This article relies largely or entirely on a single source
. (December 2016)
|Arend and Leeuw|
The 1939-built De Arend replica
| • Whyte||2-2-2|
| • UIC||1A1|
|Gauge||1,945 mm (6 ft 4 9⁄16 in)|
|Leading dia.||1,140 mm (3 ft 8 7⁄8 in)|
|Driver dia.||1,810 mm (5 ft 11 1⁄4 in)|
|Trailing dia.||1,140 mm (3 ft 8 7⁄8 in)|
|Tender wheels||1,060 mm (3 ft 5 3⁄4 in)|
|Length||9,785 mm (32 ft 1 1⁄4 in)|
|Height||4,600 mm (15 ft 1 1⁄8 in)|
|Loco weight||12 tonnes (12 long tons; 13 short tons)|
|Fuel capacity||600 kg (1,300 lb)|
|Water cap||3,300 litres (730 imp gal; 870 US gal)|
• Firegrate area
|1.13 m2 (12.2 sq ft)|
|Boiler pressure||4.13 kg/cm2 (0.405 MPa; 58.7 psi)|
|Cylinder size||356 mm × 450 mm (14 in × 17 11⁄16 in)|
|Maximum speed||30 km/h (19 mph)|
De Arend (Dutch pronunciation: [də ˈʔaːrənt]; the eagle) was one of the two first steam locomotives in the Netherlands. It was a 2-2-2 Patentee type built in England by R. B. Longridge and Company of Bedlington, Northumberland to run on the then standard Dutch track gauge of 1,945 mm (6 ft 4 9⁄16 in). On 20 September 1839, together with the Snelheid (Dutch for speed), it hauled the first train of the Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij between Amsterdam and Haarlem. It was withdrawn in 1857.
In 1939 a replica of the De Arend was constructed for the 100th anniversary of the Dutch railways. It is displayed at the Nederlands Spoorwegmuseum (Dutch Railway Museum) in Utrecht.
- Statius Muller, R.C.; Veenendaal, A.J., Jr.; Waldorp, H. (2005). De Nederlandse stoomlocomotieven (in Dutch). Alkmaar: Uitg. De Alk. ISBN 90-6013-262-9.