Dead Sea Works

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Dead Sea Works
Public
IndustryChemicals & Extraction of Minerals
Founded1929
ProductsPotash, Bromine, Magnesium
OwnerIsrael Chemicals
Websitewww.Iclfertilizers.com
Palestine Potash Ltd., 1945

The Dead Sea Works (Hebrew: מפעלי ים המלח‎, Mif'alei Yam HaMelakh) is an Israeli potash plant in Sdom, on the Dead Sea coast of Israel.

History[edit]

The company was established in 1930 by Moshe Novomeysky. It was known then as the Palestine Potash Company. From 1936, it was a profitable enterprise despite attempts by the German potash cartel to strangle the business by dumping potash at below-cost prices.[1]

In the Israel War of Independence in 1948, the northern half of the production facilities was occupied by the Jordanian Legion, which was destroyed in the ensuing fighting.[1]

In 1951, the company was nationalized by the Israeli government under the Ministry of Development.[2] In 1953, it was renamed the Dead Sea Works.[3]

Today[edit]

An aerial view of the evaporation ponds operated by the Dead Sea Works

Dead Sea Works is the world's fourth-largest producer and supplier of potash products.[4] The company also produces magnesium chloride, industrial salts, de-icers, bath salts, table salt, and raw materials for the cosmetic industry.[4] It has customers in over 60 countries. Dead Sea Works is part of the Fertilizers Division of Israel Chemicals Ltd.[3] It is located in the southern basin of the Dead Sea and the extracted chemicals are exported around the world.[5]

Rather than extracting potash and other minerals from the Dead Sea by mining them directly, the company makes use of solar evaporation with 2-meter deep evaporation ponds.[6]

Controversy[edit]

Dead Sea Works has been blamed by conservationists for polluting the environment and contributing to the Dead Sea's slow evaporation.[7][8]

Part of the Dead Sea Works.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The political economy of Israel: From ideology to stagnation, Yakir Plessner
  2. ^ The Building of the Israeli State Sector, Case Study: The Palestine Potash Ltd.
  3. ^ a b Dead Sea Works
  4. ^ a b Case Study: Dead Sea Works - Sdom, Israel
  5. ^ John Ward Anderson (2005-05-19). "For Dead Sea, a Slow and Seemingly Inexorable Death". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-11-07.
  6. ^ http://www.iclfertilizers.com/Fertilizers/DSW/Pages/AboutUs.aspx
  7. ^ Estrin, Daniel (13 June 2011). "Dead Sea threatened both by shrinking and flooding". Huffington Post. Ein Bokek, Israel. Associated Press. Retrieved 18 June 2013. Environmentalists accuse the company of profiting at the expense of the ecology.
  8. ^ Geological significance of the Dead Sea Archived February 9, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°02′05″N 35°22′16″E / 31.034697°N 35.371116°E / 31.034697; 35.371116