De Onderneming, Witmarsum

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De Onderneming, Witmarsun
Witmarsum - molen De Onderneming.jpg
De Onderneming, September 2008
Origin
Mill nameDe Onderneming
Mill locationMolenweg 43, 8748 CN, Witmarsum
Coordinates53°05′57″N 5°28′08″E / 53.09917°N 5.46889°E / 53.09917; 5.46889Coordinates: 53°05′57″N 5°28′08″E / 53.09917°N 5.46889°E / 53.09917; 5.46889
Operator(s)Stichting tot Behoud van Momumenten in de gemeente Súdwest Fryslân
Year built1862
Information
PurposeCorn mill and pearl barley mill
TypeSmock mill
StoreysThree storey smock
Base storeysTwo storey base
Smock sidesEight sides
No. of sailsFour sails
Type of sailsCommon sails, Fok system on leading edges
WindshaftCast iron
WindingTailpole and winch
No. of pairs of millstonesFour pairs
Size of millstones1.60 metres (5 ft 3 in), 1.56 metres (5 ft 1 in), 1.50 metres (4 ft 11 in) and 1.47 metres (4 ft 10 in) diameter

De Onderneming (Dutch pronunciation: [də ˌʔɔndərˈneːmɪŋ]; English: The Company) is a smock mill in Witmarsum, Friesland, Netherlands which was built in 1850 and is in working order. It is used as a training mill. The mill is listed as a Rijksmonument.

History[edit]

De Onderneming was built in 1850, probably by millwright Van der Meer of Harlingen, Friesland. The foundation stone was laid on 17 September.[1] In 1896, the mill was bought by Geurt Stoffels. It passed to his son Heimen in 1956. Following Heimen's death in 1968, the mill fell into disrepair. It was bought by the Gemeente Wûnseradiel. Restoration took place in 1970-71.[2] Further restorations took place in 1988 and 1994.[1] The mill is in the ownership of the Stichting tot Behoud van Momumenten in de gemeente Súdwest Fryslân. Used as a training mill, it is listed as a Rijksmonument, № 39437.[2]

Description[edit]

De Onderneming is what the Dutch describe as a "Stellingmolen". It is a smock mill on a wooden base. The stage is 4.00 metres (13 ft 1 in) above ground level. The smock and cap are thatched. The mill is winded by tailpole and winch. The sails are Common sails, ftted with the Fok system on their leading edges.[1] They have a span of 19.00 metres (62 ft 4 in).[2] The sails are carried on a cast iron windshaft, which was cast by Fabrikaat De Muinck Keizer of Martenshoek, Groningen in 1891.[3] The windshaft also carries the brake wheel which has 60 cogs. This drives the wallower (31 cogs) at the top of the upright shaft. At the bottom of the upright shaft is the great spur wheel, which has 75 cogs. The great spur wheel drives a pair of 1.60 metres (5 ft 3 in) diameter Cullen millstones via a lantern pinion stone nut which has 22 staves. A pair of 1.50 metres (4 ft 11 in) Cullen millstones is driven via a lantern pinion stone nut which has 19 staves. Two pairs of Peak millstones, of 1.56 metres (5 ft 1 in) and 1.47 metres (4 ft 10 in) diameter, are driven via lantern pinion stone nuts which have 22 staves each.[1]

Millers[edit]

  • Geurt Stoffels (1896-1956)[2]
  • Heimen Stoffels (1956–64)[2]

Public access[edit]

De Onderneming is open to the public on Saturday between 09:00 and 12:00, or by appointment.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Stichting De Fryske Mole (1995). Friese Molens (in Dutch). Leeuwarden: Friese Pers Boekerij bv. p. 201. ISBN 90 330 1522 6.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Witmarsum, Fryslân" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  3. ^ "De Onderneming te Witmarsum, Over de Molen" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  4. ^ "De Onderneming te Witmarsum, Contact" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2014.