Dean of the House (Canada)
In Canada, the Dean of the House is the Member of the House of Commons with the longest unbroken record of service who is not a Cabinet Minister, party Leader, House Leader or Whip. The Dean is responsible for presiding over the election of the Speaker of the House of Commons at the beginning of each Parliament. The position is the equivalent of the Father of the House in the British House of Commons.
List of Deans
|Member||Party||Entered House||Became Dean||Left House|
|John Costigan||Liberal-Conservative (until 1906)||1867||1896||1907|
|Liberal (after 1906)|
|Sir Wilfrid Laurier||Liberal||1874||1913||1919|
|Arthur Cardin||Liberal (until 1942)||1911||1941||1946|
|Independent (after 1942)|
|William Rowe||Progressive Conservative||1925||1955||1963|
|Paul Martin Sr.||Liberal||1935||1964||1968|
|John Diefenbaker||Progressive Conservative||1940||1968||1979|
|Walter Dinsdale||Progressive Conservative||1951||1979||1982|
|Robert Coates||Progressive Conservative||1957||1982||1988|
|Bill Blaikie||New Democrat||1979||2004||2008|
|Louis Plamondon||Bloc Québécois||1984||2008||incumbent|
Role in Electing the Speaker
Following a General election, or, the resignation or death of the sitting Speaker, the house meets to elect a new Speaker. This was started in 1986, however at the time, Speaker John Bosley presided. The first time the modern election system for speaker was used was in 1994.
During these elections, the Dean of the House takes the role of presiding officer. In 1994, following the 1993 election, Len Hopkins filled this role as Herb Gray, the longest serving member, was in Cabinet.
- Election of the Speaker of the House. House of Commons. Canada. March 2006. Last accessed July 1, 2009. 
- Campion-Smith, Bruce (May 16, 2007). "Veteran MP set to retire". The Toronto Star.
- Election of the Speaker of the House. House of Commons. Canada. March 2006. Last accessed May 17, 2015. 
- "Hansard", or Publications of the House of Commons, January 17, 1994, Debates (No. 1). Last accessed May 17, 2015. 
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