Death and state funeral of Joseph Stalin
Stalin's funeral procession on Okhotny Ryad.
|Date||9 March 1953|
|Location||Red Square, Moscow, Soviet Union|
|Participants||Nikita Khrushchev, Georgy Malenkov, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lavrentiy Beria and other Soviet and foreign dignitaries|
On 5 March 1953, at 21:50 EET, Joseph Stalin, the second leader of the Soviet Union, died at the Kuntsevo Dacha aged 74 after suffering a stroke. After four days of national mourning, Stalin was given a state funeral and then buried in Lenin's Mausoleum on 9 March. Nikita Khrushchev, Georgy Malenkov, Vyacheslav Molotov and Lavrentiy Beria were in charge of organizing the funeral.
On 6 March, the coffin with Stalin's body was displayed at the Hall of Columns in the House of the Unions and it stayed there for three days. On 9 March, the body of Stalin was delivered to Red Square to be interred in Lenin's Mausoleum where he lay in state until 1961. Speeches were delivered by Khrushchev, Malenkov, Molotov, and Beria. After the speeches, pallbearers carried the coffin to the mausoleum. As Stalin's body was being put into the mausoleum, a military band played the Soviet National Anthem. After the anthem played, a military parade of the Moscow Garrison was held in Stalin's honor. In the public's efforts to pay their respects to Stalin's casket, a number of people died as they were crushed and trampled by the amassed crowd. Khrushchev provided an estimate that 109 people died in the crowd.
Foreign dignitaries in attendance
- Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej – President of the State Council and Prime Minister of Romania, General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party
- Bolesław Bierut – Prime Minister of Poland, Secretary General of the Polish United Workers' Party
- Konstantin Rokossovsky – Defence Minister of Poland
- Walter Ulbricht – First Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany, Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the German Democratic Republic
- Dolores Ibárruri – General Secretary of the Communist Party of Spain
- Otto Grotewohl – Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the German Democratic Republic
- Max Reimann – Chairman of the West German Communist Party
- Valko Chervenkov – Prime Minister of Bulgaria, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Bulgaria
- Mátyás Rákosi – General Secretary of the Hungarian Working People's Party
- Pietro Nenni – Secretary of the Italian Socialist Party
- Palmiro Togliatti – General Secretary of the Italian Communist Party
- Jacques Duclos – Interim General Secretary of the French Communist Party
- Klement Gottwald – President of Czechoslovakia, Chairman of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
- Spiro Koleka – Vice-Premier of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania
- Zhou Enlai – Premier of the People's Republic of China
- Urho Kekkonen – Prime Minister of Finland
- Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal – Prime Minister of Mongolia
- Harry Pollitt – General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain
- Johann Koplenig – Chairman of the Communist Party of Austria
- Alexander Ganjushin (6 March 2013). "Joseph Stalin's funeral: how it happened". Rossiyskaya Gazeta. Retrieved 17 January 2018 – via Russia Beyond.
On 6 March, the coffin with Stalin's body was displayed at the Hall of Columns in the House of Trade Unions.
- "Martin Manhoff archive". www.rferl.org.
- Alexander Ganjushin (5 March 2013). "Russia on the day of Stalin's funeral: A photo look back". Rossiyskaya Gazeta. Retrieved 17 January 2018 – via Russia Beyond.
On 9 March, Stalin's embalmed body was interred in the Lenin Mausoleum, which was called the Lenin–Stalin Mausoleum in 1953 to 1961.
- "Why Did Russia Move Stalin's Body?". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 2017-08-06.
- Evtushenko, Evgenii. "Mourners Crushed at Stalin's Funeral". Seventeen Moments in Soviet History. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
- Khlevniuk, Oleg (2017). Stalin: New Biography of a Dictator. Yale University Press. ISBN 0300219784.
- "Mourning of millions". Ogoniok issue 11 (1344). 1953-03-15.
- "Kun Josif Stalin kuoli – näin Urho Kekkonen ryntäsi tilaisuuteen" (in Finnish). 18 October 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
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