De Arend (locomotive)

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Arend and Leeuw
Locomotief dearend.jpg
The 1939-built De Arend replica
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderR. B. Longridge and Company
Serial number119, 125
Build date1839
Total produced2
 • Whyte2-2-2
 • UIC1A1
Gauge1,945 mm (6 ft 4 916 in)
Leading dia.1,140 mm (3 ft 8 78 in)
Driver dia.1,810 mm (5 ft 11 14 in)
Trailing dia.1,140 mm (3 ft 8 78 in)
Tender wheels1,060 mm (3 ft 5 34 in)
Length9,785 mm (32 ft 1 14 in)
Height4,600 mm (15 ft 1 18 in)
Loco weight12 tonnes (11.8 long tons; 13.2 short tons)
Fuel typeCoke
Fuel capacity600 kg (1,300 lb)
Water cap3,300 litres (730 imp gal; 870 US gal)
 • Firegrate area
1.13 m2 (12.2 sq ft)
Boiler pressure4.13 kg/cm2 (0.405 MPa; 58.7 psi)
CylindersTwo, inside
Cylinder size356 mm × 450 mm (14 in × 17 1116 in)
Performance figures
Maximum speed30 km/h (19 mph)
OperatorsHollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij
DispositionBoth scrapped; replica built in 1939

De Arend (Dutch pronunciation: [də ˈʔaːrənt]; the eagle) was one of the two first steam locomotives in the Netherlands. It was a 2-2-2 Patentee type built in England by R. B. Longridge and Company of Bedlington, Northumberland to run on the then standard Dutch track gauge of 1,945 mm (6 ft 4 916 in). On 20 September 1839, together with the Snelheid (Dutch for speed), it hauled the first train of the Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij between Amsterdam and Haarlem. It was withdrawn in 1857.

In 1939 a replica of the De Arend was constructed for the 100th anniversary of the Dutch railways. It is displayed at the Nederlands Spoorwegmuseum (Dutch Railway Museum) in Utrecht.

See also[edit]


  • Statius Muller, R.C.; Veenendaal, A.J., Jr.; Waldorp, H. (2005). De Nederlandse stoomlocomotieven (in Dutch). Alkmaar: Uitg. De Alk. ISBN 90-6013-262-9.