De Bruyère C 1

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de Bruyère C 1
De Bruyère C 1 fighter front.jpg
Role Fighter
National origin France
Designer Marcel de Bruyère
First flight April 1917[1]
Number built 1

The de Bruyère C 1 was a prototype French single seat pusher canard Fighter of unusual design produced during World War I. The sole example built crashed on its first flight, and development terminated.[1]

Design and development[edit]

Developed by Marcel de Bruyere, the C 1 was a single-bay biplane with staggered equal-span wings and inverted V-struts. An all-moving one piece canard controlled pitch, while roll control was provided by unusual full chord tip ailerons on the upper wing.[2]

Crash of the C 1 prototype with rotary-tip aileron detail.

A 150 hp Hispano-Suiza 8Aa water-cooled engine[3] located immediately aft of the wings drove a two blade pusher propeller mounted at the extreme tail, via a long shaft. Using a ventral fin with a long tail skid to protect the propeller and a short vertical stabilizer, the C 1 had no fixed horizontal stabilizer.[2] Its tricycle landing gear and advanced metal fuselage were also unusual for its era. Designed to have an unrestricted forward field of fire, the fuselage also had two large circular windows on each side for downward visibility. Armament consisted of a single 37mm cannon.[1]

Its first and only flight was made in April 1917 at flight test facilities used by Farman Aviation Works and Blériot Aéronautique in Étampes, France.[3] The C 1 reached an altitude of roughly 25 feet before entering an uncontrolled roll before crashing inverted.[2] The test pilot survived but no further development of the type was pursued.[3]


Data from [3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 7.5 m (24 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.2 m (26 ft 11 in)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 8Aa V-8 water-cooled piston engine

Performance Armament

  • Guns: 1x 30 mm (1.181 in) cannon

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "De Bruyere C.1". Their Flying Machines. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c Stephan Wilkinson (22 September 2010). "The 10 Most Difficult to Fly Aircraft". World History Group, LLC. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "De Bruyere C1". Their Flying Machines. Retrieved 10 July 2015.