Deal or No Deal (UK game show)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
|Deal or No Deal|
|Also known as||Celebrity Deal or No Deal (2012–)|
|Created by||Endemol UK|
|Presented by||Noel Edmonds|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of seasons||9|
|No. of episodes||2,450 (excl. Celebrity and 2013 Christmas Stars Specials)
(as of 23 February 2014)
|Running time||45–60 minutes (inc. adverts)|
|Original channel||Channel 4|
|Original run||31 October 2005– present|
|Related shows||Golden Balls
The Bank Job
Deal or No Deal is a United Kingdom Endemol game show hosted by Noel Edmonds, based on the format which originated in the Netherlands. First broadcast on Channel 4 on 31 October 2005, it aired six days a week excluding Saturdays for the entire year for its first eight seasons and it returned after box number 23 was introduced. The show used to include a summer break of a month during July and August, but this has been dropped.
Filmed in the round, the game is a simple game of chance and nerve, it features a single contestant trying to beat the Banker, as they open 22 identical sealed red boxes assigned to potential contestants in an order of their choosing. The boxes contain randomly assigned sums of money inside ranging from 1p to £250,000. The day's contestant is selected at the beginning, bringing their box to the chair. As the boxes are opened over a number of rounds, the Banker makes offers of real money to gain possession of their box. The gameplay is coordinated by Edmonds, who communicates with the unseen banker by telephone. Contestants can either 'deal' to take the money, or play to the end, settling on the amount in their box.
The objective is for the contestant to obtain the highest amount of money they believe they can, whilst the Banker is trying to minimise the amount they have to pay out. As the game progresses and more possible final values are eliminated, both the Banker and the contestant have more information to offer deals or accept deals. The contestant faces the risk of not accepting a deal may lead to smaller deals later or the final amount being lower than previous deals offered. The Banker faces the converse, the offers made may ultimately end up being greater than the contestant would have won should the whole game be played out.
Occasionally there are special episodes with a particular theme, usually based around the national holidays, introducing special features and prizes, and occasionally an opportunity to win £500,000.
From November 2005 until 2007 the show averaged 2.5–3.5 million viewers; as of 2013 the average daily audience is 800,000–900,000 viewers due to new competition from ITV and the BBC in the 4pm timeslot, but it is still one of the most popular daytime shows in the UK.
- 1 Format
- 2 Episodes
- 3 Top prize winners
- 4 Production
- 5 Reception
- 6 Gambling issues
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Contestants can win prizes ranging between 1p and £250,000, and potentially £500,000 (after changes made in 2014). The game is played using twenty-two sealed red boxes, each with an identifying number from 1 to 22 displayed on the front. Inside each box is a sum of money. All the boxes are sealed by an independent adjudicator; the value inside each box is not known to anyone except the adjudicator.
At the start of each game one of the 22 contestants, each standing behind one of the red boxes, is selected to be the player for that episode. The contestants themselves do not know who is to take the seat until it is revealed at the beginning of the show. Usually players will appear on around 15–25 shows before they are selected to play. The player then takes their box and walks to the centre of the set, taking their place at the "pound table", in what Edmonds often refers to as the "crazy chair". Once sitting down the player introduces themselves, and after confirming that they selected their box at random, the game begins.
The player's box contains their (potential) prize. One at a time, the player chooses one of the 21 boxes remaining (other than their own) to be opened, eliminating the value inside it from the list of possible amounts in the player's box (displayed on a large screen opposite them). It is in the player's interest to uncover smaller amounts of money, in the hope that their prize is a larger amount or that they can get a higher offer from the Banker. Boxes are opened by the remaining 21 contestants; these contestants are also regularly spoken to by Edmonds and the player, and offer support and advice to the player. These contestants, however, return for the following episodes, along with a new contestant replacing the previous episode's player, so that all contestants eventually play the game, and continuity is built between shows.
There are six rounds: in the opening round the player opens five boxes, then three in each subsequent round. After the required number of boxes have been opened in a round, The Banker offers to buy the player's box. The amount is dependent on the remaining box values: if several larger amounts are gone, the offer is likely to be low, as the probability is higher that the player's box contains a small amount of money.
Occasionally, the first offer (or on very rare occasions a later offer) has been replaced by an offer to the contestant to swap their box for one of the remaining unopened boxes. The first offer can also be used by the Banker to offer non-monetary items such as a dozen roses, or in the case of Jimmy Carr's game, a holiday bribe (as Carr was playing for charity, he could walk away from the game, earning nothing for charity but a holiday for himself). These offers rarely impact the game in a serious manner.
The Banker is never seen, relaying his offers to Edmonds via telephone (although sometimes Edmonds allows the player to talk to the Banker through the telephone). Edmonds tells the player the offer and asks the eponymous question. The player responds either "deal" or "no deal".
Responding with "deal" means the contestant agrees to sell the box for the amount of money offered, relinquishing the prize in their box. The game is now over, though play continues to show the hypothetical outcome had the player not dealt. Saying "no deal" means the player keeps their box, and proceeds to the next round, again hoping to reveal small amounts in the remaining boxes.
After six rounds, only two boxes remain. If the player rejects the final offer, they take the prize contained in their box. The Banker might offer the opportunity for the player to swap their box with the other remaining unopened box and take the prize contained in it instead. A swap is always offered if the £250,000 is still in play; however, it can also be offered in any situation (including, on rare occasions, earlier in the game). On one occasion to one player the Banker offered a second swap.
Occasionally, after the player has said 'deal' earlier in the game, after all six rounds, the Banker will offer the 'Banker's Gamble', now known as 'Hand Back'. If the player agrees, they give back the amount they dealt at, and open their box - winning whatever their box contains, rather than what they dealt at. One contestant named Jacquie accepted the Banker's gamble with 1p and £100,000, but it was realised that she might have made a mistake. The Banker gave her the chance to correct her mistake and the second time changed her mind. Had she stuck with her first decision, she would have won £100,000. The second £250,000 winner, Alice Mundy, who had dealt two rounds earlier at £17,500, was offered the Banker's Gamble. She was left with the 1p and the £250,000. She accepted the Banker's Gamble and won the £250,000.
Sometimes there are extra twists to the game, including making offers between rounds, and offering other gambles such as "double or nothing", where after the player has dealt, they have to open extra boxes and risk winning nothing or doubling their winnings. Also, the Banker has allowed the player to go ahead one box at the time (giving them more freedom to pull out of the game when they wish). The Banker has been known to try other tricks such as offering prize money to other people, for example, a friend of a player who won only a small amount in their own game. Such twists happen rarely, but happen more regularly during the themed weeks.
On 1 January 2014, a new twist was introduced to the game: a "Box 23" offers the player the opportunity to win a potential £500,000 or lose everything. At the end of their game, the player will be asked if they wish to buy Box 23 for the amount they won on the show. It can offer them different chances, including:
- Money Back
The game board
There are 22 cash prizes contained in the boxes on the programme. These cash prizes range from 1p to £250,000 (the highest five valued boxes are referred to as the "Power Five"), whilst the lowest five valued boxes can be referred to as the "Banker's Power Five".
The game show participants comprise the host Noel Edmonds, the unseen character of The Banker, the main contestant playing that day's game, the other contestants (referred to by Edmonds as the 'East Wing' and the 'West Wing' referring to their position on set), and finally a studio audience of around 120 people facing the gameboard (referred to as 'the pilgrims' by Edmonds). Audience members are commonly asked for opinions on whether the player should "Deal or No Deal".
The contestants who appear on "Deal or No Deal" come from all backgrounds and age groups. At any one time, the 22 contestants have a mixture of old, young, male (with a brief exception during the 2007 "Battle of the Sexes"), female, loud, and quiet contestants. The oldest ever contestant is Joe, who played in 2009. Edmonds stated that Joe is the "most mature contestant ever at the age of 97". Contestants must be at least 18 years of age to appear on the show.
The Observer interviewed Edmonds in relation to the show on 29 January 2006, quoting Edmonds as saying that his scenes with the Banker bring out his "inner actor". He revealed his passion for the show and his admiration for the individual community spirit within it, as well as his (later fulfilled) ambition that it would eventually hold a Saturday evening prime time slot.
The Banker is the name given to the show's quasi-fictional antagonist. Notionally, the money on the gameboard is The Banker's own. As such, his role is to make cash offers to buy the contestant's chosen box rather than allowing them to continue and risk them winning much more. The Banker is played by "Himself", as stated on the end credits. He talks to Edmonds via the Bakelite telephone on the contestant's desk, and also regularly talks to the daily player.
As Broadcast magazine noted in March 2006, the UK version of the show was the first to exploit the potential for The Banker to be an active character. Despite not being seen or heard on screen, this personification led to a high degree of public and media interest in The Banker. The Guardian newspaper called The Banker "a cult character in the making and no mistake" and included him in their hotlist. Television programmes such as Harry Hill's TV Burp, GMTV, Richard & Judy, and Dead Ringers all made jokes about and regularly speculated as to The Banker's real identity in episodes aired between November 2005 and April 2006.
Edmonds faces regular questioning on the subject. A typical example is during a webchat on the Channel 4 website, where he said, "The Banker is a real person! I am now being asked all the time whether there is somebody on the phone and I've been accused of pretending that I'm talking to nobody. The truth is that The Banker is a very dry, extremely astute number cruncher. He watches the player very closely and obviously wants them to go away with as little money as possible. He is not somebody I would wish to socialise with."
Some sources have speculated that the Banker is really former Coronation Street actor and former UK host of The Mole, Glenn Hugill, who works as part of the show's production team. Edmonds refuted these claims in Heat magazine in July 2006, and Hugill himself continues in interviews to refer to the Banker in the third person.
As the show progresses, the Banker's fictitious backstory has been built up through the character's conversations with Edmonds and the daily players. Edmonds describes The Banker as an older man, who is overweight and has little hair. In various episodes the Banker has been said to speak fluent French and Russian. The Banker has made several references to his six ex-wives, mother, two boxer dogs, and also to his estranged son, who he never speaks to on account of his being a charity worker.
On 16 November 2006, Edmonds turned on Exeter's Christmas lights and claimed that the banker used to study "Financial affairs and Politics" at Exeter University, suggesting that students could find his identity by looking at the records. This "fact" was mentioned during an episode of University Challenge on 17 September 2007 when Jeremy Paxman introduced Exeter University and named The Banker as one of the institution's famous alumni. In the October/November 2008 edition of the Sky Digital Magazine, an interview with The Banker was published. It was revealed that The Banker has an MSc in financial analysis and fund management, BSc in pure mathematics, statistics and mathematical sciences and a Masters in behavioural and biological psychology. He also stated that he was a registered dentist.
The Banker has also made infrequent and obscure visual appearances, which usually serve to exaggerate his reputation as only caring about his money. On 25 December 2006, at the end of the show, a brief shot from behind of a man in a suit and hat was switching off his television after watching the contestants sing Christmas carols. Other short comical appearances followed, and on 20 October 2011, he said he was going to appear in person to make his offer. However, when he came out it looked like he was hiding under a cloak, until Helen, a woman from the audience unveiled him to see a man called Alex. The Banker then revealed it was just a fake, and that Helen and Alex knew each other.
On several occasions the Banker's voice can be heard. He has been heard laughing manically, blowing kisses and imitating Basil Brush. Contestants have described his voice as sounding like 'a dirty phone call', old and sexy, rather like well spoken deep voiced fellow contestant Lance and 'the Scream man'. Edmonds has often imitated the Banker's voice in a deep Churchill tone. Short utterances or other audio from the Banker's end of the phone call can occasionally be heard by the viewer.
The Banker's voice was heard properly for the first time on 22 September 2010. In a twist to how boxes are usually chosen, the player offered the Banker the opportunity of choosing his next three boxes. The Banker accepted the offer and rather than talking to Edmonds over the phone, his deep, gravelly voice was heard making his choices through the studio speakers.
The Banker's personality is one of the most essential components of the show, and on many occasions has generated good or bad offers, gifts and surprises. Such surprises have included early box swaps, chances to double offers, offer increases, offer decreases and additional gifts. On some shows, The Banker has offered items such as a copy of the rules, 2 weeks of therapy, the book "How to Make Friends and Influence People", a loofa and "a train ticket back to wherever you came from". On 15 April 2006, The Banker doubled contestants Gabrielle's and Savvas' winnings, after they both revealed they would be donating the money to charity. The Banker has also played mind games with contestants by only offering box swaps, substantially low offers, decreasing offers and threats to other contestants. On some occasions, The Banker has given poems and gifts to the chosen contestant. These gifts have included a bottle of bubble bath, a mini replica of a "Deal or No Deal" box, a bunch of roses, a "Deal or No Deal" mug and champagne.
The episodes of "Deal or No Deal" are pre-recorded. The show is then broadcast constantly throughout the year including holidays, with weekday episodes airing from 4pm to 5pm. The show has aired episode on Sundays except for between 1 September 2013 and 5 January 2014. The show originally had a two-, four-, or six-week break in July–August, but this was dropped in 2012. While the show has a standard theme for most of the year, it has also broadcast several special episodes usually themed to particular events or national public holidays such as Christmas and Easter.
Season 9 began on 12 August 2013, with the show's first ever male £250,000 winner, Paddy Roberts.
Episodes have been broadcast as follows:
|Season||Start date||End date||Episodes
|1||31 October 2005||22 July 2006||234|
|2||28 August 2006||13 July 2007||278||500th show|
|3||13 August 2007||25 July 2008||299|
|4||25 August 2008||24 July 2009||287||1,000th show|
|5||24 August 2009||25 July 2010||288|
|6||23 August 2010||29 July 2011||294|
|7||15 August 2011||12 August 2012||300|
|8||13 August 2012||11 August 2013||308||2,000th show|
|9||12 August 2013||10 August 2014||TBA|
Each special episode of "Deal or No Deal" are seasonal and themed such as Halloween week, Anniversary specials, Guy Fawkes Night, Christmas specials, Valentine's Day/Love week, Easter weekend, Banker's Birthday week and Summer specials. All these special editions have a twist at 5-box with a chance for the player to win a holiday courtesy of a travel agency, for a chance to go forward one box at a time, for the Banker to have a look inside the player's boxes or for the game to carry on as normal without a downside. Once the Banker looks inside player's boxes the Banker often tells the player a certain amount is in their box, or that the box contains a low or high figure, either truthfully or untruthfully. Some special episodes from 2006 to 2007 had double amounts inside 22 boxes ranging from 2p to £500,000.
Celebrity Deal or No Deal
On 8 April 2012, Deal or No Deal started broadcasting celebrity editions of the show. These episodes saw famous faces including (in order of appearance) Jimmy Carr, Olly Murs (who originally won £10 the first time he was on the show), Sarah Millican, Louis Walsh, Peter Andre, Katie Price, McFly, Joan Collins, Jonathan Ross, JLS, and Gok Wan playing for charity. The highest win so far has been £70,000 by Louis Walsh, and the lowest has been 10p by Gok Wan.
Top prize winners
Seven contestants have won the £250,000 top prize.
- Laura Pearce (7 January 2007)
- Alice Mundy (12 March 2009)
- Suzanne Mulholland (13 May 2011)
- Tegen Roberts (22 September 2011)
- Nong Skett (5 August 2012)
- Paddy Roberts (12 August 2013)
- Roop Singh (12 February 2014 – could have won £500,000 if bought box 23)
When a player wins £250,000, confetti is released in the studio. It is customary for winners of the £250,000 prize to keep their box.
"Deal or No Deal" is made by Endemol and supported by BBC Studios and Post Production, a commercial subsidiary of the BBC. The studio set for the show was converted from an old paintworks factory and its associated warehouses in Bristol.
Channel 4 initially commissioned a run of 66 episodes, with filming beginning in October 2005, and the first episode broadcast at the end of the month. Channel 4 then commissioned a second filming period at the end of 2005.
By May 2006, episodes were being filmed Monday to Friday at a rate of 15 episodes a week. Three episodes are filmed in a day in two sessions, an afternoon one for one episode using one audience, and then two episodes filmed in the evening using a second audience. The studio operates from 9am to 10pm.
Having initially begun filming episodes just a few weeks in advance, each new period of filming now begins several months in advance, and at a rate of 15 episodes a week being filmed, the delay between filming and broadcast varies; it can end up being months between the filming date and broadcast date for a particular episode.
In October 2013 production moved to The Bottle Yard studios, which has been custom built to house the show, in Bristol. Filming for series 10 will begin on 28 October 2013 at the new location.
For a two week period starting on 10 October 2011, live episodes of the show were broadcast in place of the routine pre-recorded episodes.
In a review by columnist A. A. Gill, "Deal or No Deal" was described as "like putting heroin in your TV remote". Guardian television reviewer Charlie Brooker criticised the in-show implication that there are strategies that can be employed and pointed out that the game premise revolves around plain guessing while calling it "a gameshow based on the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics".
"Deal or No Deal" has consistently been the most watched programme in its slot for all UK channels for both daytime and primetime. It was named "Daytime Programme of the Year" at the Royal Television Society Awards on 14 March 2006, and "Best Daytime Programme" in the TV Quick Awards on 5 September 2006. The UK version also won the Rose d'Or award for "Best Game Show" at the 2006 Lucerne Television Festival. Edmonds was also nominated in the "Best Entertainment Performance" category at the 2006 BAFTA Television Awards. The show was voted "Best Daytime Programme" at the 2006 National Television Awards. Edmonds was also nominated for "Best Entertainment Presenter" at the same awards.
On 12 July 2012, the show announced at the end of the episode that it had now given away more than £30,000,000 of prize money, more than any other daytime show in the history of British television.
Currently, the show is sponsored by Anadin. Previously the game had been sponsored by Müller, King.com, BT and Jackpotjoy, who created a special "Deal or No Deal" themed advert break bingo game with a £250,500 prize: however, this was never won.
When "Deal Or No Deal" began, viewers were invited to phone in (at premium rate), use the Channel 4 website or enter by post (free of charge) to enter the competition, in which an audience member selects one of three boxes (coloured blue and separate from the boxes used in the main game), and a selected entrant wins the amount of money displayed in that box. The amounts on offer in the competition varied from day to day, but typically comprised two amounts in the low thousands of pounds and a top prize of £10,000 or more. On rare occasions, a 'match play' competition had been run in which the winning entrant received the same amount as the studio contestant instead of a prize being selected from the blue viewers' boxes; this once caused a viewer to win £70,000. Entry was open from the beginning of the second part of the show, when the winning box is chosen, to noon the next day, with the winner revealed at the beginning of the show seven days later.
Previously, the competition was only open for the duration of the show, with the box containing the prize being opened at the end of the show, and the winner's name announced thereafter. This was changed from the third Season in August 2007, following the premium-rate services operator ICSTIS imposing a £30,000 fine on iTouch, the company responsible for running the competition. It ruled that the competition was misleading since the impression was given that entrants stood a chance of winning any of the three amounts contained in the blue viewers' boxes, whereas in fact since the programme is pre-recorded, by the time of broadcast only one prize amount is possible. The altered format of the competition only opened the competition after the prize amount had been chosen.
Channel 4 had announced that, following a spate of revelations of improper conduct regarding premium-rate phone services across British television programmes (notably on "Richard & Judy"), it was scrapping all premium-rate phone competitions, with the single exception of "Deal or No Deal", with profits from the viewer's competition going to charity. As of 1 October 2007, the viewer's competition was cancelled. Edmonds informed the viewers that they will be giving the viewer's competition a rest for a while like all other viewer competitions on Channel 4. He thanked the viewers for entering the competition, and it has not yet returned.
Since August 2012, the show has undertaken product placement by incorporating the PG Tips logo into episodes. The logo is added digitally in post-production and appears on the contestants' coffee mugs.
A book called Can You Beat the Banker? (ISBN 0-09-191422-1) was released on 25 May 2006, which has descriptions of games from early episodes and the reader having to guess what the Banker's offers will be, and whether to "Deal" or "No Deal". Drumond Park have also released three games: a board game, an electronic game, and a handheld electronic game.
The Official Behind the Scenes Guide (ISBN 0-09-192006-X) was published on 26 October 2006, written by Noel and Charlotte Edmonds, Jane Phillimore, Richard Hague and Glenn Hugill. It features interviews with Edmonds, the Banker, and contestants, and has statistics for all players' games from Season 1.
A DVD TV game was released on 13 November 2006. Filmed in the "Deal or No Deal" studio, it features Edmonds and 21 contestants from Season 1 playing themselves, who open the boxes and give the player advice. The game's three modes are Single Player (played like the show), Player Vs Player (two players play rounds in turn), and Player Vs Banker (one player is the contestant, the other is the Banker, and gives offers to the player).
A card game has also been released. The 22 sums of money are shuffled, and placed on top of the 22 box numbers. The gameplay is similar to the Player Vs Banker mode on the DVD with one player being the player and another the Banker. Players then swap roles, and the one who takes more money is declared the winner. The card game is often sold in a special box-set alongside the DVD game. "Deal or No Deal" video games for the PC and Nintendo DS have also been released, as has a second DVD game on 19 November 2007, subtitled "Family Challenge", and featuring series 2 contestants.
Additionally, a Wii game and a second DS game, both titled, "Deal or No Deal: The Banker is back!" were released on 28 November 2008; a "Deal or No Deal" chocolate game is also available; an online version of the game is available on the website WeDigTV.com; and there is also a Facebook application called Deal Or No Deal LIVE!, in which a user can play with other people competing to get the highest amount out of the box. The player can build up through levels. There is also a chat function whilst playing. A quiz-based "Deal or No Deal" game also appears on a number of pub quiz machines.
In March 2012, with the series approaching its 2,000th episode and the format now broadcast in over 50 countries, senior Channel 4 executives were to meet with the Gambling Commission, who were preparing to issue new guidance in April 2012 on the implications of the Gambling Act 2005 for broadcasters and according to The Guardian, had concerns with the show. The newspaper claimed the show could be breaking the law as it did not involve any element of skill, with such non-skill games played for profit requiring a gambling license.
- "Behind the scenes of 'Deal Or No Deal' - Part 1". Digital Spy. 16 May 2006. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
- "Music producer scores a big 'deal' on TV show". Watford Observer (Newsquest). 10 May 2007. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- Cooke, Rachel (29 January 2006). "Saturday night fever". London: The Observer. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Ex-Corrie star outed as No Deal banker". The Manchester Evening News. 5 April 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-03.
- A Man Walks Into a Bar... Glenn Hugill
- "Feel or no feel". Exeposé. 20 November 2006. Retrieved 2007-04-01.
- "Free audience tickets for Series 10!". Deal or No Deal - Official Blog. 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2013-10-01.
- Brooker, Charlie (28 January 2006). "New Deal". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Royal Television Society Awards". London: The Guardian. 15 March 2006. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Doctor Who lands three TV awards". BBC News. 5 September 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-03.
- FRAPA Format Awards 2003–2010 from frapa.org. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- "The British Academy Television Awards: nominations in full". London: The Guardian. 27 March 2006. Retrieved 2007-09-30.
- "National TV Awards 2006 winners". BBC News. 31 October 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-03.
- "Edmonds makes TV award shortlist". BBC News. 16 October 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-03.
- "More Than says 'deal' to first ever TV show sponsorship" from postonline.co.uk. Published 24 February 2012 and retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "£30,000 fine for No Deal phone-in". BBC News. 9 August 2007. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- "Channel 4 axes phone-in contests". BBC News. 1 August 2007. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- Deal or No Deal: Channel 4 to face commission over gambling concerns
- Deal or No Deal at Channel4.com
- Deal or No Deal at UKGameshows.com
- Deal or No Deal UK Official UK Endemol Site
- Deal or No Deal Official International Endemol Site
- Deal or No Deal Bingo Official Deal or No Deal online game