Decanal

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Decanal
Decanal structure.png
Names
IUPAC name
Decanal
Other names
Decyl aldehyde, caprinaldehyde
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.598
KEGG
UNII
Properties
C10H20O
Molar mass 156.2
Appearance colourless liquid
Density 0.83 g/mL
Boiling point 207 to 209 °C (405 to 408 °F; 480 to 482 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Decanal is an organic compound with the chemical formula C9H19CHO. It is the simplest ten-carbon aldehyde.

Occurrence[edit]

Decanal occurs naturally and is used in fragrances and flavoring.[1]

Decanal is an important component in citrus, along with octanal, citral, and sinensal.

Decanal is also an important component of buckwheat odour.[2]

Decanal is also the main component (17%) of coriander herb (Coriandrum sativum) essential oil.[3]

Preparation[edit]

Decanal can be prepared by oxidation of the related alcohol decanol.[4]

Safety[edit]

For safety information see the MSDS.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rychlik, Schieberle & Grosch Compilation of Odor Thresholds, Odor Qualities and Retention Indices of Key Food Odorants, Lichtenbergstraße, Germany, 1998.
  2. ^ Janes D, Kantar D, Kreft S, Prosen H (2008). "Identification of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) aroma compounds with GC-MS". Food Chemistry. 112: 120. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.05.048. 
  3. ^ ESSENTIAL OIL COMPOSITION OF THE CORIANDER (Coriandrum sativum L.) HERB DEPENDING ON THE DEVELOPMENT STAGE, Renata Nurzyńska-Wierdak. ACTA AGROBOTANICA Vol. 66 (1), 2013: 53–60. https://pbsociety.org.pl/journals/index.php/aa/article/view/aa.2013.006
  4. ^ R. W. Ratcliffe (1988). "Oxidation with the Chromium Trioxide-Pridine Complex Prepared in situ: 1- Decanal". Org. Synth. ; Coll. Vol., 6, p. 373 
  5. ^ Safety (MSDS) data for n-decanal