De La Rue
|Public (LSE: DLAR)|
|Headquarters||Basingstoke, Hampshire, United Kingdom|
|Philip Rogerson, Chairman
Martin Sutherland, CEO
|Revenue||£513.3 million (2014)|
|£71.8 million (2014)|
|£47.9 million (2014)|
De La Rue plc (/ / or US / /) is a banknote manufacturer, security printing, papermaking and cash handling systems company with headquarters in Basingstoke, Hampshire, England. It also has a factory on the Team Valley Trading Estate, Gateshead, and other facilities at Loughton, Essex and Bathford, Somerset. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange.
The company was founded by Thomas de la Rue, who moved to London in 1821 and set up in business as a stationer and printer. Working as a "boy of the streets", in 1831 he secured his business a Royal Warrant to produce playing cards. In 1855 it started printing postage stamps and in 1860 it began printing banknotes. In 1896, the family partnership was converted to a private company.
In 1921, the de la Rue family sold their interests. It was first listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1947. The company, then called Thomas De La Rue & Company, Limited, changed its name in 1958 to The De La Rue Company Limited. A takeover bid for De La Rue was made by the Rank Organisation plc in 1968 but this was rejected by the Monopolies commission as being against the public interest. In 1991 the company’s name was changed again – this time to De La Rue plc.
In 1995, the company acquired Portals Limited from the Portal family. For almost 300 years Portals had been regarded as the leading banknote paper manufacturer in the world, having manufactured banknote paper for the Bank of England since 1724.
In 2003, the company acquired the Debden-based banknote printing operations of the Bank of England.
Security printing and papermaking
De La Rue also produces a wide range of other secure documents, including:
In 1843 De La Rue established its first overseas trade, as de la Rue's brother Paul travelled to Russia to advise on the making of playing cards. Thomas de la Rue's designs for playing cards are the basis for the modern standard design. The playing card business was sold to John Waddington in 1969.
The company has also printed postage stamps for the United Kingdom and some of its colonies, for Italy and for the Confederate States of America. Some famous stamps such as the Cape of Good Hope triangulars were printed by De La Rue & Co. after Perkins Bacon fell out of favour with the postal authorities of the time. The first 50 years of postage stamp production were chronicled in John Easton's The De La Rue History of British and Foreign Postage Stamps 1855-1901 (Faber & Faber, London, 1958).
De La Rue claims to have developed the first practical fountain pen in 1881 and was a leading manufacturer of fountain pens in Britain. Products were marketed under the "Onoto" brand. Production of fountain pens by De La Rue ceased in Britain in 1958 but continued for a few more years in Australia.
During the 1930s De La Rue created a number of board games. These included a cricket game, Stumpz, which was produced in a number of different editions, and Round The Horn, a game which re-created the then annual race of grain-laden, square-rigged sailing cargo ships from Australia to London. The games consisted of high quality components and used playing cards as part of the component set.
Gallery of products produced by De La Rue
- Giesecke & Devrient – De La Rue's primary competitor, based in Munich.
- Banknotes of the pound sterling
- Hong Kong Note Printing Limited
- "Annual Report 2014" (PDF). De La Rue. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "How did Libyan money come to be printed in Britain?". BBC. 2011-09-02. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
- De La Rue History
- Competition Commission Reports
- "Cash machine". The Economist. 11 August 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "Up to 350 jobs to go at printing firm". Your Local Guardian. 7 October 2002. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Bank of England: Sale of Bank Note Printing Operations
- Simon, Hermann: Hidden Champions of the 21st Century : Success Strategies of unknown World Market Leaders. London: Springer, 2009.- ISBN 978-0-387-98147-5.
- "Banknote printer De La Rue appoints BAE's Sutherland as boss". The Telegraph. 2014-08-29. Retrieved 2014-11-08.
- "About us". delarue.com. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Simon Wintle. "History of De La Rue". The World of Playing Cards. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "History of Onoto Pens". onoto.com. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "Stumpz by Thos. de la Rue & Co. Ltd.". replaycricket.com. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
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