Dear Esther

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Dear Esther
Developer(s)The Chinese Room
Producer(s)Dan Pinchbeck
Programmer(s)Jack Morgan
Artist(s)Robert Briscoe
Writer(s)Dan Pinchbeck
Composer(s)Jessica Curry
ReleaseMicrosoft Windows
14 February 2012[1]
15 May 2012
PlayStation 4, Xbox One
20 September 2016
Genre(s)Exploration game, art game

Dear Esther is a first-person exploration and adventure video game developed by The Chinese Room for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. First released in 2008 as a free-to-play modification for the Source game engine, the game was entirely redeveloped for a commercial release in 2012. Featuring minimalistic gameplay, the player's only objective in the game is to explore an unnamed island in the Hebrides, Scotland, listening to a troubled man read a series of letters to his deceased wife. Details of her mysterious death are revealed as the player moves throughout the island.

The Chinese Room released a spiritual successor to Dear Esther, titled Everybody's Gone to the Rapture, in 2015.

In 2017, an updated version, Dear Esther: Landmark Edition was released, based on the Unity engine.[2]

Gameplay and plot[edit]

The gameplay in Dear Esther is minimal, with the only task being to explore an uninhabited Hebridean island, listening to an anonymous man read a series of letter fragments to his deceased wife, Esther. As the player reaches new locations on the island, the game plays a new letter fragment relating to that area. Different audio fragments are revealed in each playthrough of the game, presenting a slightly different narrative each time. Several other characters are referred to by the narrator: a man named Donnelly, who charted the island in the past;[3] Paul, who is suggested to be the drunk driver in the accident in which Esther died;[4] and a shepherd named Jakobson who lived on the island in the 18th century.[5] As the player explores the island, they find the derelict remains of buildings, a shipwreck, and a cave system whose walls are adorned with images resembling chemical diagrams, circuit diagrams, neurons and bacteria. At various points, a figure is seen walking away from the player in the distance, but disappears before they can be reached. As the game progresses, the identities of the characters become more blurred and the player is made to draw their own conclusions of the story.[6]


A screenshot showing the cave in Dear Esther. The game received praise from critics for its graphical detail.

The original rendition of Dear Esther was one of several Source Engine mods developed by The Chinese Room while the studio was still a research project at the University of Portsmouth. The project was funded by a grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Council and led by Dan Pinchbeck, a professor and lecturer at the university.[7] The story and script were composed by Pinchbeck, who cited the works of William S. Burroughs as influential in the writing: "... looking at the way William Burroughs worked structurally was a big influence, but also I was really interested in moving towards a quite image-heavy, symbolic, poetic use of language rather than the normal descriptive tone we find in games."[8]

Independent games artist Robert Briscoe began work on completely redeveloping Dear Esther in 2009, with the full support of Pinchbeck.[9] Briscoe and The Chinese Room worked in parallel on the game's remake, with much of the level design completed solely by Briscoe based on concept art done by Ben Andrews.[10] In redesigning the island's landscape, Briscoe aimed to eliminate the confusion caused by the original game's layout, and to fill out the environment with "richer, visually interesting" features to improve on the barren landscape of the original mod.[11] In March 2011, while the game was still in development, The Chinese Room lost the financial backing of the University it had theretofore relied on. The studio had needed the University to pay for the Source Engine license needed for a commercial release of the game, but the University's legal department was dissatisfied with the license agreement and refused to sign it.[12] The Chinese Room turned to the Indie Fund for finances, who were hesitant at first, but after playing a demo, agreed to fund the project.[12][13] The Fund's Ron Carmel stated "As soon as people started playing it, the tone of the conversation just completely shifted, and people were very much in favor of supporting this project".[13] Within six hours of the remastered release on Steam, over 16,000 units had been sold, allowing the developers to pay back the full Indie Fund investment.[14]

The voice of Dear Esther's narrator was performed by Nigel Carrington, whose script was extended for the remake.[15] The game's music was composed by Pinchbeck's wife, Jessica Curry, a freelance music composer and co-director of The Chinese Room. In the remake's development, Curry overhauled and re-orchestrated the score to be fuller and longer, featuring more instruments and reaching nearly double the length of the original soundtrack. The music of the original game was released for free on 8 July 2008, shortly after the mod itself was released,[16] and the remastered soundtrack was released on 14 February 2012, via, iTunes, and Bandcamp.[17]


Initial release[edit]

The original free-to-play release of Dear Esther was selected for the Animation Exhibition at the 2008 Prix Ars Electronica and made Mod DB's top 100 mods of 2008.[18] In 2009, the game won the award for Best World/Story at the IndieCade Independent Game awards.[19]

Reviewing the game for Honest Gamers in 2009, Lewis Denby praised the game's original tone, saying that the game "taps into an emotion that few games dare to approach: unhappiness" and stated that Curry's soundtrack created "an impressively ethereal atmosphere".[20] Despite commendations for its premise and story, the original mod release received complaints of poor level design and numerous glitches or bugs in moving about the terrain.[20][21]

Commercial release[edit]

The 2012 remastered Dear Esther has garnered mainly positive reviews from critics, receiving an average score of 75/100 based on 37 reviews on review aggregator Metacritic.[22] Despite questioning whether it truly constitutes a video game, reviewers praised the game's originality and commented favourably on the emphasis on the story; IGN stated that the game "will leave you feeling edified, contemplative, and possibly even emotionally moved."[28] Strategy Informer awarded the game 9/10, calling it "one of the most haunting and well-executed titles of this or any other generation."[31] However, critics were divided by the suitability of the video game medium for conveying the story of Dear Esther. Maxwell McGee of GameSpot claimed that "[the] story in Dear Esther works well in video game form—possibly more than as a book or movie." McGee went further to claim that "video games allow for pacing and discovery that would be impossible to reproduce elsewhere."[27] Reviewing for Destructoid, Allistair Pinsof claimed the opposite, stating that the game "would be better as a short film", although doubted whether "if Dear Esther were a short film, if its vague plot and predictable conclusion would be effective."[25] Eurogamer also offered criticism of the plot, calling the writing "purple in places and wantonly obscure in ways which will draw accusations of pretentiousness", and joked that "the [game's] tendency to deploy extended car metaphors occasionally steers the writing into oncoming traffic." However, the review commended the lasting impact of the story, stating that "its two-hour long chill will remain in your bones for a long while after."[26]

The limited interactivity between the player and the narrative in Dear Esther also divided reviewers. Destructoid's Pinsof stated that "[the] ironic thing is that the most pedestrian of stories can be convincing when coupled with intelligently applied interaction—something Dear Esther stubbornly stands against."[25] PC Gamer did not find the basic gameplay to be a problem, stating that "the lack of puzzles is necessary: it's crucial to the experience that you're allowed to keep moving at your own pace. […] Without puzzles, the visuals and narrative are allowed to take precedence."[6]

The level of detail in Dear Esther's environment was given broad praise by critics. Reviewing for bit-tech, Joe Martin called the game "a graphical masterpiece", commenting that "what gives Dear Esther's visuals such a poignant edge is how masterfully it extends the sense of loneliness and isolation that's conveyed in the script".[32] Writing for The Daily Telegraph, Tom Hoggins noted the effect of the game's more minor details, stating that "[the] broad strokes of Dear Esther's visuals are majestic, but the finer details on the landscape are the most revealing."[30]

At the 2012 Independent Games Festival, Dear Esther received the prize for "Excellence in Visual Arts".[33] In its 2012 Awards, Develop awarded Dear Esther the prize for "Best use of narrative".[34] At the TIGA Games Industry Awards 2012, the game won the "Originality Award" along with the prizes for "Best Action/Adventure game", "Best Visual Design", "Best Audio Design" and "Best Debut Game".[35] The game was nominated for five awards in the 9th British Academy Video Games Awards.[36]

As of September 2013, the game had sold over 850,000 copies.[37]


  1. ^ "Dear Esther on Steam". Steam. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  2. ^ "Dear Esther: Landmark Edition on Steam".
  3. ^ The Chinese Room (2012). Dear Esther (PC). Narrator: Reading Donnelly by the weak afternoon sunlight. He landed on the south side of the island, followed the path to the bay and climbed the mount. He did not find the caves and he did not chart the north side. I think this is why his understanding of the island is flawed, incomplete. He stood on the mount and only wondered momentarily how to descend. But then, he didn't have my reasons.
  4. ^ The Chinese Room (2012). Dear Esther (PC). Narrator: Is this what Paul saw through his windscreen? Not Lot's wife, looking over her shoulder, but a scar in the hillside, falling away to black, forever.
  5. ^ The Chinese Room (2012). Dear Esther (PC). Narrator: The bothy was constructed originally in the early 1700s. By then, shepherding had formalised into a career. The first habitual shepherd was a man called Jakobson, from a lineage of migratory Scandinavians. He was not considered a man of breeding by the mainlanders. He came here every summer whilst building the bothy, hoping, eventually, that becoming a man of property would secure him a wife and a lineage.
  6. ^ a b c Thursten, Chris (2012-02-13). "Dear Esther review". PC Gamer. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  7. ^ Oxford, Adam (2009-05-24). "Dear Esther: An open letter for story telling in games". Arts and Humanities Research Council. Retrieved 2018-12-09.
  8. ^ McMullan, Thomas (27 July 2014). "Where literature and gaming collide". Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  9. ^ Briscoe, Robert (2009-05-03). "Mods and the Motherland!". LittleLostPoly. Archived from the original on 2018-02-10. Retrieved 2011-12-08.
  10. ^ Briscoe, Robert (2009-05-24). "The Magic of Concept Art". LittleLostPoly. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
  11. ^ Briscoe, Robert (2009-05-10). "Smoothing out the Wrinkles". LittleLostPoly. Archived from the original on 2018-02-10. Retrieved 2012-03-06.
  12. ^ a b Briscoe, Robert (2012-11-06). "A Retrospective/Post-mortem on Dear Esther". LittleLostPoly. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  13. ^ a b Graft, Kris (2011-06-02). "Indie Fund Supports The Mesmerizing Dear Esther". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2012-03-06.
  14. ^ Yin-Poole, Wesley (2012-02-15). "Indie game Dear Esther profitable in less than six hours". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
  15. ^ Pinchbeck, Dan (2011-04-08). "Downloading in Background". Retrieved 2012-02-15.
  16. ^ "Dear Esther Soundtrack". ModDB. Retrieved 2012-04-12.
  17. ^ Curry, Jessica. "Dear Esther". Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  18. ^ "Top 100 Best Released Mods and Indies of 2008". Mod DB. Retrieved 2011-12-10.
  19. ^ "Dear Esther wins Best World/Story at IndieCade 2009". Mod DB. 2009-10-03. Retrieved 2011-12-08.
  20. ^ a b Denby, Lewis (2009-02-08). "Dear Esther review". Honest Gamers. Retrieved 2011-12-10.
  21. ^ "Dear Esther: esoteric epistles". Modmatic. 2008-07-16. Retrieved 2009-06-30.
  22. ^ a b "Dear Esther for PC Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2012-03-02.
  23. ^ "Dear Esther: Landmark Edition for PlayStation 4 Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  24. ^ "Dear Esther: Landmark Edition for Xbox One Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  25. ^ a b c Pinsof, Allistair (2012-02-13). "Review: Dear Esther". Destructoid. Retrieved 2012-03-29.
  26. ^ a b Davies, Marsh (2012-02-14). "Dear Esther Review". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  27. ^ a b McGee, Maxwell (2012-02-13). "Dear Esther Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2012-02-16. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  28. ^ a b MacDonald, Keza (2012-02-13). "Dear Esther Review". IGN. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
  29. ^ Cameron, Phill (2012-02-13). "Dear Esther review". Archived from the original on 2012-06-16. Retrieved 2012-04-12.
  30. ^ a b Hoggins, Tom (2012-03-05). "Dear Esther review". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-03-29.
  31. ^ Brown, Emmanuel. "Dear Esther Review". Strategy Informer. Archived from the original on 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2012-02-18.
  32. ^ Martin, Joe (2012-02-14). "Dear Esther Review". bit-tech. Retrieved 2012-03-29.
  33. ^ "2012 Independent Games Festival Winners". Independent Games Festival. Archived from the original on 2012-12-08. Retrieved 2012-03-29.
  34. ^ French, Michael (2012-07-12). "Industry's finest take top game dev honours". MCV. Develop. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  35. ^ "TIGA Games Industry Awards 2012 Winners Revealed". TIGA. Retrieved 2012-11-09.
  36. ^ Stuart, Keith (2013-02-12). "Bafta Video Game Awards 2013—nominees announced". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
  37. ^ Sigl, Rainer (11 September 2013). ""Games are architectures for an emotional experience" – An Interview with Dan Pinchbeck". Video Game Tourism. Retrieved 15 September 2013.