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Debian Installer graphical etch.png
Original author(s) Debian Project
Developer(s) Debian Install System Team
Initial release June 6, 2005 (2005-06-06)
Stable release
8.0 (Jessie) / April 25, 2015; 22 months ago (2015-04-25)[1]
Development status Active
Written in C
Operating system Microcosm of Debian, made of udebs. (Loading from Microsoft Windows is supported via win32-loader.)
Available in 87 languages
Type System installer
License GPL

Debian-Installer is an installation program designed for the Debian Linux distribution. It originally appeared in Debian release 3.1 (Sarge),[2] released on June 6, 2005,[3] although the first release of a Linux distribution it was used with was Skolelinux Venus (1.0).[4] It is also one of two official installers available for Ubuntu; the other being called Ubiquity (itself based on parts of debian-installer) which was introduced in Ubuntu 6.06 (Dapper Drake).

It makes use of cdebconf (a reimplementation of debconf in C) to perform configuration at install time.

Originally, it only supported text-mode and ncurses. A graphical front-end (using GTK+-DirectFB) was first introduced in Debian 4.0 (Etch). Since Debian 6.0 (Squeeze), it uses Xorg instead of DirectFB.


debootstrap is software which allows installation of a Debian base system into a subdirectory of another, already installed operating system.[5] It needs access to a Debian repository and doesn't require an installation CD.[5] It can also be installed and run from another operating system or to create a "cross-debootstrapping", a rootfs for a machine of a different architecture,[5] for instance, OpenRISC.[6] There is also a largely equivalent version written in C – cdebootstrap, which is used in debian-installer.[5]

Debootstrap can be used to install Debian in a system without using an installation disk but can also be used to run a different Debian flavor in a chroot environment.[7] This way it is possible to create a full (minimal) Debian installation which can be used for testing purposes, or for building packages in a "clean" environment (as e.g. pbuilder does).[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Debian "jessie" Release Information". Debian. Retrieved 2015-04-27. 
  2. ^ "Debian GNU/Linux 3.1 released". Debian. 2005-06-06. Retrieved 2015-04-27. 
  3. ^ "Debian "sarge" Release Information". Debian. Retrieved 2015-04-27. 
  4. ^ "First distribution ships with Debian-Installer". Debian. 2004-06-21. Retrieved 2015-04-27. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Debootstrap". Debian wiki. 
  6. ^ Svensson, Christian. "[Openrisc] Introducing: Debian for OpenRISC". Openrisc mailing list., equivalent to ORSoC AB. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "debootstrap". Debian man pages. 

External links[edit]