Southern Region (Eritrea)

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Southern Zone
Zoba Debub
Debub Region in Eritrea
Debub Region in Eritrea
Coordinates: 14°48′N 39°00′E / 14.800°N 39.000°E / 14.800; 39.000Coordinates: 14°48′N 39°00′E / 14.800°N 39.000°E / 14.800; 39.000
Country Eritrea
Capital Mendefera
 • Administrator Efrem Gebrekristos
 • Total 8,000 km2 (3,000 sq mi)
 • Total 1,476,765
 • Density 180/km2 (480/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code ER-DU

Debub Region, also known as the Southern Region, is a region of Eritrea. It lies along a portion of the national border with Ethiopia.


Debub shares its western border with the region of Gash-Barka, its northern flank with Maekel (central), and its eastern boundary with the Northern Red Sea Region. It is the largest region in the country by population.

This region has an area of around 8,000 square kilometers, and its capital is Mendefera (Adi Ugri). Other towns in Debub include Adi Keyh, Adi Quala, Dekemhare, Debarwa and Senafe. The archeological sites of Metera and Qohaito are also located here. The highest point in this region, and in Eritrea, is Mount Soira (3018 meters), situated east of Senafe.

Basic Features of Zoba Debub[edit]

Zoba Debub is one of the six Zbobas (Regions) of Eritrea which is located in the southern part of the country with longitude of 38° 15' - 39° 40' East and latitude 14° 25' - 15° 15 North. It shares borders with Zoba Ma'ekel (Central Region) in the north, Zoba Northern Red Sea in the east, Gash Barka in the west and Ethiopia in the south.


The region also includes the following districts: