Dearborn County, Indiana

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Dearborn County, Indiana
Dearborn County Courthouse from the east.jpg
Dearborn County Courthouse
Map of Indiana highlighting Dearborn County
Location in the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1803
Named for Dr. Henry Dearborn
Seat Lawrenceburg
Largest city Lawrenceburg
Area
 • Total 307.42 sq mi (796 km2)
 • Land 305.03 sq mi (790 km2)
 • Water 2.38 sq mi (6 km2), 0.77%
Population
 • (2010) 50,047
 • Density 164/sq mi (63.31/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.dearborncounty.org
Footnotes: Indiana county number 15
Lawrenceburg on the Ohio River, from the air. AEP's Tanner's Creek Generating Station at lower-left.

Dearborn County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. In 2010, the population was 50,047.[1] The county seat and largest city is Lawrenceburg.[2]

Dearborn County is part of the Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Dearborn County was formed in 1803.[3] It was named for Dr. Henry Dearborn.[4] Dearborn was U.S. Secretary of War at the time the county was named. Early growth was centered on Lawrenceburg which was an important railroad junction connecting two of the regions major rail lines.[5]

Dearborn County originally included what is now Ohio County when it was organized in 1803. Lawrenceburg was then designated as the county seat. However, from the start, a contention existed between the towns of Lawrenceburg and Rising Sun over that designation. The contention between the two towns was resolved in 1844 when the Indiana State legislature separated the portion of Dearborn County south of Laughery Creek and created the new county of Ohio on March 1, 1844, with Rising Sun designated as its county seat.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 307.42 square miles (796.2 km2), of which 305.03 square miles (790.0 km2) (or 99.22%) is land and 2.38 square miles (6.2 km2) (or 0.77%) is water.[7] Part of the southeastern county line is formed by the Ohio River.

Dearborn County contains the Perfect North Slopes ski resort.[8]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Climate[edit]

In recent years, average temperatures in Lawrenceburg have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.94 inches (75 mm) in September to 5.53 inches (140 mm) in May.[9]

Lawrenceburg, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.5
 
 
38
21
 
 
3
 
 
44
24
 
 
4.4
 
 
54
31
 
 
4.4
 
 
64
39
 
 
5.5
 
 
74
49
 
 
4.6
 
 
82
58
 
 
4.6
 
 
86
63
 
 
4
 
 
85
62
 
 
2.9
 
 
79
55
 
 
3.2
 
 
67
43
 
 
3.8
 
 
55
35
 
 
3.7
 
 
43
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 7,310
1820 11,468 56.9%
1830 13,974 21.9%
1840 19,327 38.3%
1850 20,166 4.3%
1860 24,406 21.0%
1870 24,116 −1.2%
1880 26,671 10.6%
1890 23,364 −12.4%
1900 22,194 −5.0%
1910 21,396 −3.6%
1920 20,033 −6.4%
1930 21,056 5.1%
1940 23,053 9.5%
1950 25,141 9.1%
1960 28,674 14.1%
1970 29,430 2.6%
1980 34,291 16.5%
1990 38,835 13.3%
2000 46,109 18.7%
2010 50,047 8.5%
Est. 2016 49,331 [10] −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[1]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 50,047 people, 18,743 households and 13,773 families residing in the county.[15] The population density was 164.1 inhabitants per square mile (63.4/km2). There were 20,171 housing units at an average density of 66.1 per square mile (25.5/km2).[7] The racial makeup of the county was 97.5% white, 0.6% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 46.5% were German, 19.2% were Irish, 11.4% were English, and 7.8% were American.[16]

Of the 18,743 households, 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.5% were non-families, and 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 40.0 years.[15]

The median household income was $47,697 and the median family income was $66,561. Males had a median income of $45,270 and females $33,353. The per capita income was $25,023. About 4.5% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 75.5% 18,113 20.4% 4,883 4.1% 991
2012 68.9% 15,394 29.2% 6,528 1.9% 434
2008 67.0% 14,886 32.1% 7,123 0.9% 208
2004 67.9% 14,231 31.5% 6,596 0.7% 142
2000 64.9% 11,452 34.1% 6,020 1.0% 178
1996 50.6% 8,318 38.1% 6,269 11.3% 1,852
1992 44.8% 6,974 32.9% 5,116 22.3% 3,477
1988 61.6% 8,195 38.1% 5,066 0.4% 48
1984 64.7% 9,149 34.8% 4,920 0.5% 63
1980 56.4% 7,467 38.8% 5,135 4.9% 647
1976 49.0% 6,176 50.4% 6,348 0.6% 71
1972 64.7% 7,689 34.8% 4,137 0.5% 59
1968 48.7% 6,208 38.0% 4,842 13.4% 1,710
1964 41.5% 5,473 58.3% 7,699 0.2% 26
1960 55.0% 7,619 44.9% 6,216 0.1% 19
1956 56.4% 7,189 43.4% 5,535 0.2% 22
1952 54.8% 7,091 44.9% 5,810 0.3% 33
1948 46.7% 5,353 52.7% 6,040 0.6% 69
1944 51.3% 5,487 48.2% 5,157 0.4% 47
1940 49.3% 5,908 50.4% 6,038 0.3% 41
1936 41.5% 4,669 56.6% 6,366 2.0% 221
1932 41.8% 4,716 57.0% 6,429 1.2% 130
1928 58.5% 6,334 41.2% 4,459 0.3% 36
1924 48.1% 4,588 45.4% 4,330 6.5% 618
1920 50.7% 5,159 48.0% 4,884 1.4% 140
1916 42.2% 2,318 54.8% 3,010 3.1% 167
1912 25.9% 1,366 56.1% 2,957 17.9% 945
1908 41.8% 2,520 55.8% 3,365 2.4% 142
1904 43.0% 2,588 54.2% 3,264 2.8% 168
1900 42.0% 2,533 55.9% 3,371 2.1% 127
1896 44.8% 2,714 54.6% 3,313 0.6% 38
1892 39.2% 2,274 58.6% 3,397 2.2% 130
1888 42.3% 2,648 56.3% 3,531 1.4% 89

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[19][20]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[19][20]

Court: Dearborn County's courts consist of a Circuit Court (shared with Ohio County in the only such arrangement in the state[21]) and two Superior Courts. Judges are elected to six-year terms. Lawrenceburg and Aurora also have City Courts. Judges there serve four-year terms.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, prosecuting attorney, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation and to be residents of the county.[20]

Dearborn County is part of Indiana's 6th congressional district; Indiana Senate district 43;[22] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 55 and 68.[23]

Infrastructure[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dearborn County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ History of Dearborn and Ohio Counties, Indiana. F. E. Weakley. 1885. p. 111. 
  4. ^ "Profile for Dearborn County, Indiana, IN". ePodunk. Retrieved August 24, 2012. 
    - Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 102. 
  5. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 553. 
  6. ^ "More About Dearborn County". Indiana County History Preservation Society. Archived from the original on January 31, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Neighborhoods". Cincinnati magazine. Archived from the original on July 12, 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lawrenceburg, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  19. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2008. 
  20. ^ a b c Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2008. 
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-19. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  22. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved January 23, 2011. 
  23. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved January 23, 2011. 
  24. ^ "John Whiteaker". Find A Grave. Retrieved August 25, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°09′N 84°59′W / 39.15°N 84.98°W / 39.15; -84.98