Death Row Records

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Death Row Records
Parent company Entertainment One Music (current)
Godfather Entertainment, Time Warner, Interscope (former)
Founded 1991; 26 years ago (1991)
Founder Dr. Dre, The D.O.C., Dick Griffey, Suge Knight
Status Active
Genre Hip hop, R&B, gangsta rap
Country of origin United States
Location Los Angeles, California

Death Row is an American record company founded in 1991 by Dr. Dre, The D.O.C., Dick Griffey and Suge Knight. Many west coast artists were on the label such as Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Tupac Shakur, The Outlawz, MC Hammer, Young Soldierz, Sam Sneed, Michel'le, Jewell, RBX, The Lady of Rage, Danny Boy, DJ Quik, O.F.T.B., LBC Crew, and the rap group Tha Dogg Pound consisting of Kurupt, Daz Dillinger, Nate Dogg, Soopafly, and many others. Death Row Records was making $100 million a year and by 1996 most of the aforementioned artists departed from the label after the death of Shakur. The company filed for bankruptcy in 2006 and on January 15, 2009, was auctioned to entertainment development company WIDEawake Entertainment Group, Inc. for $18 million.[1][2]


In the late 1980s, producer Dr. Dre was a member of N.W.A, signed to friend Eazy E's Ruthless. As head of production at the label, Dre produced a large number of Ruthless projects, many of them high-selling; feeling the pressures of having to produce so many acts and feeling he was underpaid, Dr. Dre became frustrated with Ruthless.[3] After the departure of Ice Cube over financial disagreements with N.W.A. manager Jerry Heller,[4] Suge Knight and friend and fellow Ruthless artist The D.O.C. went over the books with a lawyer. Convinced that Heller was dishonest, they approached Dr. Dre about forming a label with them, away from Heller and Eazy-E.[5] Allegedly using strong-arm tactics, Knight was able to procure contracts from Eazy E for The D.O.C., Dr. Dre and Ruthless singer Michel'le.[6]

Knight approached Vanilla Ice, using management connections with Mario "Chocolate" Johnson, claiming Johnson had produced the song "Ice Ice Baby", and had not received royalties for it.[7] After consulting with Alex Roberts, who sources suggest was Suge Knight's connection to the underworld, Knight and 2 bodyguards arrived at The Palm in West Hollywood, where Van Winkle was eating. After shoving Van Winkle's bodyguards aside, Knight sat down in front of Van Winkle, staring at him before asking "How you doin'?"[7] Similar incidents were repeated on several occasions, including alleged attempts to lure Vanilla Ice into a van filled with Bloods and Crips, before Knight showed up at Vanilla Ice's hotel suite on the 15th floor of the Bel Age Hotel, accompanied by Johnson and a member of the Oakland Raiders. According to Vanilla Ice, Knight took him out on the balcony by himself, and implied he would throw Vanilla Ice off unless he signed the rights to the song over to Knight; Van Winkle's money helped fund Death Row.[7] At one time, Death Row was located at the intersection of Wilshire Blvd. and San Vicente Blvd.[8] Knight was seen on several occasions leaving Alex Roberts' home in Malibu. Knight approached Michael "Harry-O" Harris, a businessman incarcerated on drug and attempted murder charges. Through David Kenner, an attorney handling Harris's appeal, Harry-O set up Godfather, a parent company for the newly christened Death Row.[9]

International success and controversy[edit]

The Chronic and Ruthless Records feud[edit]

With the help of Kenner, Knight began signing young inner-city California artists and arranged for Death Row to handle the soundtrack for the 1992 film, Deep Cover. The single, "Deep Cover", established Dre as a solo artist and a young Snoop "Doggy" Dogg as his protege. Work soon began on The Chronic, Dr. Dre's solo album, which heavily featured Snoop and the rest of the label's core roster.

The album went on to sell 3 million records in the US,[10] establishing the West Coast in Hip Hop/Rap and popularizing the distinctive style of G-Funk.[11]


After finding solo success, Dr. Dre began crafting Snoop Dogg's debut album Doggystyle; the process took 2 years. Snoop's debut was released in 1993 due to public demand and high pressure from retailers. Though unfinished,[12] it outdid The Chronic at Quadruple Platinum,[13] and garnered similarly glowing reviews.[14] Soon after the release of the album, controversy began to hit the label; Snoop Dogg was charged with murder,[15] fueling the debate that politicians C. Delores Tucker and then-vice presidential candidate Dan Quayle sparked by denouncing Gangsta Rap as against American values, encouraging violence towards police officers, and degrading to Black women.

Signing Tupac and Suge Knight's rise[edit]

By 1995, the label began to flood with Suge Knight's cronies—friends and gang members fresh out of jail, as well as off-duty LAPD officers later implicated in the Rampart scandal working as security. Emboldened, Knight began taking more control of the label and further sought the spotlight, while Dr. Dre receded into the background, shying away from the violent atmosphere and Suge Knight's newfound volatility. Tucker's pressure to conform extended to a joint proposal by herself and a Warner executive to set up a record label with Knight to put out content-controlled Rap/Hip Hop music, which Knight billed as a breach of contract,[9] resulting in a switch in distribution from Time Warner to Interscope. At the 1995 The Source Awards, the Death Row roster's performance garnered a poor reception from the mainly East Coast audience; Knight also made comments pertaining to Bad Boy CEO Puff Daddy, sparking friction between the 2 labels (and, soon after, the 2 entire coasts). Soon Knight signed 2Pac, incarcerated on a sexual abuse conviction, after agreeing to post 2Pac's bail. At the same time, a rift between Michael and Lydia Harris and Suge and David Kenner began to grow, with the latter pair denying Harris's involvement in the company and refusing to take his phone calls.

Bad Boy feud and Dr. Dre's departure[edit]

2Pac began work on his Death Row album, kicking off his tenure by insulting The Notorious B.I.G., Junior M.A.F.I.A. and Puff Daddy, whom he accused of setting him up to be robbed and shot earlier that year, as well as Mobb Deep, Jay-Z, Prodigy, De La Soul, The Fugees and Nas. Tha Dogg Pound's debut album, Dogg Food, continued the label's streak of commercial successes; its members, rappers Kurupt and Daz Dillinger, then joined Snoop in ridiculing New York rappers with their single "New York, New York," featuring Snoop Dogg. The video, set in New York City, New York, was also heightened when the set was fired upon in a drive-by. After the shooting, Snoop Dogg and Tha Dogg Pound filmed scenes kicking down a building in New York. The single provoked a response called '"L.A., L.A." by East Coast rappers Capone-N-Noreaga, Tragedy Khadafi, and Mobb Deep.

Another report was that Sam Sneed was beaten in 1 of the label's meetings by a group of Death Row affiliates, led by Suge Knight and 2Pac. According to Daz Dillinger, the reason this happened was because Sam Sneed had too many East Coast Rappers in his Lady Heroin music video.[16] Disillusioned with the direction of Death Row, artists RBX and The D.O.C. chose to leave, after which Suge Knight exercised tighter control over the rest of the roster.[9] Dogg Food was not produced by Dr. Dre but was mixed by Dr. Dre, a further testament to Dre's dwindling involvement with his own label. Dr. Dre also grew tired of Knight's violence within the label, although he contributed toward 2 tracks on 2Pac's All Eyez on Me. The rest of the album, however, was mostly produced by Daz Dillinger and Johnny J, despite Dr. Dre being nominally titled as Executive Producer. Shakur's behavior reportedly became erratic as he continued his verbal wars with The Notorious B.I.G., Bad Boy, Puff Daddy, Mobb Deep, and Prodigy, including many violent confrontations with many of those rappers at some points. In 1996, due to the infighting, Dr. Dre left Death Row to form Aftermath which provoked 2Pac to turn on Dr. Dre.

M.C. Hammer's involvement and departure[edit]

Suge Knight's relationship with M.C. Hammer dates back to 1988. With the success of Hammer's 1994 album, The Funky Headhunter (featuring Tha Dogg Pound), M.C. Hammer signed with Death Row by 1995, along with Snoop Dogg and his close friend, 2Pac.[17] The label did not release the album of M.C. Hammer's music (titled Too Tight) while he had a career with them, although he did release versions of some tracks on his next album.[18][19] However, Hammer did record tracks with Shakur and others, most notably the song "Too Late Playa" (along with Big Daddy Kane and Danny Boy).[20][21] After the death of 2Pac in 1996, M.C. Hammer left Death Row.[22] He later explained his concern about this circumstance in an interview on Trinity since he was in Las Vegas, Nevada with 2Pac the night of his death.[23] Hammer released 2Pac's "Unconditional Love", on his Family Affair album, in 1998.

The friendship between Hammer, 2Pac, and Suge Knight were depicted in the television film, Too Legit: The MC Hammer Story (airing on VH1 in 2001).

Tupac Shakur's murder and Suge Knight's incarceration[edit]

Formerly a united front of artists, Death Row's roster fractured into separate camps. Daz, now head producer, worked on Snoop Dogg's second album Tha Doggfather, which featured Bad Azz and Techniec of his LBC Crew, Warren G and Nate Dogg of his group 213 and Tha Dogg Pound. 2Pac shut himself into the studio with Hurt-M-Badd and Big "D", crafting The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory - unlike All Eyez on Me, it was devoid of high profile Death Row guest appearances, instead showcasing The Outlawz and Bad Azz. Suge Knight was now barely reachable by his staff, and employees were assaulted as punishment for not following orders.[12]

During a trip to Las Vegas, Nevada for a Mike Tyson fight, 2Pac was interviewed on the possibility of Death Row East, an East Coast branch of Death Row. It was also during this time, that Alex Roberts and David Kenner had been seen at Suge Knight's Vegas Club 662 in discussion about the possibility of having Roberts' New York underworld connections help pave the way for Death Row East. Though names from Big Daddy Kane and The Wu-Tang Clan to Eric B. and K-Solo were mentioned, the label would never be formed; On September 7, 1996, Suge Knight and 2Pac were caught on surveillance camera at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas attacking gang member Orlando Anderson who was a Southside Compton, California Crip (which was also rumored to provide security for Bad Boy artists). Later that night, 2Pac was shot 4 times in a drive-by shooting while in a car Suge Knight was driving as they headed to Knight's Las Vegas Club 662;[24][25] despite living six days in critical condition, 2Pac died September 13, 1996.

Shakur's "The Don Killuminati: 7 Day Theory" was released in November 1996, just 1 week before Snoop Dogg's "Tha Doggfather". Although both albums went to Platinum sales, the impact on Death Row had started to mount; Suge Knight was convicted of parole violation and sentenced to 9 years' prison time, causing Interscope to drop its distribution deal with the label.[26] Suge Knight's control over the label diminished, as Nate Dogg was able to leave, followed by Snoop Dogg and Kurupt; after the release of their solo albums, Daz Dillinger and The Lady of Rage left. Daz Dillinger would later depart in 1999 but produced for Big C-Style, he later formed Dogg Pound Records. Kurupt returned to the label in 2002 upon Suge Knight's release from prison.[27]


2nd generation exodus[edit]

Maintaining artistic control from behind bars, Suge Knight launched smear campaigns against his former artists, most notably Snoop Dogg. The label supported itself with releases pulled from vaults—most successfully various posthumous 2Pac albums, along with Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg re-releases and then-unreleased compilation records such as Suge Knight Represents: Chronic 2000 and Snoop Dogg: Dead Man Walkin. He signed new talent, including Crooked I who had been lighting up the Californian underground with his rhyming ability, particularly the Wake Up Show with Sway & King Tech. Suge Knight also signed Left Eye. He also appointed Cold 187um head producer, to oversee the 2Pac album Until the End of Time and Tha Dogg Pound 's 2002.

Despite bad blood, Kurupt would again sign with Suge Knight in exchange for the position of Vice President, which sparked a feud between himself and Daz Dillinger and Snoop Dogg. He began work on Against tha Grain; his verbal feud with his former partners continued from 2002 to 2005.[28] Left Eye signed with Death Row after finishing her solo deal with Arista who released her 1st album Supernova in 2001. Lopez joined to record a 2nd solo album under the pseudonym N.I.N.A. (New Identity Not Applicable) she was also working on TLC's new album 3D. N.I.N.A. was cancelled after her death in April 2002. The album was leaked online in 2011.

After promoting his new talent from prison, directing a campaign against his former artists and exacerbating the conflict between Daz Dillinger and Kurupt,[29] Suge had still yet to release any albums by his new artists. After Kurupt's 2nd departure, Against tha Grain was released; soon after, citing dissatisfaction with serving 5 years on the label and seeing no release,[30] Rapper Crooked I left Death Row, eventually filing a gag order on Knight to prevent him from interfering with him finding a new deal.[31] Petey Pablo, who had signed in 2005 and started the never-released album Same Eyez on Me,[32] left along with rapper Tha Realest[33] in 2006.

From WIDEawake acquisition to E1[edit]

On January 15, 2009, Death Row was successfully auctioned to entertainment development company WIDEawake for $18 million USD. On January 25, 2009, an auction was held for everything found in the Death Row office after it filed for bankruptcy. Of note was the Death Row electric chair which went for $2500 USD.[34]

Since the acquisition, the company has continued to release material from its vast archives of materials acquired in the sale. Noteworthy releases include previously unreleased material from such artists as Snoop Dogg, Kurupt, Danny Boy, Crooked I, Sam Sneed, LBC Crew and O.F.T.B. Since the acquisition of the material, Money Mafia-Death Row, under the management of WIDEawake , has made many positive steps towards improving the image of Death Row by making good on its promise to make royalty payments to many of the various artists, producers, and songwriters with commercially released material under the label. On "Record Store Day" April 18, 2012, the label has issued a free Death Row "Record Store Day" CD sampler which included music from Petey Pablo and Danny Boy

"The Chronic Re-Lit" was released on September 1, 2009. The album contained the original The Chronic album re-mastered and 7 bonus songs from the vault by Snoop Doggy Dogg, CPO, Kurupt, Jewell, and more; plus a DVD containing music videos, a rare Dr. Dre interview, a Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg mini movie, and rare 1992 television commercials for the original The Chronic release.[35][36]

"Snoop Doggy Dogg – Death Row The Lost Sessions Vol 1"[37] was released October 13, 2009 and contains 15 previously unreleased tracks with 4 being produced by Dr. Dre.

"Death Row The Ultimate Collection"[38] was released on November 24 and was a special box set containing 3 audio CDs (1 greatest hits disc and 2 discs of unreleased content), 1 DVD of music videos which includes the unreleased Dr. Dre music video "Puffin' On Blunts" and a limited edition Death Row T-shirt. The set boasts over 20 unreleased tracks from the likes of: Snoop Doggy Dogg, Tha Dogg Pound, The Lady of Rage, and Petey Pablo. During this period, there was a specific distribution venture between E1 and Wideawake Death Row LLC.

In 2012, New Solutions Financial Corp., a Canadian company that owns WIDEawake Death Row, has gone bankrupt and is selling both the label and catalog to a publicly held company. The deal closed on December 10th.[39] In 2013, E1 purchased the rights to the Death Row catalog, representing 1 of the most successful urban genre catalogs in the music industry. The Group invested £175 million in content rights and television programmes in the year (2012: £135.8 million) and £4.2 million (6 million $) to purchase the iconic music library assets of Death Row.[40]

Former Artists[edit]


Album information
Dr. DreThe Chronic
Snoop Doggy DoggDoggystyle
Soundtrack – Above the Rim (soundtrack)
  • Released: March 22, 1994
  • Chart positions: No.2 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 2x Platinum
  • Singles: "Regulate", "Anything", "Afro Puffs", "Part-Time Lover"
Soundtrack – Murder Was The Case
Tha Dogg PoundDogg Food
  • Released: October 31, 1995
  • Chart positions: No.1 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 2x Platinum
  • Singles: "Respect", "Let's Play House", "New York, New York"
2PacAll Eyez On Me
Makaveli (2Pac) – The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory
Snoop Doggy DoggTha Doggfather
Various – Death Row Greatest Hits
  • Released: November 26, 1996
  • Chart positions: No.36 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles:
Death Row artists – Christmas on Death Row
  • Released: December 5, 1996
  • Chart positions: No.155 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Santa Clause Goes Straight to the Ghetto"
Soundtrack – Gridlock'd (soundtrack)
  • Released: January 28, 1997
  • Chart positions: No.1 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: Platinum
  • Singles: "Wanted Dead or Alive", "Lady Heroin", "It's Over Now"
Lady of RageNecessary Roughness
  • Released: June 4, 1997
  • Chart positions: No.32
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Sho Shot", "Get Wit' Da Wickedness"
Soundtrack – Gang Related (soundtrack)
  • Released: October 7, 1997
  • Chart positions: No.2 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 2x platinum
  • Singles: "Made Niggaz"
Daz DillingerRetaliation, Revenge and Get Back
  • Released: March 31, 1998
  • Chart positions: No.8 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "In California", "It Might Sound Crazy"
Michel'leHung Jury
  • Released: August 24, 1998
  • Chart positions: No.56 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Hang Tyme", "Can I Get A Witness?"
2PacGreatest Hits
  • Released: November 24, 1998
  • Chart positions: No.3 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: Diamond (10x Platinum)
  • Singles: "Changes", "Unconditional Love"
Death Row artists – Suge Knight Represents: Chronic 2000
  • Released: April 27, 1999
  • Chart positions: No.11 Billboard
  • RIAA certifications:
  • Singles: "Who Do U Believe In?", "Like It or Not"
Death Row artists – Too Gangsta for Radio
  • Released: September 26, 2000
  • Chart positions: No.171 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Thug Nature"
Snoop Doggy DoggDead Man Walkin'
  • Released: October 31, 2000
  • Chart positions: No.24 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Head Doctor"
Tha Dogg Pound2002
  • Released: July 31, 2001
  • Chart positions: No.36 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Just Doggin'"
Snoop Doggy DoggDeath Row: Snoop Doggy Dogg at His Best
  • Released: October 23, 2001
  • Chart positions: No.28 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Midnight Love"
2PacUntil the End of Time
2PacBetter Dayz
SoundtrackDysfunktional Family (Soundtrack)
  • Released: March 11, 2003
  • Chart positions: No.95 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles:
Yaki Kadafi - Son Rize Vol. 1
  • Released: 2004
  • Chart positions:
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles:
Death Row artists – 15 Years on Death Row
  • Released: December 26, 2006
  • Chart positions:
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles:
Various Artists – Death Row: The Singles Collection
  • Released: June 26, 2007
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
Dr. DreThe Chronic Re-Lit
  • Released: September 1, 2009
  • Chart positions:
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: ""
Snoop Doggy DoggDeath Row: The Lost Sessions Vol. 1
  • Released: October 13, 2009
  • Chart positions:No.129 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Fallin Asleep On Death Row"
Various Artists – The Ultimate Box Set
  • Released: November 24, 2009
  • Chart positions:
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: ""
KuruptDown & Dirty
  • Released: April 9, 2010
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
Danny BoyIt's About Time
  • Released: April 20, 2010
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles: "All About You"
Crooked IHood Star
  • Released: June 16, 2010
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
Sam SneedStreet Scholars
  • Released: January 25, 2011
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles: "Lady Heroin", "New World Order", "The Exodus"
LBC CrewHaven't You Heard...
  • Released: February 8, 2011
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
Snoop Doggy DoggThree Disc Collection: Tha Doggfather, Death Row: The Lost Sessions Vol. 1 & Murder Was The Case
  • Released: March 8, 2011
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
O.F.T.B.Damn Near Dead
  • Released: July 12, 2011
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles: "Check Yo Hood"
JewellMy Blood, My Sweat, My Tears
  • Released: TBC, October 2011
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
JewellBlack Diamond
  • Released: TBC, November 2011
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
Various Artists - 20 To Life: Volume 1
  • Released: May 10, 2012
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
Tha Dogg Pound - Doggy Bag
  • Released: July 3, 2012
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
Various Artists - 20 To Life: Volume 2
  • Released: September 25, 2012
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Tha Row Records - Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on Tha Row Records". 
  2. ^ HipHopDX (February 6, 2008). "Warner To Acquire Death Row Records?". HipHopDX. 
  3. ^ Ruthless (Heller/Reavill, 2007) ISBN 1-4169-1794-2
  4. ^ Ice Cube: Attitude (McIver, 2002) ISBN 1-86074-428-1
  5. ^ [1][dead link]
  6. ^ "Erotic D Interview- Part 1 (June 2008)". Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c Sullivan, Randall (2003). LAbyrinth: A Detective Investigates the Murders of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G., the Implication of Death Row Records' Suge Knight, and the Origins of the Los Angeles Police Scandal. Grove Press. p. 56. ISBN 0-8021-3971-X. 
  8. ^ Fischer, Blair R. (March 12, 1998). "To The Extreme and Back". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 14, 2008. 
  9. ^ a b c scottgrib (September 25, 2001). "Welcome to Death Row (Video 2001)". IMDb. 
  10. ^ Recording Industry Association of America Archived October 17, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.. RIAA. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  11. ^ Jon Pareles (November 14, 1999). Music; Still Tough, Still Authentic. Still Relevant?. The New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
  12. ^ a b Rollin' With Dre: The Unauthorized Account: An Insider's Tale of the Rise, Fall, and Rebirth of West Coast Hip Hop (Williams/Alexander, 2008) ISBN 0-345-49822-4
  13. ^ Recording Industry Association of America. RIAA. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  14. ^
  15. ^ Snoop Doggy Dogg Trial: 1995–96 – A Rising Rap Star, Murder Was The Charge, Jury Frees Snoop Dogg, Suggestions For Further Reading. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  16. ^ "Rap Research Archive". 
  17. ^ "MC Hammer Interview - part 1". June 1997. Retrieved March 20, 2009. 
  18. ^ "MC Hammer". MTV. 
  19. ^ "MC Hammer". MTV. 
  20. ^ "2pac Too Late Playa Feat Mc Hammer, Big Daddy Kane, Nutt-so Danny Boy". Retrieved 2011-05-10. 
  21. ^ Burgess, Omar (2009-03-18). "Death Row Records: The Pardon | Rappers Talk Hip Hop Beef & Old School Hip Hop". HipHop DX. Retrieved 2011-05-10. 
  22. ^ "MC Hammer Interview - part 2". June 1997. Retrieved March 20, 2009. 
  23. ^ "What had happened was MC Hammer". March 2009. Archived from the original on January 6, 2010. 
  24. ^ Philips, Chuck (September 6, 2002). "Who Killed Tupac Shakur?". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  25. ^ Philips, Chuck (September 7, 2002). "How Vegas police probe floundered in Tupac Shakur case". LA Times. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  26. ^ Interscope Music Group – Company History. In 1996, Alex Roberts was arrested at his home in Malibu and released on a $1million USD bond pending further investigation under a grand jury indictment involving organized crime ties including money laundering, extortion and racketeering charges. Fighting his case for 4 1/2 years out on bail he was finally taken into custody November 19th, 2001 in Los Angeles, California Superior Court and sentenced to state and federal charges amounting to 5 years of prison time. His refusal to cooperate with federal authorities also lead to any reduced sentence including his deportation to Europe even though he had been raised in the USA since birth holding dual citizenship. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  27. ^ Scott, Cathy. Las Vegas Sun, "The death of Tupac Shakur one year later", September 6, 1997
  28. ^ [2] Archived June 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  29. ^ Suge Knight Interview. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  30. ^ Life After Death Row: Crooked-I, Russel Simmons, Master P, Loon, Bun-B, WC, Jay Cee: Movies & TV. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  31. ^ Walker, Verbal. (February 21, 2005) Crooked I’s Restraining Order | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales. HipHop DX. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  32. ^ Moss, Corey. (July 25, 2005) Petey Pablo Eyez Tupac, Teams With Timbaland, Lil Jon – Music, Celebrity, Artist News. MTV. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  33. ^ Daily News – : Tha Realest Leaves Tha Row, Preparing Debut Album. (March 31, 2005). Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  34. ^ "Electric chair is hot item at Death Row Records auction". The Orange County Register. 
  35. ^ Discogs tracklist
  36. ^ Dr. Dre's Chronic Get Expanded Re-Release. Retrieved on August 19, 2009
  37. ^ mr said that he had been in the morning to you but I'm still waiting on the phone with the best thing about being able too see my friends and relatives Snoop Dogg – Death Row: The Lost Sessions Volume 1 | Read Hip Hop Reviews, Rap Reviews & Hip Hop Album Reviews. HipHop DX (October 13, 2009). Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  38. ^ Death Row Records To Release Box Set Including Work From Tupac, Snoop Dogg & Dr. Dre. Retrieved on July 11, 2011.
  39. ^ HipHopDX (December 5, 2012). "WIDEawake Death Row Records Reportedly Being Sold In Wake Of Parent Company's Bankruptcy". HipHopDX. 
  40. ^ "Results Announcement". 
  41. ^ "Dr. Dre: The Chronic". RIAA. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Have Gun Will Travel: The Spectacular Rise and Violent Fall of Death Row Records, Ronin Ro, Doubleday, 1998, 384 pages, ISBN 0-385-49134-4
  • Labyrinth: A Detective Investigates the Murders of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G., the Implications of Death Row Records' Suge by Randall Sullivan, Atlantic Monthly Press, April 2, 2002, 384 pages, ISBN 0-87113-838-7
  • The Killing of Tupac Shakur, by Cathy Scott, Huntington Press, 2002 (2nd ed), 235 pages, ISBN 0-929712-20-X
  • Welcome to Death Row, Director: S. Leigh Savidge & Jeff Scheftel, (Video) 2001

External links[edit]