Debrecen International Airport

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Debrecen International Airport
Debreceni nemzetközi repülőtér
IATA: DEBICAO: LHDC
Summary
Operator Airport Debrecen Kft.
Serves Debrecen, Hungary
Elevation AMSL 110 m / 361 ft
Coordinates 47°29′20″N 021°36′55″E / 47.48889°N 21.61528°E / 47.48889; 21.61528Coordinates: 47°29′20″N 021°36′55″E / 47.48889°N 21.61528°E / 47.48889; 21.61528
Website debrecenairport.com
Map
DEB is located in Hungary
DEB
DEB
Location of the airport in Hungary
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 2,500 8,202 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 40 131 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 172 219
Passenger change 14-15 Increase 18.19%
Aircraft movements 1,350
Movements change 13-14 Decrease 8.35%
Source: Hungarian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]

Debrecen International Airport[2] (IATA: DEBICAO: LHDC) is the international airport of Debrecen in the Hajdú-Bihar County of Hungary. It is located 5 km (3.1 mi) south southwest[1] of the city center and also easily accessible to adjacent regions of Slovakia, Romania and Ukraine.

History[edit]

Members of the Royal Hungarian Air Force at Debrecen Airport, 1940

The history of Debrecen Airport goes back to the early 20th Century. The first official regular flight carrying mail took off in 1930. Subsequently the Airport served sport and military purposes. From 1930 it had remarkable domestic traffic serving flights from Debrecen to Budapest and to other major cities in Hungary. During World War II it was the base of a Hungarian bombing squad.

Between 1946 and 1968 Debrecen Airport functioned also as an emergency airfield for Budapest Airport. Following World War II the Soviet air force had control over the airport until 1990. The political transition brought revival of the airport and international civilian traffic was launched together with sports aviation.

In May 1991, Soviet troops vacated the airport and handed in over to the Hungarian State. In 1994 Debrecen Municipal Government realized the need to develop the airport and included it in its development plan. The city purchased the airport and has been steadily developing it.

Till 2004 Debrecen city invested 3.5 billion Forints to buy out, operate and continually develop Debrecen Airport.

On 18 June 2012 Wizz Air launched its scheduled service between Debrecen and London-Luton, initially with 3 weekly flights. This was upgraded first to five flights a week in April 2013 and later to daily service. At the end of 2015 it got improved to ten flights per direction per week. At the end of 2012 Wizz launched a new route to Eindhoven and Milan-Malpensa. Milan was substituted for Dortmund in 2013 wich got cancelled the same year.

In 2012-2013 Tatarstan Airlines operated a bi-weekly flight to Moscow-Domodedovo. After the disaster of Tatarstan Airlines Flight 363 wich forced Tatarstan Airlines into bankruption the route was taken over by UTair Aviation. In 2014 due to a meltdown in the Russia–European Union relations a number of punitive sanctions were implemented vice versa that forced UTair to cancel the flight.

In 2015 Wizz Air established a cadet pilot school at the airport[3] under the company Pharma-Flight Kft which also researches and produces pharmaceutical products for the flight staff.

At the beginning of 2015 Wizz Air announced the reopening of the Milan-Bergamo route in October 2015, later they confirmed their 22nd base will be in Debrecen. Basing one Airbus A320 they also announced an increased frequency on the already existing two routes (London and Eindhoven) and three new routes to Paris-Beauvais, Brussels-Charleroi and Malmö.[4]

The construction of a new "innovation and incubation centre" at the airport which would host the new terminal on its ground floor began in June 2015.[5] and scheduled to open in 2017.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich
Wizz Air Beauvais, Bergamo, Eindhoven, London-Luton, Malmö (resumes 27 March 2017)

Statistics[edit]

Annual passenger numbers[edit]

Passengers
handled[a]
Passenger
% Change
2004 14,476 n/a
2005 33,119 0128.78% Increase
2006 36,939 011.53% Increase
2007 42,900 016.13% Increase
2008 42,650 0-0.58% Decrease
2009 25,060 0-41.24% Decrease
2010 24,415 0-2.57% Decrease
2011 19,135 0-21.62% Decrease
2012 47,746 0149.52% Increase
2013 129,231 0170.66% Increase
2014 145,709 012.75% Increase
2015 172,212 018.19% Increase
2016
Source: KSH[6]

Top destinations[edit]

City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(2016)
Airlines
United Kingdom London London Luton Airport
10
Wizz Air
Netherlands Eindhoven Eindhoven Airport
3
Wizz Air
Germany Munich Munich Airport
3
Lufthansa CityLine
Italy Bergamo Il Caravaggio International Airport
2
Wizz Air
France Beauvais Beauvais–Tillé Airport
2
Wizz Air
Belgium Brussels Brussels South Charleroi Airport
2
Wizz Air
Sweden Malmö Malmö Airport
2
Wizz Air

Ground transportation[edit]

Bus[edit]

Buses Airport1 and Airport2 are operated by the local public transport company, called Debreceni Közlekedési Vállalat (DKV). Airport1 runs between the airport and the main train station of Debrecen, where connections are available to local, regional and international buses, trams and trains, while Airport2 runs between the Airport and the northern end of the city. The schedule of the buses are matched with the departure and arrival times of the planes at the airport, serving all inbound and outbound flights and can be used with any of the regular DKV tickets or passes.[7]

A direct bus connection was established in March 2016 between Oradea and Debrecen International Airport. The schedule is matched with the arrival and departure times of the planes.

Road[edit]

The street leading to the airport terminal is accessible from Route 47 only. Passengers arriving at the airport can get to their destinations by taxi for a fix tariff within city limits.

Train[edit]

The airport has a recently reconstructed direct rail connection, but it is used for freight moving only. It will be made suitable for passenger traffic only if there will be a reasonable demand for the construction sometime in the future.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Number of passengers including domestic, international and transit

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Debrecen International Airport at Wikimedia Commons