De Berk, Barger-Compascuum

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De Berk
Emmer Compascuum molen De Berk.jpg
Origin
Mill name De Berk
Mill location Berkenrode 4, 7884 TR, Barger-Compascuum
Coordinates 52°45′17.37″N 7°01′49.14″E / 52.7548250°N 7.0303167°E / 52.7548250; 7.0303167Coordinates: 52°45′17.37″N 7°01′49.14″E / 52.7548250°N 7.0303167°E / 52.7548250; 7.0303167
Operator(s) Stichting Veenpark
Year built 1983
Information
Purpose Corn Mill
Type Smock mill
Storeys Two-storey smock
Base storeys Two-storey base
Smock sides Eight sides
No. of sails Four sails
Type of sails Common sails
Windshaft Wood with cast iron poll end
Winding tailpole
No. of pairs of millstones One pair
Size of millstones 1.70 metres (5 ft 7 in)

De Berk (English: The Birch) is a smock mill in Barger-Compascuum, in Drenthe province of the Netherlands. It was built in 1983.

History[edit]

De Berk was originally built c. 1850 at Drantum, Lower Saxony, Germany. It was rebuilt after a fire in 1870.[1] The mill was last worked commercially in 1952.[2] In 1979, the mill was brought to the Netherlands by miller H E A Bokkers, of Overijssel. The mill was erected in the Veenpark, Barger-Compascuum in 1983.[2] It was erected near the site of a mill which had been demolished in 1936.[1] As of summer 2009, the mill is not in full working order, as repairs are required.[2]

Description[edit]

For an explanation of the various items of machinery, see Mill machinery.

De Berk is what the Dutch describe as an "achtkant stellingmolen", an eight-sided smock mill with a stage. It is a two-storey smock mill on a two-storey brick base. The stage is at first-floor level, it is 3.20 metres (10 ft 6 in) above ground level. The smock and cap are thatched. The four Common sails have a span of 21.50 metres (70 ft 6 in). The wooden windshaft with a cast-iron poll end carries a brake wheel which has 62 cogs.[3] This drives the wallower at the top of the upright shaft. The wallower has 34 cogs. The great spur wheel, at the lower end of the upright shaft has 100 cogs. This drives the lantern pinion stone nut with 37 staves. The millstones are driven overdrift.[2] They are 1.70 metres (5 ft 7 in) diameter.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geschiedenis" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 12 August 2009.  (Click on "Geschiedenis" to view)
  2. ^ a b c d "Barger Compascuum, Drenthe" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 12 August 2009. 
  3. ^ a b "Technische gegevens" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 12 August 2009.  (Click on "Technische gegevens" to view)