Murders of Nicola Hughes and Fiona Bone

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Murder of Nicola Hughes and Fiona Bone
Three policeman stand near a large number of bouquets beside a road
Floral tributes near the crime scene
Location Mottram in Longdendale, Greater Manchester, England
Date 18 September 2012 (2012-09-18)
around 11 am
Target Greater Manchester Police
Weapons
Deaths 2
Victims Nicola Hughes
Fiona Bone

On 18 September 2012, Police Constables Nicola Hughes and Fiona Bone, two Greater Manchester Police officers, were killed by Dale Cregan in a gun and grenade ambush while responding to a report of a burglary in Greater Manchester, England.

The incident was the first on the island of Great Britain in which two female police officers were killed on duty. Greater Manchester's chief constable Peter Fahy called the attack "cold-blooded murder"[3] and British prime minister David Cameron described it as a "despicable act...of pure evil". The deaths renewed the debate about whether British police officers should be armed.[4]

On 12 February 2013, Cregan changed his plea to guilty in relation to the murder of the two police officers. Three months later he admitted to carrying out two separate murders in 2012, which were linked to a gangland feud in Manchester.[5][6]

Cregan was sentenced to a term of whole life imprisonment at Preston Crown Court on 13 June 2013.[7]

Incident[edit]

Fiona Bone, 32, and Nicola Hughes, 23, were on routine patrol on 18 September 2012 when they were sent to Abbey Gardens in the village of Mottram in Longdendale, within the borough of Tameside in Greater Manchester, at about 11 am, following a report of a burglary.[8] This was the result of a 999 emergency telephone call from a member of the public, which was later found to be the work of Dale Cregan, who had led the officers into a trap.[9] After arriving at the house where the burglary had been reported the officers came under attack, with 32 gunshots being fired from a Glock pistol within 31 seconds, and one M75 hand grenade being used.[1][2][10] One officer died at the scene while the other was badly wounded and died later in hospital.[11]

Arrest of killer[edit]

Dale Cregan, 29, was arrested by police after walking into a police station in Hyde an hour after Hughes and Bone were killed.[11] Cregan was wanted in connection with the murders of Mark Short, 23, who was shot dead in the Cotton Tree pub in Droylsden on 25 May 2012, and of his father David Short, 46, who was killed in a gun and grenade attack at his home on Folkstone Road East in Clayton on 10 August 2012.[12] Cregan was on bail after being arrested in June 2012 for questioning over the murder of Mark Short. Greater Manchester Police chief constable Peter Fahy defended the decision to grant bail, saying "It is absolutely normal in complex crime inquiries that when people are arrested there are occasions where there is insufficient evidence available for them to be charged."[13]

Cregan was later charged with the murders of Hughes, Bone and the Shorts, as well as four separate counts of attempted murder.[14] On 21 September 2012 Cregan appeared before magistrates and was remanded in custody. He appeared at Manchester crown court via video-link from Strangeways Prison, Manchester, on 24 September and he was further remanded.[15]

The case was adjourned until 5 November 2012, and on that date Cregan appeared via video-link at Liverpool Crown Court for a plea and case management hearing.[15] Cregan pleaded not guilty to the murders of Hughes and Bone.[16]

In February 2013 it was revealed Cregan had celebrated the night before with 'beer and cigars' since he 'knew it was his last night of freedom.' He walked into a police station after the murders, saying he had 'done two coppers' because police were 'hounding my family'. While Cregan stated that his only regret was that he killed female officers,[17] this was deemed "nonsense" by Chief Superintendent Nick Adderley, the divisional commander, who points out that Cregan had plenty of time to see that it was petite female officers approaching the door of the house.[18] On 12 February 2013, Cregan admitted in court that he had killed the officers.[19]

Reactions[edit]

The deaths of Hughes and Bone were met with shock and condemnation in the United Kingdom and other countries. The following day, a moment of silence was held by all of Greater Manchester Police at 11 am in remembrance of Hughes and Bone, and the Union Flag at the force's headquarters was lowered to fly at half-mast.

British prime minister David Cameron described the attack as "a shocking reminder of the debt we owe to those who put themselves in danger to keep us safe and secure". Chief Constable of Greater Manchester Police Peter Fahy described the officers as "two very brave and courageous colleagues who exemplified the very best of British policing". Manchester City Football Club lowered the flags outside their stadium to half-mast[20] and sent flowers of condolence to nearby Tameside.[21] They and the team they played against wore black armbands for one match and had a minute of silence. Manchester United Football Club players wore black armbands in their match against Galatasaray on 19 September 2012.[22] Then manager Sir Alex Ferguson attended the funerals, and said in a statement that the club was "deeply saddened by the tragic loss of two young policewomen protecting our community."[23][24]

Funerals[edit]

The funeral services of Hughes and Bone were held at Manchester Cathedral on consecutive days. The service for PC Hughes was held on Wednesday 3 October with the service broadcast to the outside crowds on a screen with an audio feed. The service for PC Bone was held on 4 October with, at the request of the deceased's family, only an audio feed available for the crowds outside the cathedral. Much of Manchester city centre came to a standstill and the services were attended by officers from around the country.[25][26] A memorial to the two officers is to be placed in Mottram Parish Church.[27]

Trial and subsequent events[edit]

The trial of Cregan began on 4 February 2013 at Preston Crown Court,[28] where he stood with nine co-accused charged with murder and attempted murder. Cregan had earlier pleaded not guilty to the murders of PC Nicola Hughes and PC Fiona Bone, and the murders of Mark Short and David Short, in an appearance by video link at Liverpool Crown Court.[29] Cregan changed his plea to guilty for the murders of the two police officers on 12 February 2013, and pleaded guilty on 22 May 2013 to the murders of father and son David and Mark Short.[5][19]

The killings of David and Mark Short were the culmination of a decade-long feud between two criminal families in Manchester, the Shorts and the Atkinsons, with whom Cregan was friendly.[30][31] The deaths of Fiona Bone, Nicola Hughes and David Short were the first time that a hand grenade had been used as a murder weapon in Britain.[32] On 13 June 2013, Cregan was cleared of the attempted murder of Sharon Hark.[33] On the same day, he was sentenced to life imprisonment for the four murders with a whole life order.[7]

In August 2013 it was reported that Cregan was on hunger strike.[34] He was moved to Ashworth Hospital in September 2013.[35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Scheerhout, John (13 June 2013). "Jailed for life: Police killer Dale Cregan will never be released from prison". Manchester Evening News. 
  2. ^ a b Scheerhout, John (1 March 2013). "As it happened: Dale Cregan trial - day 17". Manchester Evening News. 
  3. ^ "Dale Cregan held after policewomen killed in Manchester". BBC News. 18 September 2012. 
  4. ^ "As police defend bailing Dale Cregan, Bradford Wpc widower demands routine arming". Yorkshire Post. 19 September 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Dale Cregan admits father and son murders in Manchester". BBC News. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "Dale Cregan: the thrown bottle that led to the murders of policewomen". The Guardian. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Police killer Cregan jailed for life". BBC News. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  8. ^ Davies, Lizzy; Dodd, Vikram (18 September 2012). "Two police officers killed in Greater Manchester shooting". guardian.co.uk. London: Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 18 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "Dale Cregan 999 call to trap PCs". BBC News. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  10. ^ "Unarmed Policewomen Killed in Manchester". Sky News. 18 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012. 
  11. ^ a b Evans, Martin (18 September 2012). "Two female police officers shot dead in Manchester as man arrested". The Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group. 
  12. ^ "Timeline: Five-month chronology leading up to the arrest of Dale Cregan". Manchester Evening News. M.E.N. Media. 18 September 2012. 
  13. ^ "Manchester police killings: Dale Cregan was on bail". BBC News. 19 September 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "Dale Cregan charged over Greater Manchester police deaths". BBC News. 20 September 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  15. ^ a b Carter, Helen (24 September 2012). "Dale Cregan judge warns media, police and politicians to allow fair trial". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  16. ^ "Dale Cregan denies murdering Manchester police officers". The Guardian. 5 November 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  17. ^ Dale Cregan 'ordered beer and cigars' before PC murders BBC News, 8 February 2013.
  18. ^ "Dale Cregan". Crimes That Shook Britain. 2 September 2015. approximately (with commercials) 44:30 minutes in. 
  19. ^ a b "Dale Cregan trial: Defendant admits killing police officers". BBC News. BBC. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  20. ^ "Club pays respect to GMP officers". Manchester City F.C. 18 September 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2012. 
  21. ^ "Manchester United and Manchester City pay respects to police officers killed in gun and grenade attack". Manchester Evening News. M.E.N. Media. 19 September 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2012. 
  22. ^ "Reds to pay respects". Manchester United FC. 19 September 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  23. ^ "Policewomen murder suspect was on bail". Channel 4 News. 19 September 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  24. ^ "Pc Fiona Bone's funeral: thousands line the streets of Manchester to pay tribute to murdered officer". Daily Telegraph. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  25. ^ "PC Nicola Hughes' funeral held at Manchester Cathedral". BBC News. 3 October 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  26. ^ "PC Fiona Bone's funeral unites police and public in Manchester". The Guardian. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  27. ^ "Mottram Parish Church Police Memorial". JustGiving.com. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  28. ^ "Dale Cregan 'lured PCs to their death', court hears". BBC News. 7 February 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  29. ^ "Dale Cregan pleads not guilty to Manchester PC murders". BBC News. BBC. 5 November 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  30. ^ "Dale Cregan: The criminal feud that led to four murders". BBC News. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  31. ^ "Dale Cregan: How pub fight over football led to murder of two policewomen". Daily Telegraph. 14 June 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  32. ^ "Hand grenades 'rare - but they're out there'". BBC News. 14 June 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  33. ^ "Dale Cregan trial: Guilty verdicts in trial of police killer and others". BBC News. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  34. ^ "Police killer Cregan in 'hunger strike' protest". BBC News. 28 August 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  35. ^ "Police killer Dale Cregan moved to secure Ashworth Hospital". BBC News. 6 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013.