De Eendracht, Anjum

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De Eendracht, Anjum
Dongeradiel Eanjum Moune.jpg
De Eendracht, 2007
Origin
Mill name De Eendracht
Mill location Mouneborren 18, 9133 MB, Anjum
Coordinates 53°22′26″N 6°07′41″E / 53.37389°N 6.12806°E / 53.37389; 6.12806Coordinates: 53°22′26″N 6°07′41″E / 53.37389°N 6.12806°E / 53.37389; 6.12806
Operator(s) Stichting Monumentenbehoud Dongeradeel
Year built 1889
Information
Purpose Corn and barley mill
Type Smock mill
Storeys Three-storey smock
Base storeys Five-storey base
Smock sides Eight sides
No. of sails Four sails
Type of sails Common sails
Windshaft Cast iron
Winding Tailpole and winch
Auxiliary power 40 horsepower (30 kW) hot bulb diesel engine
No. of pairs of millstones Four pairs
Size of millstones Two pairs 1.50 metres (4 ft 11 in) diameter French Burrs, two pairs 1.63 metres (5 ft 4 in) French Burrs

De Eendracht (English: The Unity) is a smock mill in Anjum, Friesland, Netherlands which has been restored to working order. The mill is listed as a Rijksmonument, number 31556.[1]

History[edit]

The first mill on this site was a horse mill, De Gortmolen van Bakker Lambert (English: Baker Lambert's barley mill), which was in existence by 1500. Circa 1760, this was replaced by a smock mill. On 24 May 1889 this mill was struck by lightning and burnt down.[2] The replacement mill, De Eendracht, was built by millwright G R van Wieren of Janum,[3] for miller Doeke Turkstra.[4] Parts from a demolished oil mill were incorporated into the new mill, as were parts from the saw mill De Haan (English: The Cockerel), which had also been demolished. Both these mills had stood in Leeuwarden.[3]

Auxiliary power was provided by a 40 horsepower (30 kW) Kromhout Type ER III hot bulb diesel engine.[3] The mill was working commercially until 1964 and was sold on 12 May 1967 to the Gemeente Oostdongeradeel for ƒ3,500.[2][3] The mill was restored by millwright Christiaan Bremer of Adorp, Groningen in 1971-72.[3]

The mill is used as a tourist information office by the VVV,[5] as well as being kept in working order. Further restoration work was undertaken in 1995.[3]

Description[edit]

De Eendracht is what the Dutch describe as an "achtkante stellingmolen". It is a smock mill with a stage. The mill has a five-storey brick base. The stage is at 4th-floor level, 9.30 metres (30 ft 6 in) above ground level. The smock and cap are thatched. The cap is winded by a tailpole and winch.[1] The four Common sails, which have a span of 22.10 metres (72 ft 6 in),[4] are carried in a cast-iron windshaft. This was made by millwrights Prins van Oranje, Den Haag in 1876. The windshaft also carries the brake wheel which has 63 cogs. This drives the wallower (34 cogs) at the top of the upright shaft. At the bottom of the upright shaft, the great spur wheel (100 cogs) drives the lantern pinion stone nuts for the millstones (25 and 27 staves) and the lantern pinion stone nuts for the pearl barley stones (21 staves). All four pairs of stones are French Burrs, those used for flour milling are 1.50 metres (4 ft 11 in) diameter. The pearl barley stones are 1.63 metres (5 ft 4 in) diameter.[1]

Public access[edit]

De Eendracht is open Tuesday to Saturday from 10:00 - 17:00, April - October, and Saturdays only from 10:00 to 17:00 November to March.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Technische gegevens" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 25 August 2009.  (Click on Technische gegevens" to view.)
  2. ^ a b "Geschiedenis" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 25 August 2009.  (Click on Geschiedenis" to view.)
  3. ^ a b c d e f Stichting De Fryske Mole (1995). Friese Molens (in Dutch). Leeuwarden: Friese Pers Boekerij bv. p. 131. ISBN 90-330-1522-6. 
  4. ^ a b c "Molen 'De Eendracht', het boeiende gezicht van Anjum" (in Dutch). Lauwerwmeer Koerier. Retrieved 25 August 2009. 
  5. ^ "VVV Anjum" (in Dutch). Vereniging voor Vreemdelingenverkeer. Retrieved 25 August 2009.