Deborah Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire

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Her Grace
The Duchess of Devonshire
Deborah Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire.jpg
The Duchess of Devonshire, 1938
Born Deborah Vivien Freeman-Mitford
(1920-03-31)31 March 1920
Asthall Manor, Oxfordshire, England
Died 24 September 2014(2014-09-24) (aged 94)
Tenure 26 November 1950 – 3 May 2004
Residence Edensor House, Chatsworth Estate, Derbyshire
Spouse(s) Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire
(m. 1941; his death 2004)
Issue 7, including Peregrine Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire and Lady Sophia Topley
Parents David Freeman-Mitford, 2nd Baron Redesdale
Sydney Bowles
Occupation Writer, memoirist, socialite

Deborah Vivien Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, DCVO (born Freeman-Mitford; 31 March 1920 – 24 September 2014) was an English aristocrat, writer, memoirist and socialite. She was the youngest and last surviving of the six Mitford sisters, who were prominent members of English society in the 1930s and 1940s.


Known to her family as "Debo", Deborah Mitford was born in Asthall Manor, Oxfordshire, England. Her parents were Baron Redesdale (1878–1958), son of Algernon Freeman-Mitford, 1st Baron Redesdale, and his wife, Sydney (1880–1963), daughter of Thomas Gibson Bowles, MP. She married Lord Andrew Cavendish, younger son of the 10th Duke of Devonshire, in 1941. When Cavendish's older brother, William, Marquess of Hartington, was killed in action in 1944, Cavendish became heir to the dukedom and began to use the courtesy title Marquess of Hartington. In 1950, on the death of his father, the Marquess of Hartington became the 11th Duke of Devonshire.[1]

The Duchess was the main public face of Chatsworth for many decades. She wrote several books about Chatsworth, and played a key role in the restoration of the house, the enhancement of the garden and the development of commercial activities such as Chatsworth Farm Shop (which is on a quite different scale from most farm shops, as it employs a hundred people); Chatsworth's other retail and catering operations; and assorted offshoots such as Chatsworth Food, which sells luxury foodstuffs carrying her signature; and Chatsworth Design, which sells image rights to items and designs from the Chatsworth collections. Recognising the commercial imperatives of running a stately home, she took a very active role and was known to man the Chatsworth House ticket office herself. She also supervised the development of the Cavendish Hotel at Baslow, near Chatsworth, and the Devonshire Arms Hotel at Bolton Abbey.[citation needed]

In 1999, the Duchess was appointed a Dame Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (DCVO) by Queen Elizabeth II, for her service to the Royal Collection Trust. Upon the death of her husband in 2004, her son Peregrine Cavendish became the 12th Duke of Devonshire. She became the Dowager Duchess of Devonshire at this time.[2]

She and the Duke had seven children, four of whom died shortly after birth:[3]

  • Mark Cavendish (born and died 14 November 1941)
  • Emma Cavendish (born 26 March 1943, styled Lady Emma Cavendish from 1944); married Hon. Tobias Tennant, son of Christopher Grey Tennant, 2nd Baron Glenconner on 3 September 1963. They have three children and ten grandchildren:
    • Isabella Tennant (born 28 June 1964); married Piers Hill, son of Simon Hill, on 9 August 1997. They have three children:
      • Rosa Hill
      • Victor Hill
      • Lily Hill
    • Edward Tobias Tennant (born 30 March 1967); married Emma Bridgeman in 2000. They have three children:
      • Harry Tobias Tennant (born 7 September 2001)
      • Georgia Rose Tennant (born 9 July 2003)
      • Isla May Tennant (born 8 August 2006)
    • Stella Tennant (born 17 December 1970); married David Lasnet on 22 May 1999. They have four children:
      • Marcel Lasnet, born 1998
      • Cecily Lasnet, born 2001
      • Jasmine Lasnet, born 2003
      • Iris Lasnet, born 2005
  • Peregrine Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire (born 27 April 1944); married Amanda Heywood-Lonsdale on 28 June 1967. They have three children and eight grandchildren.
  • An unnamed child (miscarried December 1946; the child was a twin of Victor Cavendish, born in 1947)[4]
  • Lord Victor Cavendish (born and died 22 May 1947)
  • Lady Mary Cavendish (born and died 5 April 1953)
  • Lady Sophia Louise Sydney Cavendish (born 18 March 1957); married Anthony Murphy on 20 October 1979 and they were divorced in 1987. She remarried Alastair Morrison, 3rd Baron Margadale on 19 July 1988 and they were divorced. They have two children. She remarried again William Topley on 25 November 1999.

She was a maternal aunt of Max Mosley, former president of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA),[5] as well as the grandmother of fashion model Stella Tennant.[6]


Her death, at the age of 94, was announced on 24 September 2014.[7] The Duchess was survived by three of her seven children, eight grandchildren and eighteen great-grandchildren.[8] Her funeral took place on 2 October 2014 at St Peter's Church, Edensor in Derbyshire, England. It was attended by various family members and friends, as well as six hundred staff and the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall.

Selected interviews[edit]

Cavendish was interviewed on her experience of sitting for a portrait for painter Lucian Freud in the BBC series Imagine in 2004.[9]

In an interview with John Preston of the Daily Telegraph, published in September 2007, she recounted having tea with Adolf Hitler during a visit to Munich in June 1937, when she was visiting Germany with her mother and her sister Unity, the latter being the only one of the three who spoke German and, therefore the one who carried on the entire conversation with Hitler. Shortly before ending the interview, Preston asked her to choose with whom she would have preferred to have tea: American singer Elvis Presley or Hitler. Looking at the interviewer with astonishment, she answered: "Well, Elvis of course! What an extraordinary question."[10]

In 2010, the BBC journalist Kirsty Wark interviewed the Duchess for Newsnight. In it, the Duchess talked about life in the 1930s and 1940s, Hitler, the Chatsworth estate, and the marginalisation of the upper classes.[11] She was also interviewed on 23 December by Charlie Rose for PBS.[12]

On 10 November 2010, she was interviewed as part of "The Artists, Poets, and Writers Lecture Series" sponsored by the Frick Collection, an interview which focused on her memoir and her published correspondence with Patrick Leigh Fermor.[citation needed]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 31 March 1920 – 1941: The Honourable Deborah Vivien Freeman-Mitford
  • 1941–1944: Lady Andrew Cavendish
  • 1944–1950: Marchioness of Hartington
  • 1950–1999: Her Grace The Duchess of Devonshire
  • 1999-2004: Her Grace The Duchess of Devonshire, DCVO
  • 2004 - 24 September 2014: Her Grace The Dowager Duchess of Devonshire, DCVO

Mitford siblings[edit]




  • Chatsworth: The House (1980; revised edition 2002)
  • The Estate: A View from Chatsworth (1990)
  • The Farmyard at Chatsworth (1991) — for children
  • Treasures of Chatsworth: A Private View (1991)
  • The Garden at Chatsworth (1999)
  • Counting My Chickens and Other Home Thoughts (2002) — essays.
  • The Chatsworth Cookery Book (2003)
  • Round About Chatsworth (2005)
  • Memories of Andrew Devonshire (2007)
  • The Mitfords: Letters Between Six Sisters (2007), edited by Charlotte Mosley, ISBN 0-06-137364-8
  • In Tearing Haste: Letters Between Deborah Devonshire and Patrick Leigh Fermor (2008), edited by Charlotte Mosley
  • Home to Roost . . . and Other Peckings (2009)
  • Wait for Me!... Memoirs of the Youngest Mitford Sister (2010)
  • All in One Basket (2011)
  • Mitford, Diana, The Pursuit of Laughter (2008) – introduction


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "- Person Page 959". 
  2. ^ "Dowager Duchess of Devonshire - obituary". The Daily Telegraph. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
  3. ^ Deborah Mitford, Duchess of Devonshire, Wait for Me! (Farrar Straus Giroux, 2010), pages 128–132
  4. ^ Deborah Mitford, Duchess of Devonshire, Wait for Me! (Farrar Straus Giroux, 2010), pages 130
  5. ^ "Lady Mosley". 13 August 2003. 
  6. ^ "Last Mitford sister dead: Deborah, Dowager Duchess of Devonshire, dies away aged 94". The Independent. 
  7. ^ "Last Mitford sister, Deborah Dowager, Duchess of Devonshire, dies aged 94", BBC News, 24 September 2014
  8. ^ "Last of famous Mitford sisters dies at 94". Mail Online. 24 September 2014. 
  9. ^ Profile,; accessed 28 September 2014.
  10. ^ "Last lady of letters",; accessed 28 September 2014.
  11. ^ "Mitford duchess on taking tea with Hitler",; accessed 28 September 2014.
  12. ^ Deborah Mitford, Duchess of Devonshire interview,; accessed 28 September 2014.

External links[edit]