Decatur County, Indiana
|Decatur County, Indiana|
Decatur County Courthouse in Greensburg, Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Stephen Decatur, Jr.|
|• Total||373.32 sq mi (967 km2)|
|• Land||372.57 sq mi (965 km2)|
|• Water||0.76 sq mi (2 km2), 0.20%|
|• Density||69/sq mi (26.67/km²)|
|Footnotes: Indiana county number 16|
Decatur County was formed in 1822. It was named for Commodore Stephen Decatur, Jr., naval officer in the First and Second Barbary Wars, and in the War of 1812. Decatur was mortally wounded in a duel in 1820. Recently, Greensburg, the county seat, was selected as the new location of the Honda assembly plant being proposed.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 373.32 square miles (966.9 km2), of which 372.57 square miles (965.0 km2) (or 99.80%) is land and 0.76 square miles (2.0 km2) (or 0.20%) is water.
Cities and towns
- Rush County (north)
- Franklin County (east)
- Ripley County (southeast)
- Jennings County (south)
- Bartholomew County (west)
- Shelby County (northwest)
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in Greensburg have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.42 inches (61 mm) in February to 5.03 inches (128 mm) in May.
County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.
Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.
Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.
County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversee different parts of the county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation and to be residents of the county.
As of the census of 2000, there were 24,555 people, 9,389 households, and 6,882 families residing in the county. The population density was 66 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 9,992 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.50% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 0.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.5% were of English ancestry, 35.1% were of German, and 9.0% were of Irish ancestry according to 2010 American Community Survey.
There were 9,389 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.10% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 22.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,401, and the median income for a family was $46,453. Males had a median income of $31,790 versus $24,688 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,582. About 6.60% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.40% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.
- "Decatur County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 102.
- De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 555.
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
- "Monthly Averages for Greensburg, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16.
- "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
- "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||Shelby County||Rush County|
|Bartholomew County||Franklin County|
|Jennings County||Ripley County|