Debre Bizen

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Coordinates: 15°20′N 39°5′E / 15.333°N 39.083°E / 15.333; 39.083

Some of the buildings of the monastery complex

Debre Bizen (ተምሳል እስራኤል ቁዱስ ቦታ ኣምላኽ ዘ ኣብርሃም, ያዕቆብ, ወ ኢሳቅ) is the best-known monastery of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church. Located at the top of Debre Bizen the mountain (2460 meters) near the town of Nefasit in Eritrea. Its library contains many important Ge'ez manuscripts.

History[edit]

Engraving of Debre Bizen, originally published in J.T. Bent, The Sacred City of the Ethiopians (London, 1896)

Debre Bizen was founded in the 1350s by Filipos, who was a student of Absadi. By 1400, the Monastery followed the rule of the House of Ewostatewos (Ancient Greek: Εὐστάθιος Eustáthios), and a gadl (hagiography) of Ewostatewos was later composed there.[1] According to Tom Killion, it remained independent of the Ethiopian Church,[2] while Richard Pankhurst states that it continued to be dependent on the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church centered in Axum.[3] In either case, a charter survives of the Emperor Zara Yaqob in which he granted lands to Debre Bizen.[4]

The monastery was one of several habitations damaged by the Ottoman Empire in their campaigns to establish their province of Habesh Eyalet in the 16th century.[5]

When Abuna Yohannes XIV, who came from Cairo to Ethiopia to serve as head of the Ethiopian Church, was held for ransom at Arkiko by the local naib, the abbot of Debre Bizen helped him to escape.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pankhurst, Richard (1997). The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from Ancient Times to the End of the 18th Century. Red Sea Press Press. p. 38. ISBN 0-932415-19-9.
  2. ^ Killion, Tom (1998). Historical Dictionary of Eritrea. The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-3437-5.
  3. ^ Pankhurst, The Ethiopian Borderlands, p. 37
  4. ^ George Wynn Brereton Huntingford, The historical geography of Ethiopia from the first century AD to 1704, (Oxford University Press: 1989), p. 103
  5. ^ Pankhurst, The Ethiopian Borderlands, p. 234
  6. ^ Richard R.K. Pankhurst, The Ethiopian Royal Chronicles (Oxford: Addis Ababa, 1967), pp. 125-9.