Death of Gram Parsons
|Date||September 19, 1973(official record)|
|Time||00:15 (official record)|
|Location||Joshua Tree Inn, near Joshua Tree National Park|
|Cause||"Drug toxicity, days, due to multiple drug use, weeks"|
|Burial||1973 at Garden of Memories Cemetery, New Orleans, Louisiana|
Gram Parsons died on September 18, 1973, in room eight of the Joshua Tree Inn, near Joshua Tree National Park. Encouraged by his road manager Phil Kaufman, Parsons again visited the park after completing his latest recording sessions. Earlier, he had confessed to Kaufman his wish to be cremated and his ashes scattered in the park in case he died.
Parsons traveled to Joshua Tree with his high school girlfriend, his assistant Michael Martin and Martin's girlfriend. Parsons spent time in the desert during the day and at local bars at night, consuming barbiturates and alcohol every day. On September 18, after being injected with morphine, Parsons overdosed. On September 19, he was declared dead on arrival at the hospital.
Following Parsons' death and in order to fulfill his desires, Kaufman and Martin arrived at Los Angeles International Airport in Martin's personal Cadillac Hearse impersonating mortuary workers. Under the impression that the pair had been hired by the Parsons family, Western Airlines released the body to them. They then took it to Joshua Tree and set it on fire. The burning casket was reported by campers to the local authorities, who investigated the incident and identified both perpetrators.
Parsons' body was partially cremated. His charred remains were recovered and returned to his family. Meanwhile, Kaufman and Martin were accused of grand theft and fined for burning the casket, while they also had to pay for Parsons' funeral. Parsons' remains were later buried in New Orleans at Garden of Memories on Airline Highway.
Background and Parsons' death
During the 1960s, as a member of the Flying Burrito Brothers, Gram Parsons became fascinated by Joshua Tree National Monument. The singer visited the park several times. During the recording sessions held in the summer of 1973 (later released on the album Grievous Angel, in 1974), Parsons had reduced his use of heroin, but retook the habit as the recording finished. Incited by his road manager, Phil Kaufman, Parsons went on a trip to Joshua Tree in September 1973. He was accompanied by Margaret Fisher (his high school girlfriend, with whom he had recently resumed his relationship); assistant Michael Martin and his girlfriend Dale McElroy. Parsons drove Martin and McElroy in his new Jaguar, while Fisher flew from San Francisco.
Kaufman later declared that Parsons' attorney was preparing divorce papers for him to serve them to Parsons' wife, Gretchen Burrell, while the singer was in Joshua Tree on September 20. The travelers stayed at the Joshua Tree Inn, room eight. During the trip, Parsons often retreated to the desert, while at nights the group would visit local bars, where he sat in with the bands. Excepting McElroy, he and his companions consumed alcohol and barbiturates in high amounts. On September 18, Martin drove back to Los Angeles to resupply the group with marijuana. Parsons purchased that night liquid morphine from an unknown girl, who injected him and Fisher. Parsons overdosed in Room 1. Fisher gave Parsons an ice-cube suppository, and later sat him in a cold shower. Instead of moving him around the room, she put him to bed back in Room 8 and went out to buy coffee to try and wake Parsons, leaving McElroy to watch over him. As his respirations became irregular and later ceased, McElroy attempted resuscitation. As she failed, Fisher tried again upon her return. After more failed attempts, they called an ambulance. Parsons was declared dead on his arrival at High Desert Memorial Hospital, 00:15 on September 19, 1973, in Yucca Valley, California.
Initially, the San Bernardino County coroner declared Parsons' death "natural causes, pending autopsy". An inconclusive autopsy was later performed. Fisher called Kaufman, who arrived to Joshua Tree on September 19. Fisher had cleared room 8 all of the drugs soon after Parsons' death, while Kaufman searched Parsons' car upon his arrival. Kaufman then drove Fisher and McElroy back to Los Angeles in Parsons' Jaguar, to evade the police in case they were looking for the two women.
Kaufman then proceeded to make phone calls to the San Bernardino Coroner's office and found out that the body was being moved to Los Angeles International Airport to be transferred to Western Airlines. He then called the company and was told that the body was to be shipped to New Orleans for the funeral. The embalmed body of Parsons was reported as stolen on September 20.
Kaufman and Martin had arrived at Los Angeles International Airport in McElroy's 1953 Cadillac Hearse and impersonated workers of a funeral parlor, claiming that Parsons' family had arranged for them to take the body to New Orleans via a chartered flight departing from Van Nuys Airport. The cargo manager could not find the transfer request among his papers, but assumed that it was a last-minute change and decided to release the body to the two men. Kaufman signed the papers as "Jeremy Nobody", and proceeded to request a patrolman who parked behind the hearse to move his car away so he could load the casket. The patrolman helped Kaufman and Martin, who were struggling to move the coffin. As a result of his nervousness in the presence of the patrolman and his previous consumption of alcohol, Martin drove the car into a wall of the hangar, in front of the officer. The patrolman evidently did not suspect them of any illegal activity, and the two left with Parsons' body.
Earlier that year, Kaufman and Parsons had attended Clarence White's funeral. After singing an impromptu rendition of the song "Farther Along" while the casket was lowered, Parsons told Kaufman "don't let this happen to me" and explained him his desires to be cremated and his ashes scattered in Joshua Tree. When they arrived to Joshua Tree, Kaufman opened the casket and poured in five gallons of gasoline, set the body on fire and left.
On their way back to Los Angeles, the two stopped to sleep off their drunkenness. When they woke up, the hearse did not start and Kaufman had to hike to reach a mechanical shop. The hearse started again after few repairs and the two returned to the road, where they were later involved in a car pile up on the highway and rear-ended another car. A police officer handcuffed them both when several beer cans fell from the vehicle as one of the doors opened. While the officer went to assure no other drivers were hurt in the accident, Martin slipped his hand out of the cuffs and fled with Kaufman. Since the officer did not take the driver's license of either one, nor even the license plate number, he could not identify them.
Following the body theft being reported, the casket was sighted burning by campers, who alerted park authorities. A green Western Airlines body bag was found beside the casket. The body was not thoroughly cremated, as 35 pounds remained. Witnesses reported seeing a hearse speeding away from the scene, recalling that other vehicles had been forced off the road. After mugshots of the believed perpetrators were shown to witnesses from the airport, Investigator Joe E. Hamilton declared that the police were close to identification. Kaufman and Martin were identified from the mugshots, arrested and charged with grand theft. While the two awaited judgment, the San Bernardino County Coroner declared to the press that Parsons' death was caused by "multiple drug abuse, in part due to overdose of whiskey, barbiturates and cocaine".
Kaufman and Martin were given thirty-day suspended jail sentences, fined $300 each for misdemeanor theft and charged $708 for funeral home expenses. Kaufman threw a benefit party to raise funds to pay the fines. The event was called "Kaufman's Koffin Kaper Koncert". Doctor Demento was the featured disc jockey, and beer bottles with the figure of Parsons on the label and the inscription "Gram Pilsner: A stiff drink for what ales you" were served.
A small family service was organized for the burial of Parsons in New Orleans. Shocked by the theft, failed cremation and the fund raiser, the family regarded it all as a Kaufman publicity stunt and denied there could have been any promise between Parsons and his manager. He was buried at Memorial Lawn Cemetery with the epitaph "God's Own Singer". Kaufman wrote about his experience stealing the body of Parsons in his autobiography, Road Mangler Deluxe. The events were loosely depicted in the 2003 film Grand Theft Parsons, starring Johnny Knoxville.
Joshua Tree National Park does not officially recognize Parsons' link to the park, and his memorial does not appear on the maps. Rangers are given the option to tell the story, but it does not appear on brochures either. While Parsons was incinerated a quarter mile away from Cap Rock, that location is often confused with the actual place where it happened. Makeshift memorials and inscriptions are found around the rock, and cleared by the park caretakers. Tourists and fans of Parsons visit the site, as well as the Joshua Tree Inn, where a guitar-shaped statue dedicated to Parsons can be found outside. Room 8 is reserved by the current owner for people who ask specifically to stay there for its relation to Parsons, and it is not offered to walk-in guests. The only remaining furniture from the time is a mirror found near the bed.
Parsons' former Burritos bandmate Bernie Leadon, who was in The Eagles at the time of Parsons' death, objected to the disrespectful way Kaufman cremated him in Joshua Tree, describing it as "a partial, unattended burning" and "not a proper cremation."
- Zarki, Joseph 2015, p. 116.
- Meyer, David 2008, p. 414.
- Meyer, David 2008, p. 415.
- Meyer, David 2008, p. 416.
- Meyer, David 2008, p. 418-19.
- Meyer, David 2008, p. 419.
- Meyer, David 2008, p. 420-22.
- Meyer, David 2008, p. 423.
- UPI staff 1973, p. 2.
- Associated Press staff 1973.
- Meyer, David 2008, p. 425.
- Meyer, David 2008, p. 426.
- Kannard, Brian 2009, p. 79.
- Kannard, Brian 2009, p. 80.
- Kannard, Brian 2009, p. 82.
- Kannard, Brian 2009, p. 83.
- UPI staff 2 1973, p. 20.
- Van Nuys News staff 1973, p. 23.
- UPI staff 3 1973, p. 48.
- UPI staff 4 1973, p. 4.
- Associated Press staff 2 1973, p. 3.
- Hundley & Parsons 2009, p. 252.
- Kannard, Brian 2009, p. 84.
- Meyer, David 2008, p. 435.
- Billboard staff 2001.
- Fulton, Robert 2013.
- Associated Press staff (1973). "Body Stolen From Airport". Standard-Speaker. Associated Press. Retrieved May 4, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Associated Press staff 2 (1973). "Men Fined in Burning". Statesville Record and Landmark. Associated Press. Retrieved May 4, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Billboard staff (2001). "Park Service Mulls Gram Parsons Memorial". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- Fulton, Robert (2013). "The Cult of Gram Parsons Lives on in Joshua Tree". L.A Weekly. LA Weekly, LP. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- Hundley, Jessica; Parsons, Polly (2009). Grievous Angel: An Intimate Biography of Gram Parsons. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-7867-3795-6.
- Kannard, Brian (2009). Skullduggery: 45 True Tales of Disturbing the Dead. ISBN 978-0-9829128-2-9.
- Meyer, David (2008). Twenty Thousand Roads: The Ballad of Gram Parsons and His Cosmic American Music. Random House. ISBN 978-0-345-50786-0.
- UPI staff (1973). "Singer Dies". The Lowell sun. UPI. Retrieved May 4, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- UPI staff 2 (1973). "Stolen, Body Cremated". Wisconsin State Journal. UPI. Retrieved May 4, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.
- UPI staff 3 (1973). "Body-theft suspect surrenders". Long Beach, California: Independent. UPI. Retrieved May 4, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- UPI staff 4 (1973). "Theft and Cremation of Body Investigated". Simpson's Leader-Times. UPI. Retrieved May 4, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Van Nuys News staff (1973). "Police Continue Probe of Casket-Theft Incident". The Van Nuys News. Los Angeles Times Company. Retrieved May 4, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Zarki, Joseph (2015). Joshua Tree National Park. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4671-3281-7.