2009 photograph of two Dearborn Homes buildings after being renovated.
|Location||Between 27th and 30th Streets, and State Street and Federal Street,
|Chicago Housing Authority|
Dearborn Homes is a Chicago Housing Authority (CHA) public housing project located in the Bronzeville neighborhood on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois. It is located on State Street between 27th and 30th Streets. It is one of only two housing projects that still exist from the State Street Corridor which included other CHA developments: Robert Taylor Homes, Stateway Gardens, Harold Ickes Homes and Hillard Homes. The project occupies 16 acres and consists of mid-rise, six-story, and nine-story buildings. They were designed in modernist style by Loebl, Schlossman & Bennett, with cruciform towers to allow for ventilation and light, placed in a parklike setting. There were 800 units.
Dearborn was the first Chicago housing project built after World War II, as housing for blacks on part of the Federal Street slum within the "black belt". It was the start of the Chicago Housing Authority's post-war use of high-rise buildings to accommodate more units at a lower overall cost, and when it opened in 1950, the first to have elevators.
While still unfinished, it was used to receive lower-income residents displaced by redevelopment; half the buildings were also increased in height by three floors when more money became available during construction. The buildings soon fell victim to vandalism; in 1958 a Chicago American reporter visited Dearborn and wrote of "torn window screens, mutilated storm doors, yards littered with garbage, . . . walls, doors, and casings marked by knife slashes and crayon marks; holes gouged in plaster; [and] obscenities scrawled on the stairway walls".
Crime and drugs
By 1980 the project was "notorious", a high-crime area where "[e]verybody live[d] in fear". The Mickey Cobras gang dominated the complex during the 2000s. In 2006, following an undercover drug conspiracy bust, numerous people living at and near the housing project died of overdoses from a potent form of heroin. Raids followed the deaths and resulted in 30 gang members' being arrested at the complex. On August 11, 2013, two men were shot in the complex, leaving one dead and the other wounded.
The Chicago Housing Authority is renovating the buildings, adding detailing—stone quoins and triangular ball-topped gables and metal porches—to give the original plain brick a neo-Georgian appearance, and has installed its first resident computer center there. The number of apartments will be reduced to 660.
- Dearborn Homes, Chicago Housing Authority
- Blair Kamin, "CHA architecture gets it right with Dearborn Homes: New limestone decorations transform the buildings from hulking to inviting, and the update has improved the interior too," Cityscapes, Chicago Tribune, May 22, 2009; repr. "CHA Polishes Its Rough Edges: Architect dresses up the Dearborn Homes, Georgian Style, and Upgrades Living Spaces Inside," in Blair Kamin, Terror and Wonder: Architecture in a Tumultuous Age, Chicago: University of Chicago, 2010, ISBN 9780226423135, pp. 244–47.
- D. Bradford Hunt, Blueprint for Disaster: The Unraveling of Chicago Public Housing, Historical studies of urban America, Chicago: University of Chicago, 2009, ISBN 9780226360850, p. 123.
- Progressive Architecture 52 (1981) 57.
- Donna Leinwand, "Raids target gang ring behind deadly heroin," USA Today, June 22, 2006.
- Hunt, pp. 123–24
- Arnold R. Hirsch, Making the Second Ghetto: Race and Housing in Chicago, 1940–1960, Cambridge/London: Cambridge University, 1983; repr. Historical studies of urban America, Chicago: University of Chicago, 1998, ISBN 9780226342467, p. 123.
- Hunt, p. 124.
- qtd. in Hunt, p. 156.
- "Down but not out: despite illness, money woes, Chicago family manages to make ends meet," Ebony, August 1980, pp. 46+, pp. 47, 48.
- Frank Main, "Residents of Dearborn Homes protest surge of gang violence", Chicago Sun-Times, August 14, 2001.
- "Overdoses spur heroin investigation", Chicago Tribune, February 6, 2006.
- Donna Leinwand, "Raids target gang ring behind deadly heroin", USA Today, June 22, 2006.
- "2 killed, 14 hurt in shootings across Chicago", Chicago Tribune, August 11, 2013.
- Natalie Moore, Associated Press, "CHA opens first tech center in public housing," WBEZ, March 7, 2012.