De Vrouwbuurstermolen, Vrouwenparochie

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De Vrouwbuurstermolen, Vrouwenparochie
Vrouwbuurstermolen, aanzicht Middelweg 6 - Vrouwenparochie - 20247732 - RCE.jpg
De Vrouwbuurstermolen, June 1968
Origin
Mill nameDe Vrouwbuurstermolen
Mill locationMiddelweg 6, 9077 SB, Vrouwenparochie
Coordinates53°16′50″N 5°43′17″E / 53.28056°N 5.72139°E / 53.28056; 5.72139Coordinates: 53°16′50″N 5°43′17″E / 53.28056°N 5.72139°E / 53.28056; 5.72139
Operator(s)Stichting De Vrouwbuurstermolen
Year built1862
Information
PurposeCorn mill, formerly also a pearl barley mill
TypeSmock mill
StoreysTwo storey smock
Base storeysTwo storey base
Smock sidesEight sides
No. of sailsFour sails
Type of sailsCommon sails
WindshaftCast iron
WindingTailpole and winch
No. of pairs of millstonesTwo pairs
Size of millstones1.50 metres (4 ft 11 in)

De Vrouwbuurstermolen is a smock mill in Vrouwenparochie, Friesland, Netherlands which was built in 1862 and is in working order. The mill is listed as a Rijksmonument.

History[edit]

Little is known of the early history of the mill. A mill stood here in 1570. It was almost certainly a post mill. A rye mill was marked on a map dated 1832. This was a smock mill.[1] De Vrouwbuurstermolen was built on the base of this mill in 1862.[2] The mill was owned by Johannes Jans van der Ley in 1869. The mill was then a corn and pearl barley mill. The mill worked until 1954. At that time, it was fitted with a secondhand pair of sails with leading edges on the Dekker system. These sails were shorter than the other pair, having been acquired secondhand from a demolished drainage mill. They had a span of less than 19.00 metres (62 ft 4 in). In 1962, a society was formed to restore the mill. Restoration took place from 1963-67. The mill gas worked regularly since then. A further restoration in 2007 saw the mill fitted with a sprinkler system in case of fire. The mill is listed as a Rijksmonument, № 9526.[1]

Description[edit]

De Vrouwbuurstermolen is what the Dutch describe as a "Stellingmolen". It is a smock mill on a wooden base. The stage is 4.90 metres (16 ft 1 in) above ground level. The smock and cap are thatched. The mill is winded by tailpole and winch. The sails are Common sails. They have a span of 20.60 metres (67 ft 7 in). The sails are carried on a cast iron windshaft.[3] The windshaft also carries the wooden brake wheel,[1] which has 56 cogs. This drives the wallower (29 cogs) at the top of the upright shaft. At the bottom of the upright shaft is the great spur wheel, which has 88 cogs. The great spur wheel drives two pair of French Burr millstones via lantern pinion stone nuts which have 22 staves each. Both pairs of millstones are 1.50 metres (4 ft 11 in) diameter.[3]

Millers[edit]

  • Johannes Jans van der Ley (1869- )

References for above:-[1]

Public access[edit]

De Vrouwbuurstermolen is open to the public on the first Saturday in the month between 09:00 and 12:00, or by appointment.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Vrouwenparochie, Fryslân" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  2. ^ "Vrouwbuurstermolen te Vrouwenparochie, Over de Molen" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  3. ^ a b Stichting De Fryske Mole (1995). Friese Molens (in Dutch). Leeuwarden: Friese Pers Boekerij bv. p. 150. ISBN 90 330 1522 6.
  4. ^ "Vrouwbuurstermolen te Vrouwenparochie, Contact" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Archived from the original on 8 October 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.