Deals with the Devil in popular culture

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Christoph Haizmann’s 1677-78 votive painting (triptych). Left: Satan appears as a fine burgher, and Haizmann signs a pact with ink. Right: The devil reappears a year later and forces Haizmann to sign another pact with his own blood. Middle: The Virgin Mary makes the devil to return the second pact during an exorcism.

The idea of making a deal with the devil has appeared many times in works of popular culture. These pacts with the Devil can be found in many genres, including: books, music, comics, theater, movies, TV shows and games. When it comes to making a contract with the Devil, they all share the same prevailing desire, a mortal wants some worldly good for their own selfish gain, but in exchange, they must give up their soul for eternity.

Generally when Satan is depicted in these works, he is represented as a red-skinned man with horns or pointed ears on his head, hooves or bird-legs, a forked tail or one with a stinger, and a pitchfork. When trying to blend in or deceive somebody, often he is represented as a plain human being, and, in some instances, only his voice is heard.

The theme enjoyed a large run of popularity in the 20th century. At one point Anthony Boucher, editor of The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, "reported that fully 50 percent of his unsolicited submissions consisted of deal-with-the-devil stories or "formalities of the hereafter", which as often as not involved the Devil".[1]

In print[edit]

Comic books
Novels and short stories
Polish folklore legend Pan Twardowski and the devil by Michał Elwiro Andriolli
Poems

In film[edit]

  • American Satan (2017) An aspiring rock band who all drop out of college and move to Los Angeles to try to become famous.[42]
  • Angel Heart (1987): The devil tries to claim the soul he was promised by a man whose attempt to escape his deal resulted in him losing his memory.[43]
  • Bedazzled (1967): In this film, the main character exchanges his soul for seven wishes, each of which leads to disaster, only for him to escape the deal when the devil spares him out of pity.[43]
  • Bedazzled (2000), a remake of the aforementioned 1967 original, the main character making a different set of wishes that end when he uses his seventh and final wish to make an unselfish wish that negates his contract.[43]
  • Belladonna (1973), a film inspired by 19th century perceptions of medieval witchcraft, centres on a woman's pact with the devil.[44]
  • Constantine (2004): Having informed Satan of his son's attempted coup of Hell, Constantine asks Satan to repay their debt by releasing Isabel, the twin sister of Constantine's ally Angela, rather than simply asking Satan to bring him back to life. Satan's desire for Constantine's soul was thwarted upon the realization that Constantine's self-sacrifice earned him a place in Heaven, prompting Satan to allow Constantine's resurrection so that Constantine would have another chance to fall.[43]
  • Crossroads (1986): A young man attempts to investigate Robert Johnson's legend.[45]
  • The Day of the Beast (1995): A priest attempts to sell his soul to the devil so that he can be there for the birth of the Antichrist so he can kill him.
  • The Devil's Advocate (1997): A Florida attorney begins working for a law firm that is run by the devil.[43]
  • The Devil and Max Devlin (1981): A crooked landlord, now deceased and in Hell, is offered redemption by the devil if he succeeds in getting three others to forfeit their souls in exchange for his own.[46]
  • End of Days (1999): Satan offers to bring back the murdered family of ex-police officer Jericho Cane in exchange for information on a woman he is looking for.[47]
  • Faust (1994): Mixed live-action and animation, directed by Czech surrealist Jan Švankmajer.[48]
  • Faust: Love of the Damned (2000): A man sells his soul in order to get revenge on his girlfriend's killers, only to be turned into a demon in exchange.[49]
  • Ghost Rider (2007): A young stunt rider sells his soul to the interdimensional demon Mephisto to cure his father's cancer. As with Faust, Mephisto takes liberties with his end of the bargain, the stunt rider's father surviving his cancer only to die in an accident.[43]
  • Heartless (2009): Jamie Morgan makes a devil's deal with Pappa B to have his birthmarks removed and to live a normal life; in return he is suddenly informed that the terms of the deal can change whenever Pappa B wishes it.[50]
  • H-E Double Hockey Sticks (1999): A demon-in-training convinces a rising hockey star to sell him his soul for the Stanley Cup.[51]
  • The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus (2009): Doctor Parnassus, a prominent storyteller, made a deal with the devil that would allow him to keep telling his stories, unaware that the world would move past its interest in his narrative style.[43]
  • Little Shop of Horrors (1986): Audrey II offers Seymour riches and women in return for human sacrifice.[43]
  • The Mephisto Waltz (1971), people transferring their personalities from one body to another with Satan's help, each such change "paid for" by committing a murder.[52]
  • Needful Things (film) (1993), based on Stephen King's 1991 novel of the same name.[43]
  • O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000): A trio of chain gang escapees in Depression-era Mississippi encounter a black youth named Tommy Johnson, who claims to have sold his soul to the devil in exchange for being able to play the guitar.[43]
  • Pact with the Devil (2004): A modern retelling of the Oscar Wilde novel The Picture of Dorian Gray.
  • The Phantom of the Opera (1989): Erik Destler makes a deal by selling his soul to the devil in exchange for the world to love him for his music but came with a price: Destler's face became hideously disfigured.[53]
  • Phantom of the Paradise (1974): Swan makes a pact with the devil to remain youthful forever and photos will age and fester in his place.[43]
  • Poor Devil (1973), a TV movie about a minor devil (Sammy Davis Jr.) trying to get the soul of (Jack Klugman) on orders of Lucifer (Christopher Lee).[54]
  • Rosemary's Baby (1968): Guy Woodhouse offers his wife Rosemary to the devil for wealth and success, resulting in the birth of the Antichrist.[43]
  • Satan Triumphant (Russian: Сатана ликующий, translit. Satana likuyushchiy) (1917) Pastor Talnoх urges the flock to fight temptations, but he becomes a victim of temptation himself. Satan appears, pushing him to theft and spiritual fall.[55]
  • Shortcut to Happiness (2007): A modern film adaptation of the classic short story "The Devil and Daniel Webster".[56]
  • Sleepy Hollow (1999) Lady Van Tassel pledges her soul to Satan and becomes a witch. At the movie's climax, the Headless Horseman takes her into the underworld to fulfill her end of the deal.[57]
  • Spawn (1997): A military soldier/assassin sells his soul to a demon warlord named Malebolgia to become his eternal servant and leader of his army in Armageddon, in order to return to Earth to see his beloved fiancée, Wanda Blake.
  • Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005): In the metaphorical sense of the term, Anakin Skywalker pledges himself to the teachings of Darth Sidious to save his wife from the visions of death in childbirth he's been having, in that sense damning himself to get what he wants and becoming Darth Vader in return.[43]
  • The Temptation of Barbizon (French: La Tentatio)
  • Tenacious D in The Pick of Destiny (2006): A rock group quests for a pick that was once a tooth belonging to Satan, and which it is implied that all rock legends used to achieve their legendary status.[43]
  • The Toxic Avenger Part III: The Last Temptation of Toxie (1989): The Toxic Avenger made a deal with the devil in order to get money for the eye operation for his blind girlfriend, Claire.
  • The Transformers: The Movie (1986): Megatron makes a deal with Cybertron's version of the devil, named Unicron, in order to continue his "destiny" of galactic conquest, but in turn becomes his unwilling minion.[43]
  • Vox Lux (2018): In the final scene of this hyperstylized but otherwise realistic drama, the narrator reveals that the main character, Celeste, made a deal with the devil in order to both survive a school shooting and attain pop superstardom. Whether this should be read as literal truth or simply something Celeste herself believes to be true is left ambiguous.
  • The Witch (2015): Thomasin signs her name in the devil's book so that she can join a murderous coven of witches.[43]

In music[edit]

Illustration of the legend behind Giuseppe Tartini's "Devil's Trill Sonata".

Deals with the devil in music has been a constant figure in many genres, from classical music to heavy metal.[58]

Operas

In television[edit]

Animation
  • American Dad!, in episode "Permanent Record Wrecker", Roger makes a Faustian bargain with an infomercial star to learn to play guitar, in order to beat a hippie in a guitar challenge at his favorite coffee shop.[78]
  • Archer, in episode "Baby Shower", Sterling Archer refers to Kenny Loggins as a "possible Faustian deal-maker".[79]
  • The Devil and Daniel Mouse, a Canadian animated Halloween special based on the Washington Irving short story.[80]
  • Futurama, in episode "Hell is Other Robots", Bender is sent to Robot Hell for his sins. Fry and Leela enter Robot Hell to save him, where the Robot Devil tells them that the only way to win back Bender's soul is to beat him in a musical contest.[81] In episode "The Devil's Hands are Idle Playthings", Fry makes a deal with the Robot Devil so that Fry can play the holophonor and show his love for Leela.[82] In episode "Calculon 2.0" sees Fry and Bender make another deal with the Robot Devil to resurrect Calculon, their favourite actor, but the Robot Devil deliberately lets them win the deal as he is annoyed at Calculon's overly-dramatic nature.[83]
  • Gravity Falls, in episode Sock Opera, Dipper Pines makes a deal with Bill Cipher, a dream demon, and is tricked into exchanging his physical being for a secret password to a mysterious laptop.[84]
  • Metalocalypse, in episode "Bluesklok", the band is told to make a deal with the devil to get blues-playing skills.[85]
  • The Muppet Show, in a Halloween special that featured Alice Cooper playing an assistant to the Devil, Cooper attempts to sell the Muppets a contract that promises "fabulous riches and worldwide fame" in exchange for their souls. Of course Miss Piggy was most receptive to this Faustian deal.[86]
  • Puella Magi Madoka Magica and its adaptations contain many allusions to Goethe's Faust as the central motif of the series is the protagonists' "contracts" with the devil-like figure Kyuubey.[87]
  • The Simpsons, in Halloween episode "Treehouse of Horror IV", Homer makes a deal with the devil-who turns out to be Ned Flanders-to sell his soul for a doughnut.[12]
  • The Simpsons, in episode "Bart Sells His Soul", Bart sells his soul to Milhouse for $5.00 when he believes that it is worthless by writing down "BART SIMPSON'S SOUL" on a piece of his church's stationery. He has a change of heart after he experiences abnormal changes in his everyday life, and spends the episode searching for it. Milhouse had sold Bart's soul to the Comic Book Guy, who in turn sold it to Lisa, who bought it to return to Bart. When it is returned, he eats the paper to have his soul return to him.[88]
Live action
  • 666 Park Avenue, ABC series, portrays many pacts resembling deals with the devil.[89][90]
  • Brimstone, Fox series, Ezekiel Stone, a police detective who was killed and sent to Hell for murdering his wife's rapist, makes a deal with the devil to recapture escaped sinners from Hell in return for which he will be allowed a second chance at life.[91]
  • Charmed, in episode "Soul Survivor", Paige helps a businessman who sold his soul to a demon in exchange for success;[92] the first-season episode "The Wedding from Hell" sees a rich woman forced to deal with the consequences of a deal she made two decades ago when a powerful demon seeks to marry her eldest son and conceive a demonic child.[93]
  • The Collector, Canadian television series about a former monk who sold his soul to the devil in the 14th century.[94]
  • Friday the 13th: The Series, Lewis Vendredi made a deal with the devil to sell cursed antiques. When he broke the pact, the devil killed him and claimed his soul, leaving his niece Micki Foster and her cousin Ryan Dallion to find the cursed antiques and lock them away in the store's vault in order to neutralize their evil powers.[95]
  • G vs E, first season on USA Network, second season switched to Sci-Fi Channel, featured several people who made deals with the forces of evil. These people were known collectively as "Faustians".[96]
  • The Monkees (TV series), in episode "The Devil and Peter Tork", Tork comes across an ornate harp in a pawn shop. The proprietor of the shop, Mr. Zero (actually the Devil), allows him to take the harp home and pay for it later, so long as he signs a mysterious contract. The other Monkees engage in a court battle to save Peter's soul and convince the Devil that Peter does not need magic to play the harp.[97]
  • Reaper is about a young man, Sam Oliver, whose parents made a deal with the devil to save the father from a serious illness in exchange for the soul of their firstborn child. Oliver must now work as Satan's bounty hunter, or his mother's soul is forfeit.[98]
  • Saturday Night Live (season 12), (1986) hosted by Rosanna Arquette, (Skit "The Beautician and the Beast") Judge Wopner hears the case brought against Mr. Mephistopheles by beautician Vonda Braithewaite, who exchanged her soul for success in the hairdressing industry.[12]
  • Saturday Night Live (season 25), (1999) hosted by Garth Brooks, Brooks plays an average songwriter, who muses out loud that he would sell his soul to the devil for a hit tune. Will Ferrell, as a guitar-wielding devil, appears in a puff of smoke and they strike a deal.[12]
  • Sleepy Hollow (season 4), Malcolm Dreyfuss is revealed to have sold his soul to the devil after he drunk-drove his car into a tree and it went up in flames. Ichabod Crane also makes his own deal with the devil to defeat Dreyfuss, but expresses confidence that his allies will be able to help him find a way out of the deal.[99][100]
  • Star Trek: The Next Generation, in episode "Devil's Due", an alien planet's population had made an agreement with the devil, whereby their world's problems would be solved and they would have peace and prosperity for 1,000 years, in exchange for their servitude.[12]
  • Super Bowl commercial (2013), features Willem Dafoe as the Devil tempting a young man to make a deal in exchange for a Mercedes Benz.[101]
  • Supernatural features Crossroad Demons, who can be summoned by burying a box containing key items at crossroads, subsequently making a deal with the summoner where the demon will grant any request in exchange for the summoner's souls in 10 years' time.[12]
  • Trick or Treat, members of the public must sign a Faustian pact with Derren Brown and participate in a macabre game of Trick or Treat.[102]
  • The Twilight Zone, in episode "Escape Clause", David Wayne bargains his soul in exchange for immortality and winds up sentenced to life in prison.[12]
  • The Twilight Zone, in episode ("Printer's Devil"), a small town newspaper editor Robert Sterling makes a deal with the devil, Burgess Meredith where everything he writes on the linotype machine comes true in order to boost circulation and save the newspaper from going out of business.[103]

In games[edit]

  • The Binding of Isaac, the player can sell health to the devil in exchange for other in-game benefits in "Devil Rooms".[104]
  • Cuphead, the main characters lose a bet with the devil and owe him their souls. They make a different deal with the devil, where they can get out of losing their souls by collecting the souls of various monsters scattered around the map. Those monsters presumably owe their souls to the devil by some other means.[105]
  • Devil Maker: Tokyo, an anime-inspired role-playing card battle adventure set in Tokyo. The player's role in the game is a contractor – a person that has the capability to form contracts with devils to use them in a journey to bring light to the world.[106][107]
  • Guacamelee!, the primary antagonist Carlos Calaca, who was once a rodeo rider, broke his arm just before a competition, and then sold his soul to the Devil in order to have it healed before the competition, but right after winning, the Devil enacts his payment and drags him to hell.[108][109]
  • Magic: The Gathering features a powerful sorceress named Liliana Vess, who makes deals with numerous devils and demons in exchange for eternal youth as well as dark knowledge. After acquiring the power of the Chain Veil, however, she finds herself on a quest to free herself of these contracts.[110][111]
  • Soul series, Siegfried Schtauffen made a deal with the demonic sword Soul Edge for power and the ability to avenge his father's death, resulting in Soul Edge possessing him and turning him into the dark knight Nightmare. One of Siegfried's weapons is named Faust in reference to this story element.[112]
  • Tekken series, Kazuya Mishima makes a deal with the devil in order to obtain enough power to defeat his ruthless father, Heihachi. This deal has dire consequences, as it strips Kazuya of all the good within him, gives him a Devil Gene, and passes a Devil Gene onto his son, Jin Kazama, whose influence with the devil has made him into the main antagonist of Tekken 6.[113]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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