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, actor Orlando Bloom reprises his role as the Elf character Legolas and is de-aged in his scenes, to reflect the fact that the film's Elves do not age.|
|Pee-wee's Big Holiday||2016||In this comedy film, actor Paul Reubens reprises his role as Pee-wee Herman 28 years after the last Pee-wee film. De-aging was applied to Reubens to make him appear the same age as he was in his last appearance.|
|Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales||2017||In this pirate film, the actor Johnny Depp, who plays the main character Jack Sparrow, is de-aged for a flashback scene.|
|Rogue One: A Star Wars Story||2016||In this science fiction film, actress Carrie Fisher's likeness is digitally de-aged and recreated to portray her character Princess Leia as she appeared in Star Wars.|
|Terminator Genisys||2015||In this science fiction film, actor Arnold Schwarzenegger reprises his role as the Terminator android and encounters a younger self, a de-aged portrayal.|
|The Irishman||2019||In this biographical crime film Robert De Niro will be digitally de-aged to portray a young Frank "The Irishman" Sheeran.|
|Tron: Legacy||2010||In this science fiction film, a sequel to the 1982 film, set 27 years afterward, actor Jeff Bridges, who played the protagonist Kevin Flynn in the original film, is de-aged to appear as a villainous program who looks like Flynn himself, several years younger.|
|X-Men Origins: Wolverine||2009||In this superhero film, actor Patrick Stewart, who plays mutant Professor X, is de-aged for a brief cameo appearance, as the film takes place earlier in the timeline than the previous films of the series in which Stewart participated.|
|X-Men: The Last Stand||2006||In this superhero film, actors Patrick Stewart and Ian McKellen, who play the mutants Professor X and Magneto respectively, are de-aged in a flashback scene in which the two work together to recruit a mutant girl as a student.|
- Virtual actor
- Westworld: In the third episode of this 2016 TV series, titled "The Stray", Anthony Hopkins' character, Dr. Robert Ford, was made to look several decades younger.
- Twin Peaks: The Return: In the eighteenth episode of this 2017 TV series, subtitled "Part 18", Sheryl Lee's character, Laura Palmer, was made to look twenty-five years younger.
- Giardina, Carolyn (May 10, 2016). "How 'Captain America: Civil War' Turned Robert Downey Jr. Back Into a Teen". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- Giardina, Carolyn (May 30, 2017). "Johnny Depp to Kurt Russell: How 'De-Aging' Stars Became Hollywood's VFX Trick Du Jour". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- Gonzales, Dave (July 4, 2015). "How Terminator: Genisys made a 'synthespian' of young Arnold Schwarzenegger". Geek.com. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- Merry, Stephanie (March 18, 2016). "Hollywood's secret beauty trick: The special effects facelift". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- Seymour, Mike (July 16, 2018). "A Bug's Wife: Ant-Man and the Wasp". FXguide. Archived from the original on July 17, 2018. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- Bradley-Tschirgi, Mat (December 1, 2016). "7 movie actors made impossibly young by CGI". GamesRadar. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- Staff. "X-Men: Extreme Makeover". Fxguide. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- "HOW 'WESTWORLD' DE-AGED ANTHONY HOPKINS & OTHER SPECIAL-EFFECT SECRETS". Thrillist. 2016-10-17.