De Doorns

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De Doorns
A view of the Hex River Valley
A view of the Hex River Valley
De Doorns is located in Western Cape
De Doorns
De Doorns
De Doorns is located in South Africa
De Doorns
De Doorns
Coordinates: 33°29′S 19°41′E / 33.483°S 19.683°E / -33.483; 19.683Coordinates: 33°29′S 19°41′E / 33.483°S 19.683°E / -33.483; 19.683
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceWestern Cape
DistrictCape Winelands
MunicipalityBreede Valley
Government
 • CouncillorDaniel Teswin Willemse
Area
 • Total7.6 km2 (2.9 sq mi)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total11,278
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African40.0%
 • Coloured51.5%
 • Indian/Asian0.6%
 • White6.0%
 • Other1.9%
First languages (2011)
 • Afrikaans64.0%
 • Xhosa25.2%
 • Sotho3.7%
 • English2.5%
 • Other4.5%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
6875
PO box
6875
Area code023

De Doorns is a town in Cape Winelands District Municipality in the Western Cape province of South Africa.

Location[edit]

It lies in the Hex River Valley, 32 km north-east of Worcester and 40 km south-west of Touwsrivier. It is in the centre of an export grape growing region, surrounded by over 200 table grape farms.

History[edit]

The town takes its name from the farm "De Doorns boven aan de Hex Rivier" (‘the thorns on the upper Hex River’), known as early as 1725. The area was declared a sub-drosty of Tulbagh in 1819 and the farm became the seat of the area's own drostdy in 1822.

The De Doorns farm was bought by the government of Cape Prime Minister John Molteno in 1875, to build a railway station for the rapidly expanding Cape Government Railways. The line was immediately built through De Doorns, connecting it to Cape Town on the coast and reaching Montagu Road(later Touws River) in 1877, on its way to Kimberley. Around the station, the hamlet of De Doorns would later develop.[2][3]

The area around the town became an important region for table grape farming. It had the necessary infrastructure for exporting its produce, and the longest harvest season in the world - December to April. During the second Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902), the town and its railway infrastructure played an important supporting role. The stone blockhouses which were built to protect the vital railway link are still found in the valley.[4]

A village management board was instituted for De Doorns in 1933 and municipal status attained in 1951.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sum of the Main Places De Doorns, Hassie Square and Ekupumeleni from Census 2011.
  2. ^ C. Schoeman: The Historical Karoo: Traces of the Past in South Africa's Arid Interior. Penguin Random House South Africa. ISBN 1770225684
  3. ^ Burman, Jose (1984), Early Railways at the Cape. Cape Town: Human & Rousseau. ISBN 0-7981-1760-5
  4. ^ Schmidt J.: Call of the Muezzin - Cape to Riyadh. Partridge Africa, Johannesburg. 2014. ISBN 1482803976
  5. ^ "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 132.