De Lacy Evans
Sir George de Lacy Evans
De Lacy Evans by Peter Edward Stroehling, ca. 1825
|Born||7 October 1787|
Moig, County Limerick, Ireland
|Died||9 January 1870|
|Commands held||British Legion|
|Battles/wars||War of 1812:
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath|
Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour (France)
|Other work||Member of Parliament|
General Sir George de Lacy Evans GCB (7 October 1787 – 9 January 1870) was a British Army general who served in four wars in which the United Kingdom's troops took part in the 19th century. He was later a long-serving Member of Parliament.
Evans was born in 1787, in Moig, County Limerick, Ireland. Educated at Woolwich Academy he followed his elder brother Richard (1782–1847) into the military, joining the East India Company's forces in 1800 before volunteering for the British Army in India in 1806. He obtained an ensigncy in the 22nd Regiment of Foot in 1807 then exchanged into the 3rd Light Dragoons in order to take part in the Peninsular War. He was sent on the expedition to the United States of 1814 during the War of 1812 under Major General Robert Ross. Evans was quartermaster general to Ross at the Battle of Bladensburg on 24 August 1814, and during the Burning of Washington, as well as at the Battle of North Point on 12 September 1814, where Ross was killed.
Evans was actively involved in the New Orleans campaign at the conclusion of the War of 1812. He was the only British Army officer present at the Royal Navy 'small boat action' on Lake Borgne, and was wounded at the battle of New Orleans.
In 1853 he was given the colonelcy for life of the 21st Regiment of Foot (Royal North British Fusiliers) and promoted full general on 10 March 1861.
He served as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Rye in 1830, and from 1831 to 1832, and for Westminster from 1833 to 1841 and from 1846 to 1865. He was also awarded the Grand Cross of the French Legion of Honour.
Beginning in the middle 1850s Evans became a strong advocate for reform of the British army. In particular he was harshly critical of the system by which British army officers purchased their commissions and were expected to pay for each rank of promotion. While he did not live to see the final abolition of the purchase system which occurred in 1871, his persistent call for amelioration was instrumental in its ultimate demise.
Evans died on 9 January 1870, and is buried in Kensal Green Cemetery, London.
Portraits of Evans were painted by Peter Edward Stroehling (above) and Richard Buckner. An engraving based on the latter can be seen on the web site of the British Library, London. The original life-size Buckner portrait was rediscovered in 2012 and was authenticated by art historian Philip Mould on the BBC Antiques Road Show at Cheltenham in 2013.
Sir George de Lacy Evans's medals and awards are on display at the Queens Own Royal Hussars Museum located in the Lord Leycester Hospital in Warwick.
- Tucker, Spencer C. (2012). The Encyclopedia Of the War Of 1812: A Political, Social, and Military History [3 volumes]: A Political, Social, and Military History. ABC-CLIO. p. 235. ISBN 9781851099573. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
- Spiers, Edward M. (1983). Radical General: Sir George de Lacy Evans, 1787-1870. Manchester University Press. p. 1. ISBN 9780719009297. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
- De Lacy - 1000 years of History - published by Bernhard Lascy 2013
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
- "EVANS, George De Lacy". Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
- "No. 22497". The London Gazette. 29 March 1861. p. 1375.
- A dictionary of general biography: with a classified and chronological index of the principal names, William Leist Readwin Cates, page 44
- Slater, Carl (December 1979). "The Problem of Purchase Abolition in the British Army 1856-1862".
- "Portrait of Sir George de Lacy Evans – print after Buckner". British Library. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
- Adkin, Mark (2001). The Waterloo Companion. Aurum. ISBN 1-85410-764-X
- Barbero, Alessandro (2005). The Battle: A New History of Waterloo. Atlantic Books. ISBN 1-84354-310-9
- George, Christopher T., Terror on the Chesapeake: The War of 1812 on the Bay, Shippensburg, Pa., White Mane, 2001, ISBN 1-57249-276-7
- Spiers, Edward M (1983). Radical General : Sir George de Lacy Evans, 1787–1870, Manchester, U.K., Manchester University Press, ISBN 0-7190-0929-4
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wood, James, ed. (1907). "article name needed". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne.
- de Lacy Evans' grave at historyhome.co.uk
- Brett, Edward M. The British Auxiliary Legion in the First Carlist War 1835–1838: A Forgotten Army. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2005.
- Bullen, Roger and Strong, Felicity (Eds.). Prime Minister Papers Series I. Palmerston: Private Correspondence with Sir George Villiers (afterwards 4th Earl of Clarendon) as Minister to Spain 1833–1837. London: Royal Commission of Historical Manuscripts, HMSO, 1985.
- Coverdale, John F. The Basque Phase of Spain’s First Carlist War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.
- De Porras y Rodríguez de León, Gonzalo. La Expedición de Rodil y las Legiones Extranjeras en la Primera Guerra Carlista. Madrid: Ministerio de Defensa, 2004.
- Duncan, Francis. The English in Spain: The Story of the War of Succession between 1834 and 1840. London: John Murray, 1877.
- Evans, Sir George De Lacy. Memoranda of the Contest in Spain. London: James Ridgway, 1840.
- Holt, Edgar. The Carlist Wars in Spain. Chester Springs (Pennsylvania): Dufour Editions, 1967.
- Pirala, Antonio. Historia de la Guerra Civil. Madrid: Turner SA / Historia 16, 1984. (6 Volumes).
- Rodriguez, Moises Enrique. Under the Flags of Freedom: British Mercenaries in the War of the Two Brothers, the First Carlist War and the Greek War of Independence (1821–1840). Lanham (Maryland): Hamilton Books, 2009.
- Shaw, Charles. Personal Memoirs & Correspondence of Col. Charles Shaw, comprising a Narrative of the War for Constitutional Liberty in Portugal and Spain. London: Henry Colburn Publishers, 1837. (2 Volumes).
- Shelley, Ronald G. The British Legion in Spain during the First Carlist War. Brighton: Spanish Philatelic Society, 1975.
- Somerville, Alexander. History of the British Legion and the War in Spain 1835–1837. London: James Pattie, 1839.
- Spiers, Edward M. Radical General: Sir George de Lacy Evans 1787–1870. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1983.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to De Lacy Evans.|
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by (George) De Lacy Evans
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Rye
May 1830 – August 1830
With: Richard Arkwright
Hugh Duncan Baillie
Francis Robert Bonham
Hugh Duncan Baillie
Francis Robert Bonham
| Member of Parliament for Rye
1831 – 1832
With: Thomas Pemberton
Edward Barrett Curteis
Sir Francis Burdett and
Sir John Hobhouse
| Member of Parliament for Westminster
With: Francis Burdett, to 1837
John Temple Leader, from 1837
John Temple Leader and
Henry John Rous
Sir Frederick Adam
| Colonel of the 21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
Sir Frederick William Hamilton