Dean, Cumbria

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Dean
St Oswald's Church, Dean.jpg
St. Oswald's Church, Dean
Dean is located in Cumbria
Dean
Dean
Dean shown within Cumbria
Population 1,227 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference NY0749225226
Civil parish
  • Dean
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Workington
Postcode district CA14
Dialling code 01946
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°36′50″N 3°26′10″W / 54.614°N 3.436°W / 54.614; -3.436Coordinates: 54°36′50″N 3°26′10″W / 54.614°N 3.436°W / 54.614; -3.436

Dean is a village and civil parish in the Allerdale District, in the county of Cumbria. Dean has a Church of England School, a church called St Oswald's Church, Dean and a pub. Nearby settlements include the town of Workington, the village of Ullock and the hamlet of Deanscales. Dean has a church called St Oswald's Church.[2]

Location[edit]

Dean is located on the west of Cumbria in Allerdale in the North West of England. Allerdale is on a minor road four miles south-west of Cockermouth, off the A5086. The A5086 is the nearest main road linking the Village of Dean to the rest of Cumbria. Dean is very close to the Lake District National Park with approximately 18.9miles, to the nearest tourist information centre. Dean lies on both sides of the River Marron which is formed by the union of several small streams.

The Village[edit]

The village contains The Royal Yew Inn,[3] which is a traditional country pub that serves food and real ales. Dean is also home to the Dean C of E Primary School,[4] which also serves three other small villages. Dean is situated in farming land; it has existed for a long time, dating back to the 12th century through the evidence of the 12th century church and a grammar school that was founded in 1596. Forms of agriculture in the 19th century include; wheat, oats and potatoes because of the fertile land. The Curwens of Workington were known to be the principle landowners in the area.

St Oswald's Church[edit]

St Oswald's Church, which is located on the edge of the village of Dean, dates back to the 12th century. Changes to the church were made in the 15th century with the addition of a chancel and a sanctuary in the 17th century. From 1967-1973 extensive renovations were carried out which included new oak pews and a pulpit.

Other features include the Norman font and the 15th century chancel windows. St Oswald's Church is one of three in Cumbria to have gargoyles. In the graveyard there are several ancient gravestones and a Preaching Cross, the base of which is 12th century or earlier and thought to have been used by the monks of Calder Abbey. The church has been built in blocks of calciferous sandstone and has green slate roofs.[5]

Etymology[edit]

'Dean' is from the Old English 'denu' meaning 'valley'.[6]

History[edit]

Records for Dean's housing and population go up to the 1961 census and they show that in 1961 there was a population of 710 with 214 houses. The census goes right back to 1831 and through the years you can see changes between the number of houses and population. Population in Dean has fluctuated between the 500s and the 700s between 1931 and 1961, having the highest population between 1821 and 1881.

Dean's housing has only every consisted of a couple hundred houses. Dean's housing however has been seen to also fluctuate, with a loss of 30 properties between 1901 and 1931. Despite the drop in houses the amount of properties in Dean has now risen to 214.[7]

Climate[edit]

The climate in Dean is that of the north west of England, which is exposed to large amounts of rainfall due to the fact that the region is home to high ground. Despite this though Dean is seen to be drier than the surrounding areas with less than 800mm of rain a year this is because it is benefitted by the rain shadow effect because of the high ground of North Wales and the Lake District. The coldest months for the area would be January and February but the warmest month would be July. Because North West England is among the more exposed parts of the UK, and relatively close to the Atlantic and containing large upland areas, Cumbria is subject to strong winds. The strongest winds can be felt most in the winter half of the year, especially from December to February.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  2. ^ http://www.visitcumbria.com/cm/dean-st-oswalds-church.htm. Retrieved 2012-04-10
  3. ^ http://www.royalyew.co.uk/. Retrieved 2012-04-10
  4. ^ http://www.dean.cumbria.sch.uk/index.php?category_id=-1. Retrieved 2012-04-10
  5. ^ http://www.visitcumbria.com/cm/dean-st-oswalds-church.htm. Retrieved 2012-04-10
  6. ^ Armstrong, A. M.; Mawer, A.; Stenton, F. M.; Dickens, B. (1950). The place-names of Cumberland. English Place-Name Society, vol.xxi. Part 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 366. 
  7. ^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-04-30
  8. ^ http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/nw/. Retrieved 2012-05-2

External links[edit]