DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn

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DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn
DCLittlejohn.jpg
Dewitt Clinton Littlejohn
Born (1818-02-07)February 7, 1818
Bridgewater, New York
Died October 27, 1892(1892-10-27) (aged 74)
Oswego, New York
Place of burial Riverside Cemetery, Oswego, New York
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Rank Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Civil War

DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn (February 7, 1818 in Bridgewater, Oneida County – October 27, 1892 in Oswego, Oswego County, New York) was a brevet brigadier general in the Union Army and a United States Representative from New York during the Civil War.

Biography[edit]

He initially pursued an academic course. Deciding to not complete college, he instead engaged in several profitable mercantile pursuits, acting for a time as a forwarder of fresh produce on the lakes and canals of the region. He later engaged in the manufacture of flour at Oswego, New York.

He was Mayor of Oswego in 1849 and 1850. He was a member of the New York State Assembly (Oswego Co., 1st D.) in 1853, 1854, 1855, 1857, 1859, 1860, 1861, 1866, 1867, 1870, 1871 and 1884. He was Speaker in 1855, 1857, 1859, 1860 and 1861; and was the chief lieutenant of political boss Thurlow Weed.

Early in 1861, Littlejohn was influential in the backroom politics to select Ira Harris over Horace Greeley as the Republican Party's nominee to run for the U.S. Senate to succeed William H. Seward, who had not run for re-election, expecting to join President Abraham Lincoln's Cabinet. In September, Littlejohn unsuccessfully sued Greeley and the New York Tribune for libel. With the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Littlejohn worked actively to recruit troops in the Oswego area.

Littlejohn used his political connections in July 1862 to secure a commission as Colonel of the 110th New York Volunteer Infantry, a regiment he helped raise through his personal efforts. He trained his troops at Camp Patterson near Baltimore, Maryland, where it was stationed until November, when it was ordered to Federal-occupied New Orleans, Louisiana.

Returning to politics, he successfully campaigned for the United States House of Representatives. He was elected as a Republican to the 38th United States Congress. He resigned from the army on February 3, 1863, and served in Congress from March 4, 1863, to March 3, 1865. During that term, he was Chairman of the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions. Littlejohn was not a candidate for renomination in 1864, and was brevetted Brigadier General of Volunteers on March 13, 1865.

He moved his residence to Buffalo, New York until 1867, when he moved back to Oswego. Littlejohn wanted to afford Oswego the growth possible by a rail connection to a major port. In 1868, he organized and served as president of the New York and Oswego Midland Railroad (NY&OM), a route traversing much of New York State on its way to New York City.[1] He also established a steamboat service connecting Long Island to his new railroad.

In 1870 the Republican state convention nominated Littlejohn for Lieutenant Governor of New York on the ticket with Stewart L. Woodford, but he declined to run.

Fed up with the corruption of the Grant Administration, in 1872 Littlejohn joined the Liberal Republican Party and supported the candidacy of Horace Greeley for president in 1872, having set aside his previous legal issues with Greeley. He then became a Democrat, was a delegate to several Democratic state conventions, and was an ally of Samuel J. Tilden.

He died in Oswego, and was buried at the Riverside Cemetery.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

New York Assembly
Preceded by
Edwin C. Hart
New York State Assembly
Oswego County, 1st District

1853-1855
Succeeded by
Orville Robinson
Preceded by
Orville Robinson
New York State Assembly
Oswego County, 1st District

1857
Succeeded by
William Baldwin
Preceded by
William Baldwin
New York State Assembly
Oswego County, 1st District

1859-1861
Succeeded by
Elias Root
Preceded by
Elias Root
New York State Assembly
Oswego County, 1st District

1866-1867
Succeeded by
John A. Place
Preceded by
Benjamin Doolittle
New York State Assembly
Oswego County, 1st District

1870-1871
Succeeded by
Daniel G. Fort
Preceded by
William A. Poucher
New York State Assembly
Oswego County, 1st District

1884
Succeeded by
Henry C. Howe
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert H. Pruyn
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
1855
Succeeded by
Orville Robinson
Preceded by
Orville Robinson
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
1857
Succeeded by
Thomas G. Alvord
Preceded by
Thomas G. Alvord
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
1859–1861
Succeeded by
Henry Jarvis Raymond
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
William E. Lansing
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 22nd congressional district

1863-1865
Succeeded by
Sidney T. Holmes