Decanal

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Decanal
Decanal structure.png
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Decanal
Other names
Decyl aldehyde, caprinaldehyde
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.598 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 203-957-4
KEGG
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C10H20O/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11/h10H,2-9H2,1H3 checkY
    Key: KSMVZQYAVGTKIV-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1/C10H20O/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11/h10H,2-9H2,1H3
    Key: KSMVZQYAVGTKIV-UHFFFAOYAQ
  • O=CCCCCCCCCC
Properties
C10H20O
Molar mass 156.269 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 0.83 g/mL
Boiling point 207 to 209 °C (405 to 408 °F; 480 to 482 K)
Hazards
GHS labelling:
GHS07: Exclamation mark
Warning
H315, H319, H412
P264, P273, P280, P302+P352, P305+P351+P338, P321, P332+P313, P337+P313, P362, P501
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
checkY verify (what is checkY☒N ?)

Decanal is an organic compound classified as an aldehyde with the chemical formula C10H20O.

Occurrence[edit]

Decanal occurs naturally in citrus, along with octanal, citral, and sinensal, in buckwheat,[1] and in coriander essential oil.[2] It is used in fragrances and flavoring.[3]

Preparation[edit]

Decanal can be prepared by oxidation of the related alcohol decanol.[4]

Safety[edit]

For safety information see the MSDS.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Janes D, Kantar D, Kreft S, Prosen H (2008). "Identification of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) aroma compounds with GC-MS". Food Chemistry. 112: 120–124. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.05.048.
  2. ^ Nurzyńska-Wierdak, Renata (2013). "Essential oil composition of the coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) herb depending on the development stage". Acta Agrobotanica. 66: 53–60. doi:10.5586/aa.2013.006.
  3. ^ Rychlik, Schieberle & Grosch (1998). Compilation of Odor Thresholds, Odor Qualities and Retention Indices of Key Food Odorants. Lichtenbergstraße, Germany.
  4. ^ R. W. Ratcliffe (1988). "Oxidation with the Chromium Trioxide-Pridine Complex Prepared in situ: 1- Decanal". Organic Syntheses.; Collective Volume, vol. 6, p. 373
  5. ^ "Safety (MSDS) data for n-decanal". Archived from the original on 2004-05-20. Retrieved 2007-12-01.