December 1932

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The following events occurred in December 1932:

December 1, 1932 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The British government delivered a note to the United States seeking cancellation of all war debts, saying that resumption of the payments "would inevitably deepen the depression."[1]
  • The "Trogir incident" took place in Croatia when a group of young Yugoslav nationalists destroyed eight stone Venetian lions on old public buildings and city walls in the city of Trogir. The incident caused the already strained relations between Yugoslavia and Italy to worsen further.[2]
  • Born: Heather Begg, operatic mezzo-soprano, in Nelson, New Zealand (d. 2009)

December 2, 1932 (Friday)[edit]

December 3, 1932 (Saturday)[edit]

December 4, 1932 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Italy announced a new plan to electrify 40% of the country's railway network within four years at a cost of 4.6 billion lire.[8]
  • Born: Roh Tae-woo, general and 6th President of South Korea, in Daegu

December 5, 1932 (Monday)[edit]

December 6, 1932 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • The Reichstag opened for its first session since November's elections. The Communists tried to introduce a motion of no confidence, but the Nazis used their plurality to have it postponed.[11]
  • Albert Einstein was granted a visa to enter the United States. An organization called the Woman's Patriot Corporation had filed a complaint claiming Einstein was inadmissible "because of his affiliations with certain organizations claimed to be connected with the Communist International", but the State Department announced that George S. Messersmith had "examined Prof. Einstein as he would any applicant and has reached the conclusion that Prof. Einstein is admissible to the United States."[12]

December 7, 1932 (Wednesday)[edit]

December 8, 1932 (Thursday)[edit]

December 9, 1932 (Friday)[edit]

December 10, 1932 (Saturday)[edit]

December 11, 1932 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The United States negotiated a No Force Declaration with Britain, France, Germany and Italy. These nations all promised not to resolve any present or future disputes amongst themselves with force.[6]
  • Born: Enrique Bermúdez, Contra leader, in León, Nicaragua (d. 1991)

December 12, 1932 (Monday)[edit]

December 13, 1932 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • A huge anti-Yugoslavian demonstration was held in Rome protesting the Trogir incident. Mussolini appeared on the balcony of the Palazzo Venezia and declared that such acts of vandalism "cannot and must not be forgotten."[20]
  • Born: Tatsuya Nakadai, actor, in Tokyo, Japan

December 14, 1932 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The French Chamber of Deputies rejected Prime Minister Édouard Herriot's payment plan of war debts to the United States, voted his government out of office and then voted to defer payment until an international debt conference could be held.[21]
  • Six died in a collision of two passenger trains in Switzerland near Lucerne.[22]

December 15, 1932 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Five countries (France, Poland, Belgium, Estonia and Hungary) defaulted on their war debt payments to the United States in response to the U.S. Congress' rejection of the debt reduction plan agreed to at the Lausanne Conference.[6][23]
  • Died: Josip Vancaš, 75, Croatian architect

December 16, 1932 (Friday)[edit]

December 17, 1932 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Several Italian newspapers published "A Manifesto of Italian Musicians for the Tradition of Nineteenth-Century Romantic Art" signed by several prominent Italian composers. The manifesto attacked modernistic trends in Italian music by composers such as Gian Francesco Malipiero and Alfredo Casella and advocated a return to Romantic music.[26]
  • German was admitted as an official language in South-West Africa alongside English and Afrikaans.[27]

December 18, 1932 (Sunday)[edit]

December 19, 1932 (Monday)[edit]

  • A team of Chicago police raided the headquarters of mob boss Frank Nitti. One of the Detective Sergeants shot Nitti three times and then gave himself a minor gunshot wound to make it look like self-defense. Nitti survived the shooting.[29]
  • The BBC Empire Service began broadcasting, making the BBC heard outside of Britain for the first time.[26]
  • A new high-speed train running from Berlin to Hamburg in 142 minutes, the DRG Class SVT 877 (nicknamed the "Flying Hamburger"), entered commercial service.[30]
  • The U.S. Supreme Court decided Sorrells v. United States.
  • Died: Yun Bong-gil, 24, Korean independence activist (executed for April 29 bomb attack)

December 20, 1932 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • A 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck the Cedar Mountains region of Nevada. Although the epicenter of the earthquake was uninhabited, it was felt as far away as San Francisco and Los Angeles.[31]

December 21, 1932 (Wednesday)[edit]

December 22, 1932 (Thursday)[edit]

December 23, 1932 (Friday)[edit]

December 24, 1932 (Saturday)[edit]

December 25, 1932 (Sunday)[edit]

December 26, 1932 (Monday)[edit]

December 27, 1932 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Radio City Music Hall opened in New York City.[4]
  • South Africa forbade all export of gold.[41]
  • Greek court refused to extradite fugitive business executive Samuel Insull to the United States and freed him from prison, ruling that there was no evidence in the embezzlement and larceny charges he faced in America.[42]

December 28, 1932 (Wednesday)[edit]

December 29, 1932 (Thursday)[edit]

December 30, 1932 (Friday)[edit]

December 31, 1932 (Saturday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Henning, Arthur Sears (December 2, 1932). "Forigve Our Debts – Britain". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  2. ^ "The Trogir incident of December 1, 1932 and the Venetian Lion as the symbol of "Italianess" of the Eastern Adriatic". Hrčak. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  3. ^ "Von Schleicher Called to Form Reich Cabinet". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. December 2, 1932. p. 2.
  4. ^ a b c Holston, Kim R. (2013). Movie Roadshows: A History and Filmography of Reserved-Seat Limited Showings, 1911–1973. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-7864-6062-5.
  5. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (December 4, 1932). "Von Schleicher Picks Cabinet; Keeps War Post". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 6.
  6. ^ a b c d "Chronology 1932". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  7. ^ "1930–1939". Military.com. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  8. ^ "Tageseinträge für 4. Dezember 1932". chroniknet. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  9. ^ Mendelson, Richard (2009). From Demon to Darling: A Legal History of Wine in America. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-520-94320-9.
  10. ^ a b c Mercer, Derrik (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 420. ISBN 978-0-582-03919-3.
  11. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (December 7, 1932). "Hitlerites Avoid Open Conflict with Schleicher". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 6.
  12. ^ "Einstein to Get U. S. Visa; Bolts Consul's Quiz". Chicago Daily Tribune. December 6, 1932. p. 1.
  13. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (December 8, 1932). "Regency Move is Defeated by Reichstag". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 2.
  14. ^ Patel, Kiran Klaus (2005). Soldiers of Labor: Labor Service in Nazi Germany and New Deal America, 1933–1945. Cambridge University Press. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-521-83416-2.
  15. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (December 10, 1932). "Schliecher Wins Right to Rule Single Handed". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 7.
  16. ^ "Celebrate Constitution Day". What's on Korat. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  17. ^ "Tageseinträge für 10. Dezember 1932". chroniknet. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  18. ^ "Reviews "Madame Butterfly"". CaryGrant.net. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  19. ^ "Freddie Lindstrom". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  20. ^ "Il Duce Waves Dalmatian Flag; Rages at Serbia". Chicago Daily Tribune. December 14, 1932. p. 19. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  21. ^ "Paris Defaults; Cabinet Out". Chicago Daily Tribune. December 14, 1932. p. 1.
  22. ^ "Tageseinträge für 14. Dezember 1932". chroniknet. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  23. ^ Henning, Arthur Sears (December 16, 1932). "Six Nations Pay and 5 Default; Debate Course". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  24. ^ Tatam, Harold (December 17, 1932). "Argentina Jails Two Ex-Presidents". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  25. ^ "Central & SOuth America". Women Suffrage and Beyond. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  26. ^ a b c d "1932". Music And History. Archived from the original on April 1, 2015. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  27. ^ "Tageseinträge für 17. Dezember 1932". chroniknet. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  28. ^ "Tageseinträge für 18. Dezember 1932". chroniknet. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  29. ^ Sifakis, Carl (1987). The Mafia Encyclopedia. New York City: Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-1856-1.
  30. ^ "Tageseinträge für 19. Dezember 1932". chroniknet. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  31. ^ Hough, Susan Elizabeth (2007). Finding Fault in California: An Earthquake Tourist's Guide. Mountain Press. p. 240. ISBN 978-0-87842-495-5.
  32. ^ "O. K. on Beer; to Senate Next". Chicago Daily Tribune. December 22, 1932. p. 1.
  33. ^ Swain, Martha H. (1978). Pat Harrison: The New Deal Years. University Press of Mississippi. p. 40. ISBN 978-1-61703-451-0.
  34. ^ "Fascist Party Born in Japan; Has Own Flag". Chicago Daily Tribune. December 23, 1932. p. 1.
  35. ^ "F.P.1. Doesn't Answer (Germany, Karl Hartl, 1933): A Science-Fiction Adventure". Academia.edu. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  36. ^ "Tageseinträge für 23. Dezember 1932". chroniknet. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  37. ^ Ingrey, Norman (December 25, 1932). "Chile's New Chief Takes Job; Fete Shorn of Pomp". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 7.
  38. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (December 25, 1932). "Give Germany's Youth a Chance! Christmas Plea". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 6.
  39. ^ Young, Jan (2014). Roadside Tidbits. p. 56. ISBN 978-1-312-49693-4.
  40. ^ "18 Freed by Spain for Part in August Revolt". Chicago Daily Tribune. December 26, 1932. p. 5.
  41. ^ "So. Africa Bars Export of Gold; Keeps Standard". Chicago Daily Tribune. December 28, 1932. p. 4.
  42. ^ Darrah, David (December 28, 1932). "Insull Free; Athens Cheers". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  43. ^ Day, Donald (December 29, 1932). "Soviet Decrees Everyone Must Have Passport". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  44. ^ "Tageseinträge für 29. Dezember 1932". chroniknet. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  45. ^ "Tageseinträge für 30. Dezember 1932". chroniknet. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  46. ^ "Russia Launches Job of Raising Living Standard". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 1, 1933. p. 2.