From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The following events occurred in December 1965:
- 1 December 1, 1965 (Wednesday)
- 2 December 2, 1965 (Thursday)
- 3 December 3, 1965 (Friday)
- 4 December 4, 1965 (Saturday)
- 5 December 5, 1965 (Sunday)
- 6 December 6, 1965 (Monday)
- 7 December 7, 1965 (Tuesday)
- 8 December 8, 1965 (Wednesday)
- 9 December 9, 1965 (Thursday)
- 10 December 10, 1965 (Friday)
- 11 December 11, 1965 (Saturday)
- 12 December 12, 1965 (Sunday)
- 13 December 13, 1965 (Monday)
- 14 December 14, 1965 (Tuesday)
- 15 December 15, 1965 (Wednesday)
- 16 December 16, 1965 (Thursday)
- 17 December 17, 1965 (Friday)
- 18 December 18, 1965 (Saturday)
- 19 December 19, 1965 (Sunday)
- 20 December 20, 1965 (Monday)
- 21 December 21, 1965 (Tuesday)
- 22 December 22, 1965 (Wednesday)
- 23 December 23, 1965 (Thursday)
- 24 December 24, 1965 (Friday)
- 25 December 25, 1965 (Saturday)
- 26 December 26, 1965 (Sunday)
- 27 December 27, 1965 (Monday)
- 28 December 28, 1965 (Tuesday)
- 29 December 29, 1965 (Wednesday)
- 30 December 30, 1965 (Thursday)
- 31 December 31, 1965 (Friday)
- 32 References
December 1, 1965 (Wednesday)
- The first airlift of Cuban émigrés into the United States began, with 75 Cuban citizens, mostly women and children, taking off from Varadero on a Pan American Airways DC-7, and arriving in Miami one hour later.
- The Border Security Force was established in India as a special force to guard the country's borders.
- The United Church in Jamaica and the Cayman Islands was founded by a merger of the Protestant denominations "Presbyterian Church in Jamaica" and "Congregational Union of Jamaica".
- The village of 't Haantje, Drenthe, in the Netherlands, narrowly escaped a disaster, when a French company drilling for gas began to lose control of the enormous gas pressure, resulting in a huge gas eruption. The ground around the hole caved in, swallowing all of the drilling equipment. The gas eruption would eventually be stopped by a cement injection from a new drilling hole. A small lake surrounded by a forest would become a permanent reminder of the near-miss.
- Billy Jones became the first African-American to play in the Atlantic Coast Conference, integrating the exclusively white college basketball circuit in the south Atlantic states in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Florida. Jones played briefly in a game for the University of Maryland against Penn State.
December 2, 1965 (Thursday)
- The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Enterprise became the first nuclear-powered warship to see combat when it launched air strikes at the Viet Cong near Biên Hòa, South Vietnam.
- Died: Hugh Dryden, 67, NASA Deputy Administrator since 1958, of cancer
December 3, 1965 (Friday)
- Ten Royal Air Force jet fighters from Britain arrived in Lusaka, following Zambia's appeal for British help against Rhodesia, and British Prime Minister Harold Wilson said that a battalion of 600 Royal Scots Army infantrymen would follow if Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda agreed that they would remain under British command while on Zambian soil. Wilson also said that no British troops would cross into Rhodesia unless Rhodesia either attempted to attack Zambia, or attempted to shut off power from the Kariba Dam, across the Zambezi River, that supplied hydroelectric power to both nations. President Kaunda had asked Britain to invade Rhodesia in order to seize control of the Kariba Dam and to occupy the northern part of Rhodesia that bordered Zambia.
- At Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 35 of the 36 members of the Organization of African Unity threatened to sever diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom, unless the British government ended the rebellion of Rhodesia by December 15. The exception was The Gambia, which did not have a representative present at the five hour session.
- The Beatles released their album Rubber Soul in the United Kingdom, followed by an American release of Rubber Soul that included most of the songs, along with some that had been omitted from the U.S. release of Help!. On the same day, a Beatles song that was not on the album, "Day Tripper", was released as a single. On the other side (the "B" side) of the same 45 rpm record was "We Can Work It Out", which would receive more airplay and would reach number one in the United Kingdom and the United States, making it the most popular "B" side song in history.
- An unidentified United States Marine stationed in South Vietnam at Da Nang allegedly vandalized the Khue Bac Pagoda by beheading the shrine's golden image of Gautama Buddha. By December 8, 500 Buddhist protesters marched through the streets of Da Nang after Khue Bac's principal monk, Thich Giac Ngo, threatened to disembowel himself to atone for allowing the Buddha to be destroyed. U.S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge promised to fully investigate the incident and to compensate the monastery for the damage, which included an injunction from other Buddhist monks that the Khue Bac was "contaminated and could not be used again".
- Born: Katarina Witt, East German figure skater and Olympic gold medalist, in Staaken
- Erich Apel, 48, East German economist and Chairman of the State Planning Commission, shot himself to death in his office at the House of Ministries in East Berlin
- Ike Richman, 52, American lawyer and co-owner of the Philadelphia 76ers basketball team, after suffering a heart attack courtside. Richman, who had been instrumental in bringing the Syracuse Nationals to Philadelphia, had accompanied the 76ers to Boston where the 76ers were playing the Celtics, and collapsed while he was sitting on their bench during the first quarter, when the teams were tied, 13–13. The team was informed of his death at halftime, and went on to win, 119 to 103.
December 4, 1965 (Saturday)
- Eastern Air Lines Flight 853, a propeller-driven Lockheed Super Constellation with 54 people on board, and TWA Flight 42, a Boeing 707-131B carrying 58 people, collided over Carmel, New York, with the Boeing's left wing striking the Super Constellation's tail. The TWA flight landed safely at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City, despite having 30 feet of its left wing sheared off after taking evasive action, while the Eastern plane crashed in a pasture on Hunt Mountain near Danbury, Connecticut, and caught fire, killing four people of the 54 on board. The TWA flight from San Francisco to New York had been assigned at 11,000 feet altitude, while the Eastern plane from Boston to Newark, New Jersey, was assigned to 10,000 when the two collided.
- Gemini 7 was launched into orbit from Cape Kennedy with astronauts Frank Borman and Jim Lovell, at 1:30 in the afternoon. Borman and Lovell would team up again three years later on Apollo 8, as they and William A. Anders would become the first persons to orbit the Moon.
- Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah took office as the new Prime Minister of Kuwait, after his brother, the previous premier, ascended the throne as the new Emir of Kuwait. Jaber himself would become the new Emir in 1977 on the death of his brother.
- Saudi Arabia and Qatar signed a boundary agreement that delimited their land boundaries and their offshore drilling sites as well.
- The Grateful Dead played their first show under their new name, after originally billing themselves as The Warlocks, as promoter Ken Kesey held the second Acid Test concert. The event took place at 43 South Fifth Street in San Jose, California after a Rolling Stones show nearby.
December 5, 1965 (Sunday)
- France's President Charles de Gaulle won more votes than the other five candidates in the French presidential election, but his 10,828,523 votes out of more than 24 million cast fell short of a majority, forcing a December 19 runoff between de Gaulle and second-place finisher François Mitterrand, who won 7,694,003 votes.
- The first spontaneous political demonstration in the Soviet Union, and that nations first civil rights protest, began in Pushkin Square in Moscow, where protesters gathered in response to the arrest of writers Andrei Sinyavsky and Yuli Daniel in what would later be called the "Glasnost Meeting" (Miting Glasnosty). The date selected was the Soviet Union's 30th annual Constitution Day holiday, and the location was the square named for one of Russia's most revered writers, Alexander Pushkin. Human rights activist Lyudmila Alexeyeva would recall later that while Vladimir Bukovsky believed there were 200 participants when the demonstration began at 6:00 in the evening, she had been present and believed that it was a smaller number; 20 people were detained by KGB agents, but released after a few hours, although 40 of the known participants were expelled from their scientific institutes. Mathematician Alexander Esenin-Volpin was among the speakers who urged that Sinyavsky and Daniel be given the fair and open trial guaranteed by the 1936 constitution, and the Constitution Day protest was repeated every year until the close of the 1970s.
- The military service of the Avro Lancaster bomber came to an end when the Fuerza Aérea Argentina's B-040 airplane crashed at the Río Gallegos airport. The Argentine Air Force had been the last military force anywhere to use the Lancaster, and B-040 was the last one that had still been airworthy.
- Born: John Rzeznik, American rock musician and founder of the Goo Goo Dolls; in Buffalo, New York
December 6, 1965 (Monday)
- The Soviet lunar probe Luna 8 crash landed on the Moon at a point in the Ocean of Storms west of the Kepler crater at 21:51:30 UTC.
- France's first scientific satellite, FR-1, was launched from the United States at Vandenberg Air Force base.
- Gemini 7 astronaut Jim Lovell became the first man in space to operate without a space suit, after being uncomfortably hot in the cramped capsule where he and Frank Borman were to spend two weeks. It look Lovell more than an hour to remove the bulky garment, but both he and Borman agreed that the cabin temperature was more tolerable even when only one of them was in regular clothes. Eventually, ground control would allow both astronauts to continue without their suits, after initially insisting that one of crewmembers would need to be suited during the flight.
December 7, 1965 (Tuesday)
- The Catholic–Orthodox Joint Declaration of 1965 was read out simultaneously by Augustin Cardinal Bea in Rome on behalf of the Roman Catholic Church (as he stood to the right side of Pope Paul VI at St. Peter's Square) and by Patriarch Athenagoras I of Constantinople at the Cathedral of St. George in Istanbul for the Eastern Orthodox Church. Both religious leaders expressed their regrets of the orders of excommunication made on July 16, 1054 by Cardinal Humbert of Silva Candida and Patriarch Michael I Cerularius against the members of each other's churches., and jointly declared that they "removed both from memory and from the midst of the church the sentences of excommunication which followed these events" and declared the excommunications "consigned to oblivion".
- Pope Paul proclaimed the last four documents approved by the Council:
- Dignitatis humanae (Of the Dignity of the Human Person), a declaration on religious liberty;
- Ad gentes (To the Nations), a decree on the missionary activity of the Catholic church;
- Presbyterorum ordinis (Priests of the Order), regarding the ministry and life of Catholic priests; and
- Gaudium et spes (Joy and Hope), the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World 
- Born: Teruyuki Kagawa, Japanese film actor, in Tokyo
December 8, 1965 (Wednesday)
- The Race Relations Act took effect, becoming the first legislation to address racial discrimination in the United Kingdom. Although the new law did not outlaw discrimination, it did make it possible to bring civil lawsuits to enjoin discrimination in public places on the "grounds of colour, race, or ethnic or national origins".
- Simultaneous announcements were made in Pakistan, India and the Soviet Union Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Mohammed Ayub Khan would meet in the Soviet city of Tashkent as guests of Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin to reach a peace agreement to end the Indo-Pakistani war in the Punjab.
- Pope Paul VI proclaimed the close of the Second Vatican Council and told the 2,400 bishops "Ite in Pace", Latin for "Go in peace." The Council had first opened on October 11, 1962 under Pope John XXIII.
- Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith warned that Rhodesia would forcibly resist a trade embargo by neighboring countries, and that foreign workers would be expelled from the country to make room for any local residents who lost their jobs because of the sanctions.
- Norway and Denmark delimited the boundaries between on the continental shelf off the coast of their two nations, setting the border based on the median line rather than the Norwegian Trench.
- Saudi Arabia and Iran entered into an agreement to establish an "Islamic Pact" of mutual protection of their monarchies against challenges from neighboring republics.
- A crowd of 250,000 Russians demonstrated in Moscow to denounce United States involvement in the Vietnam War.
- Cactus Flower, a comedy play by Abe Burrows, opened on Broadway for the first of 1,234 performances at the Royale Theatre.
- The government of the Netherlands announced that Crown Princess Beatrix would marry West German diplomat Claus von Amsberg on March 10, 1966.
- Born: Carina Lau, Hong Kong actress and singer, as Lau Jialing in Suzhou, People's Republic of China
December 9, 1965 (Thursday)
- Anastas Mikoyan resigned from the largely ceremonial job as the Soviet Union's head of state, the President of the Presidium, which he had held since July 15, 1964. Mikoyan had been one of the original Soviet Communist Party members at the time of the October Revolution in 1917. The 1,500 delegates to the Supreme Soviet gave Mikoyan a standing ovation when he asked to be relieved for health reasons, then voted immediately to elevate Ukrainian official and CPSU Central Committee Secretary Nikolai V. Podgorny to the job. Podgorny would be the head of the Soviet government until being removed in 1977.
- The "Internationalists in Ireland", forerunner of the Communist Party of Ireland, was founded by Hardial Bains, who was working as a microbiologist at Trinity College, Dublin.
- A Charlie Brown Christmas, the first Peanuts television special, debuted on CBS, and would become an annual tradition. and drew mixed reviews from critics on its first showing.
- A fireball streaked across the sky over Ontario, Michigan and Ohio and was witnessed by hundreds of people before crashing outside Kecksburg, Pennsylvania at 5:15 in the afternoon. A volunteer firefighter claimed that he saw "an acorn-shamed object 9 to 12 feet in diameter with a golden band around the bottom" and that "Symbols resembling Egyptian hieroglyphics were etched on the band"  and other witnesses said that U.S. Army investigators "hauled away a huge object hidden under a tarp on a flatbed truck". On the other hand, all the astronomers who were interviewed concluded that the object was a large meteor that was part of the Geminids  No meteor was found, however 
- Thunderball, the fourth of the James Bond film series of films with Sean Connery, had its world premiere at the Hibiya Cinema in Tokyo. It would debut at the Paramount Theatre in New York on December 21 and in the Rialto and Pavilion theatres in London on December 29.
- Died: Branch Rickey, 83, American baseball manager who integrated Major League Baseball as general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, with the signing the first African-American MLB player of the modern era, Jackie Robinson.
December 10, 1965 (Friday)
- An all-white jury in Selma, Alabama acquitted three men of all criminal charges in their trial for the March 11 murder of a white minister from Boston, James Reeb.
- Kosmos 99 was launched by the Soviet Union, by a Vostok-2 rocket  from Site 31/6 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, marking the first time that either the Americans or the Russians had placed a satellite into orbit while another nation's manned mission was in orbit as well. At that time, American astronauts Borman and Lovell were on their sixth day in outer space.
- The London Borough of Croydon was granted its official heraldic arms.
December 11, 1965 (Saturday)
- A U.S. Air Force C-123 transport plane crashed with 81 South Vietnamese paratroopers and four American officers on board. There were no survivors, and the accident was not revealed until December 23, when a search and rescue mission located the wreckage.
- Thirteen people were burned to death and 22 others injured in a flash fire at a Chicago tavern, the Seeley Club, after a disgruntled patron torched the building while more than 100 people were inside. Earlier in the evening, Robert Lee Lassiter had pulled a knife during an argument with another patron, and left after being beaten up by bartender Edward Gaston. Less than an hour later, Lee walked back into the bar, poured a gallon of gasoline on the floor, and set it ablaze. On April 28, 1967, Lassiter would be sentenced to a term of at least 100 years for each of the murders.
- French biologist and new Nobel laureate Jacques Monod gave his Nobel lecture on the subject of bacteria in culture media containing two sugars.
- Died: Đuro Tiljak, 70, Croatian artist, writer and teacher
December 12, 1965 (Sunday)
- Houari Boumediene became Chairman of the Revolutionary Council of Algeria
- In a covert operation, the United States attacked the Sihanouk Trail in Laos, launching the first B-52 Stratofortress strike against the logistical system.
- The Gemini 6 mission was scrubbed after the countdown had reached zero and the ignition command was given. Only 1.2 seconds after the Titan 2 rocket engines were ignited, the ground control computer shut them back down. The fault was traced back to a cord that was plugged into the rocket and that would normally have remained in place until the rocket had risen a few inches off the ground; when the cord came loose early, the launchpad computer sent back a false signal that the rocket was already on its way up and the failure in the sequence led to the shutdown.
- Halvdan Koht, 92, Norwegian historian and former Foreign Minister of Norway
- W. Randolph Lovelace II, 57, American aerospace physician and NASA's Director of Space Meidcine, was killed in a small plane crash along with his wife and the plane's pilot. The twin-engine Beech Travelair had departed from Aspen, Colorado en route to the Lovelace's home in Albuquerque, New Mexico. After a three-day search, the wreckage of the plane was found in Pitkin County, Colorado, having flown into the side of Grizzly Peak, a 12,095 foot high mountain at an altitude of 11,000 feet.
December 13, 1965 (Monday)
- Saudi Arabia and Iran initialed an agreement defining their undersea boundaries for purposes of offshore continental shelf drilling, with the Saudi oil minister, Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamani, and Iranian Foreign Minister Abbas Aram, signing for their respective nations.
- By presidential decree, the rupiah baru (new rupiah) became the unified national currency of all of Indonesia.
- George Meany won re-election to his sixth term as President of the largest labor union in the United States, the AFL-CIO, with no opposition.
- Born: María Dolores de Cospedal, Defense Minister of Spain; in Madrid
- Martin De Haan, 74, American evangelist and founder of Our Daily Bread Ministries and the devotional monthly magazine Our Daily Bread
- Eslanda Goode Robeson, 69, American anthropologist and civil rights activist
- Carl Rohrbeck, 73, the first of nine patients to die mysteriously at the Riverdell Hospital in Oradell, New Jersey while under the care of Dr. Mario Jascalevich. Rohrbeck had been admitted to Riverdell the day before to undergo hernia surgery. Dr. Jascalevich would be indicted for murder in 1978, but would be acquitted by a jury.
December 14, 1965 (Tuesday)
- The United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland signed a landmark trade agreement after finding common ground in the early morning hours of negotiations between Ireland's Prime Minister Seán Lemass and Britain's Prime Minister Harold Wilson. Signing the treaty in London, the two nations agreed to remove nearly all trade barriers between them by 1975. Initially, Britain would abolish duties on almost all imports from Ireland by July 1, 1966, and Ireland would cut its duties on British imports by 10% each year, reducing them to 90% on the same July 1 date.
- CEMAC, the Communauté Économique et Monétaire de l'Afrique Centrale (Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa) was formed by the signing of an agreement by Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon, in a meeting at the Cameroonian capital, Yaounde.
- An American RB-57F Canberra spy plane with two crew members on board disappeared while flying over the Black Sea, after taking off from Incirlik Air Base in Turkey. At 1215Z (2:15 p.m. at the base), the plane, codenamed "BIG RIB 06", began to deviate from its reconnaissance route  and began to lose altitude. No Soviet fighters were in the area, and there were no mayday calls from the crew; it was speculated that the crew had lost consciousness at the 80,000 feet altitude and that the jet may have broken apart during the descent. Parts of the plane were found, but no trace of the crew was located, and the Soviet Union protested about the first American spy overflight since the U-2 incident on May 1, 1960; no further U.S. reconnaissance flights would be made from Turkey.
- A Soviet R-7A Semyorka missile was successfully launched from Plesetsk Cosmodrome in a test flight that marked the first R-7 launch from Plesetsk.
- The UK's Minister of Housing and Local Government, Richard Crossman, proposed a large single county borough of Tyneside, with a population of 900,000, and wrote to authorities asking for comments ahead of a public inquiry in March.
- The 3rd Southeast Asian Peninsular Games opened in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The original host country, Laos, had been forced to pull out.
- Seven months after it had acquired its first jet airplanes, Air New Zealand was introduced to the United States, with a DC-8 from Auckland making its first scheduled landing in Los Angeles.
- Died: Mack Lee Hill, 25, American pro football player for the Kansas City Chiefs, died of a pulmonary embolism after undergoing routine knee surgery in a Kansas City hospital. Two days earlier, Hill had torn a ligament in his right knee while playing against the Buffalo Bills, and his temperature soared while he was in the post-op recovery room. The shock of the sudden loss of the popular fullback (an AFL All-Star in 1964 and the team's second leading rusher) led to the Chiefs retiring his jersey number, 36.
December 15, 1965 (Wednesday)
- At least 10,000 and perhaps as many as 17,000 were killed in a single day in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) by a cyclone. Most of the victims were on the island of Maheshkhali in the Bay of Bengal, where the storm hit the coast at 12:15 in the morning, and a 12-foot high storm surge swept over its villages. Thousands of others were killed in the settlements in the Kaksbajar District (known at the time by its British Indian name of Cox's Bazar). More than 80 percent of the buildings on Maheshkali were destroyed, and its entire fishing fleet, along with those sailors who remained on or close to their boats, was destroyed; the island of Kutubdia lost several thousand people in three hours.
- Gemini 6 and Gemini 7 performed the first controlled rendezvous in Earth orbit. At 8:37 in the morning, the Gemini 6 rocket was launched from Cape Kennedy with Wally Schirra and Thomas P. Stafford on board, then gradually adjusted its course to match the orbital path of Gemini 7, which had been sent up 11 days earlier with Frank Borman and Jim Lovell. By 2:27 in the afternoon, the two craft were six feet apart from each other, their closest approach and remained at the same speed until Gemini 6 moved away at 7:05 in the evening. A later report said that the two spacecraft had come within one foot of each other at one time during their rendezvous. McDonnell Aircraft orbital mechanics engineer Marvin Czarnick wold later be given credit was the single most responsible for the successful calculations that led to the linkup.
- Sergei Korolev, the top scientist for the Soviet space program, presented a preliminary design for the Soyuz 7K-L1 spacecraft that could take the first Soviet cosmonaut to the Moon.
- The Caribbean Free Trade Association (CARIFTA) was formed by Antigua, Barbados and Guyana, in an agreement signed at Dickenson Bay, Antigua, which would go into effect on May 1, 1968.
- President Sekou Toure of Guinea announced that his nation had become the first in Africa to sever diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom, in that the UK had not acted against Rhodesia by the December 15 deadline set earlier by the OAU nations. Julius Nyerere of Tanzania would break ties with Britain later in the same day.
- Born: Ted Slampyak, American cartoonist who was the last artist for the comic strip Little Orphan Annie before its cancellation in 2010; in Philadelphia
December 16, 1965 (Thursday)
- Five more African nations (Ghana, Mauritania, Mali, the former French Congo, and Egypt) followed the lead of Guinea and Tanzania and broke diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom for not taking military action against Rhodesia.
- By a margin of only 292-291, British Prime Minister Wilson's Labour Party government defeated a motion by the Conservative Party to scrap plans to replace the UK's "militia of weekend soldiers" with a better-organized military reserve force.
- The cause of action that would lead to the landmark 1969 U.S. Supreme Court case of Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District began when 13-year old Mary Beth Tinker and 15-year old Chris Eckhardt wore black armbands to school to protest the Vietnam War. Two days earlier, the principals of Harding Junior High School and Roosevelt High School in Des Moines, Iowa, had warned the Tinker family that the children would be suspended if they wore and declined to the protest armbands, and the children remained out of school for the rest of the year. Ultimately, the Court would rule, 7–2, that the wearing of armbands was constitutionally protected under the First Amendment right of free speech, although it would hold that schools could censor speech if it would "materially and substantially interfere with the requirements of appropriate discipline in the operation of the school." 
- The experimental satellite Pioneer 6 was launched from Cape Kennedy to a geosynchronous orbit 346 miles above Africa, then launched from Earth orbit into an orbit around the Sun.
- The Gemini 6 capsule splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean at its target site and as scheduled at about 10:30 in the morning, and the ship and its crew of astronauts Schirra and Stafford was taken aboard the aircraft carrier USS Wasp.
- Sālote Tupou III, the 65-year old Queen of Tonga, died after a reign of 47 years over the British protectorate. Her son would be crowned King Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV and would rule for 38 years until his death in 2006; during his reign, Tonga would be granted independence from the United Kingdom in 1970.
- About thirty members and supporters of the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) were executed by soldiers of Kopassus, the Indonesian Special Forces. The massacre took place in the village of Kapal, located in the Bandung Regency on the island of Bali, and anti-Communist politicians from throughout the island were invited to watch.
- Indonesian general Abdul Haris Nasution was appointed to the Supreme Operations Command, gaining ascendance over the traditionally civilian-held portion of the country's military hierarchy.
December 17, 1965 (Friday)
- The British government began an oil embargo against Rhodesia. and would be followed by a ban on all exports (except for humanitarian aid, books and films) on January 30, 1966. The United States would join the oil embargo 11 days later, on December 28.
- Hugh Addonizio, the Mayor of Newark, New Jersey, foiled a gang of bank robbers after finding himself near the crime scene while being driven to a tree-planting ceremony. The Mayor happened to be around the corner from the bank when he heard the bulletin on the police radio in his car, and spotted four men scrambling out of the Robert Treat Savings and Loan and into the getaway car. Addonizio then used his limousine telephone to call the police, and ordered his chauffeur, Frank Dangerio, to give chase. After their car lost control and crashed into a lightpole, the robbers fired shots and the Mayor's car, narrowly missing Dangerio and the Mayor, and police nabbed two of the suspects.
December 18, 1965 (Saturday)
- The longest manned space flight in history up to that time, Gemini 7, was completed as Frank Borman and Jim Lovell splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean, after spending two weeks in orbit around the Earth. During their 330 1/2 hours in outer space, they made 206 trips around the world and traveled 5,155,138 miles (8,296,390 km). At 9:05 in the morning, the capsule landed 6.6 miles from its target site and, like Gemini 6 a couple of days earlier, was taken to the USS Wasp.
- For the first time since the beginning of the Vietnam War, the capital of South Vietnam came under an enemy mortar attack, as shells exploded in Saigon. One of the first rounds exploded inside the Kieu Tong Muo police precinct station, about four miles from the city center, although there were no casualties.
- The Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea, signed on June 22, entered into force on December 18, 1965.
- "The Possibility of Evil", a short story by the late Shirley Jackson, was published in the Saturday Evening Post. It would win the 1966 Edgar Allan Poe Award for best mystery short story.
- Born: John Moshoeu, South African soccer football player and midfielder for the South African National Team from 1993 to 2004; in Pietersburg (now Polokwane)
- Died: General Kodandera Subayya Thimayya, 59, Chief of Staff of the Indian Army, 1957–1961, and the Commander of the United Nations Peace Keeping Force in Cyprus
December 19, 1965 (Sunday)
- France's President Charles de Gaulle was re-elected in the runoff vote against Socialist Party rival François Mitterrand, who had finished in second place in the December 5 vote. On the second round, de Gaulle got 13,083,699 votes to Mitterand's 10,619,735. President de Gaulle would resign on April 28, 1969, less than halfway through his seven-year term.
- The Syria Regional Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party was dissolved, but would return to existence after the February 23 coup.
- Convicted criminal Ronald Ryan shot and killed prison officer George Hodson during an escape from Pentridge Prison, Victoria, Australia. Ryan would be hanged for the murder on February 3, 1967, becoming the last person to be legally executed in Australia.
- Nat Worthington became the first African-American to receive an athletic scholarship from a college in the Southeastern Conference, after signing an agreement to play for the University of Kentucky football team. Accompanying Worthington to the signing ceremony were Kentucky Governor Edward T. Breathitt, university president John W. Oswald, and UK football coach Charlie Bradshaw.
December 20, 1965 (Monday)
- The National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) presented its first grant to endow an American artistic institution, as U.S. Vice-President Hubert Humphrey handed a check for $100,000 to the American Ballet Theatre.
- The World Food Programme, originally established on November 24, 1961, was made a permanent agency of the United Nations.
- U.S. Narcotics Bureau agents made "largest single seizure of heroin ever made in the United States" when they raided the Columbus, Georgia home of a U.S. Army Chief Warrant Officer Herman Conder, who was found to have 209 pounds of heroin that he had smuggled from France after being transferred to Fort Benning from a base in Orleans.
- Nine children and three adults at an after-school music class were killed in a fire in Yonkers, New York. The victims were on the fourth floor of the Jewish Community Center when the blaze broke out in the center's auditorium during the third night of the Hanukkah religious festival, and died of smoke inhalation.
- The Dating Game, an American TV game show, made its debut, on the ABC network's 11:30 a.m. daytime schedule. Created by Chuck Barris and hosted by Jim Lange, the show's format presented "two girls with a choice of 'mystery' bachelors from whom to pick a date for a night on the town. Although introduced to the home audience, the three 'possibilities' are unseen by the lass in question, and are chosen — or eliminated — by a series of questions."  Along with the other new show that debuted that morning, Supermarket Sweep, were described the next day by UPI critic Rick Du Brow as "two new half-hour horrors which have such a greasy tone that one feels uncomfortably slippery merely by watching them"  and AP critic Cynthia Lowry called them a Christmas gift "about as welcome as a box of hand-painted souvenir neckties.".
December 21, 1965 (Tuesday)
- The United Nations General Assembly voted 106 to 0 to adopt the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and open it to signature. After the ratification by 27 nations of the Convention, it would come into effect on January 4, 1969.
- Yusuf Zuayyin resigned his job as Prime Minister of Syria after a group of military officers had attempted to overthrow the Syrian government. Two months later, he would be asked by the new President to again serve as premier.
- Regular helicopter service from midtown Manhattan to surrounding airports began as New York Airways carried passengers from the roof of the 59-story Pan Am Building, to John F. Kennedy International Airport. At 6:41 in the evening, the first Boeing V-107 helicopter flight took off from the Pan Am Building with 18 passengers, and arrived at the JFK airport only seven minutes later. Regular service, which cost $7.00 for a one-way flight, began the next day with 25 flights between the destinations. The unprofitable and extremely noisy service would be discontinued in 1968, then briefly revived in 1976 with quieter machines, and discontinued permanently after a fatal 1977 accident.
- A new, one-hour German-American production of The Nutcracker, with an international cast that included Edward Villella in the title role, made its U.S. TV debut. It would be repeated annually by CBS for three more years, then be virtually forgotten, until being issued on DVD in 2009 by Warner Archive.
December 22, 1965 (Wednesday)
- A 70 mph (110 km/h) speed limit was imposed on British roads. Reporter Stuart Bladon of the British automotive magazine Autocar would write later, "For motoring journalists accustomed to testing cars at high speeds and often cruising fast cars at 120mph when the motorway was clear, the news that there was to be a mandatory overall speed limit of 70mph was devastating. It was brought in by the Transport Minister, Hugh Fraser, a dour Scotsman with little experience or knowledge of cars and modern driving conditions. It would... run for four months as an 'experiment', but we all knew that once in force, it would never be lifted." 
- The Republic of Singapore Independence Act (RSIA) was passed by the new nation's Parliament, declaring Singapore to be a republic rather than a constitutional monarchy, and incorporating the former Singapore state constitution and relevant portions of the Malaysian Federal Constitution to serve as a "makeshift constitution"; on March 15, 1980, the Attorney General's office would issue an official reprint that would include amendments, and "For the first time since 1965, all the provisions of Singapore's Constitution could be found in one single composite document."  Yusof Ishak, who had ruled been the constitutional monarch for Singapore since 1959 as the Yang di-Pertuan Negara, became the first President of Singapore with the creation of the republic.
- The British House of Commons defeated a Conservative Party motion to lift the Labour government's embargo on exports to Rhodesia, 272–290. When 50 Conservative members then broke with leadership to make their own motion on a bill to end the oil embargo alone, the other 222 Tories present abstained, and that measure failed, 50–276.
- Three weeks after replacing the President and Prime Minister of Dahomey with provisional president Tahirou Congacou, General Christophe Soglo fired Congacou along with his new ministers, citing "their incapacity to lead the nation to better tomorrows", after President Concagou had been unable to form a new government.
- The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia released a 19,000 word document, admitting its responsibility for disastrous economic policies that had turned it from an efficient and prosperous industrial power into a nation where actual production fell far short of the goals set by the Party's central planning committee.
- David Lean's production of Doctor Zhivago, starring Omar Sharif and Julie Christie, was released.
- American aircraft attacked civilian industrial targets in North Vietnam for the first time.
December 23, 1965 (Thursday)
- Israel tested its first ballistic missile, the two-stage Jericho-1, built under contract with Marcel Dassault Aviation and planned for a range of 450 kilometres (280 mi), but the initial tryout was a failure. The first success would finally be achieved on March 16.
- Roy Jenkins became Home Secretary in the UK government, replacing Sir Frank Solstice, who became Lord Privy Seal.
- The government of Tanzania banned all British Royal Navy warships and personnel from the African nation, after a Royal Navy anti-submarine frigate arrived at Dar Es Salaam without notice.
- Born: Martin Kratt, American educational television host, in Warren Township, New Jersey
December 24, 1965 (Friday)
- The Vietnam War was ordered halted for 30 hours as both sides agreed to a ceasefire that went into effect at 6:00 in the evening local time. Fighting was scheduled to resume at 12:00 midnight as the Christmas Day holiday came to an end. The Viet Cong agreed to avoid warfare for at least 12 hours, starting at 7:00 in the evening. It would later be revealed that "neither side had ever ceased military activities except perhaps for a few hours Christmas Eve", and that the level of fighting "appeared to be about normal for periods between major operations". At least one U.S. Marine was killed on Christmas Day when his patrol came under fire during a patrol, and wounded men in his unit complained later that they had never expected the Communists to respect the truce. Operation Rolling Thunder halted even longer, as the United States halted all aerial bombing of North Vietnam in order to see if the NVA and the Viet Cong would reciprocate. For the next 37 days, American bombers were grounded, and would not resume operations until January 31, 1966.
- The Barwell meteorite scattered debris over the English village of Barwell in Leicestershire at about 4:15 in the afternoon. Based on the weight of the pieces recovered and the stony composition, the meteorite was estimated to have originally weighed 46 kilograms (101 lb) before it entered the atmosphere, and to have come from the asteroid belt. One fragment of the meteorite hit the hood of a moving car, another fell into an open window, and a third made a large hole in the driveway of a home.
December 25, 1965 (Saturday)
- Eight people at the French resort of Clermont-Ferrand were killed, and 20 others injured, when they celebrated the Christmas holiday with an aerial tramway ride to the summit of the Puy de Sancy mountain. Buffeted by high winds, the tramway car with 62 people inside collided with a protruding rock or with a support pylon as it approached the summit. The cabin was split open by the impact, hurtling 28 of the passengers down the side of the mountain, while 34 other people, including the doorman, were able to stay inside. Reportedly, the doorman was able to hold on to a child's ankle with one hand while steadying himself with the other until rescuers arrived.
- The Soviet Union published a decree in Soviet newspapers, announcing that it would cut the price of passenger automobiles by two-thirds for employees of collective farms. The decision applied to trucks, tractors, trailers and agricultural machinery as well. The price of the most common Soviet car, the five-passenger Volga sedan, was cut from $6,050 to $2,090 in a move that seemed to be the first step toward making passenger cars more available to everyone. In 1965, 55,000,000 Soviets lived and worked on collective farms.
- Heinz Schöneberger, 27, became the twelfth person to be shot during 1965 by border guards at the Berlin Wall after he and his brother Horst tried to smuggle two women out of East Germany in their car. Earlier in the day, guards at the checkpoint had fatally wounded a refugee who had tried to drive his automobile through a narrow opening in the Heinrich Heine Strasse border crossing ; the man ran 15 feet into West Berlin before collapsing and dying at a hospital, while his female companion was pulled from the car and arrested.
- The Yemeni Nasserite Unionist People's Organisation was founded in Taiz.
December 26, 1965 (Sunday)
- The Buffalo Bills won the American Football League championship, 23-0, over the host San Diego Chargers.
- Green Bay Packers placekicker Don Chandler took his team to the NFL championship game after making a 25-yard field goal to beat the Baltimore Colts, 13-10, in overtime to win the Western Conference pennant. Chandler's kick flew so high over the goalpost uprights (which were only 10 feet higher than the crossbar) that Baltimore fans doubted that he had actually scored; as a result, the uprights would be made 20 feet high before the next season.
- Died: Anna Orochko, 67, Soviet Russian stage and film actress, theatre director, and acting teacher
December 27, 1965 (Monday)
- Britain's first offshore oil platform, Sea Gem, collapsed in the North Sea, killing 13 people. The freighter Baltrover, one mile away, rescued 19 of the British Petroleumworkers as the rig gave way and toppled.
- In Sydney, defending champion Australia clinched tennis's Davis Cup for the 13th time in 20 years, defeating Spain in Game 3 of the best of 5 series. In the doubles competition, the team of John Newcombe and Tony Roche defeated José Luis Arilla and Manuel Santana in four sets, 6–3, 4–6, 7–5 and 6–2.
- Born: Salman Khan, Indian actor, producer, television presenter, and philanthropist, son of Salim Khan, in Indore
December 28, 1965 (Tuesday)
- Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Amintore Fanfani resigned from the cabinet of Aldo Moro, after Fanfani's wife had arranged for his friend Giorgio La Pira and to be interviewed by the editor of a right-wing magazine. At the time of Mrs. Fanfani's decision, the Foreign Minister had been attending a session of the United Nations in New York. To make matters worse, La Pira was quoted in the interview as saying that Prime Minister was "soft and sad", that U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk "knows nothing and understands little", and that Fanfani was the real number one man in Italian politics. Fanfani would be brought back as Foreign Minister two months later.
- The 900th anniversary of London's Westminster Abbey was celebrated as Queen Elizabeth II brought red roses to the famous London landmark where all British monarchs had been crowned. On December 28, 1065, the site was consecrated by order of Edward the Confessor, King of England, who had invited the chief prelates and nobles of his realm to attend; King Edward himself, however, became seriously ill before the ceremony was to take place, and died eight days after the ceremony.
- The largest number of immigrants from Eastern Europe since World War II arrived in Boston as 548 men, women and children from Poland arrived as passengers on the Polish ocean liner MS Batory. All had been permitted to leave by Poland's Communist government and had been cleared by the U.S. consul in Warsaw and by the U.S. State Department.
- Fuel rationing began in Rhodesia as the British oil embargo took effect. Motorists were restricted to no more than four gallons of motor fuel per week. On the same day, the United States announced that it would place an embargo on oil shipments as well. "Securing U.S. cooperation was an important achievement for Britain," a historian would later note, "as the British and American oil companies supplied over 90 percent of the Rhodesian oil market." 
- Donald L. Elbert, James M. Faria and Robert T. Wright filed a patent application for their invention, "ChemGrass", described as a "monofilament ribbon pile product", an improvement on decorative artificial grass-like turf that would be "useful both indoors and outdoors for a variety of recreational and sports activities" and that would be the first to "withstand permanent outdoor installation and the abusive wear caused by spiked or cleated shoes". U.S. Patent Number 3,332,828 was assigned to the Monsanto, which would market the new product under the tradename "AstroTurf".
December 29, 1965 (Wednesday)
- Joseph A. Califano Jr., President Johnson's chief adviser on domestic policy, met with the President for two hours at the LBJ Ranch in Texas to make his presentation, "The Great Society — A Second Year Legislative Program", presenting a wide variety of options for programs that would be feasible during the Johnson administration. Johnson chose from several proposals that he wanted to pass in 1966, discarded the rest, and made plans for his second-year program at the State of the Union message to Congress on January 12. Califano would later write of the meeting, "We were serving up plenty of butter to go with the guns... It was an extraordinary experience." 
- Filming of 2001: A Space Odyssey began at Pinewood Studios at Buckinghamshire near London, with the first scenes being at the "moon-base set", where six actors wore pressurized space suits to portray the excavation of the TMA-1 monolity on the Moon. Scenes with actors would continue for the next four and a half months, followed by 18 months of filming and editing 205 special effects shots (including those with spacecraft models), until the picture was finally ready for a 1968 release.
- The USS Glacier (AGB-4) icebreaker was assisted by the American ships Atka and Burton Island in pushing an iceberg out of the shipping lane off McMurdo Station.
December 30, 1965 (Thursday)
- Ferdinand Marcos was inaugurated as the sixth President of the Philippines since the creation of the Republic in 1946, and would continue to rule for more than 20 years. The ceremony took place at Luneta Park in Manila and was attended by 50,000 people, including U.S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey. Fernando Lopez was sworn in as Vice President, an office he had previously held from 1949 to 1953.
- President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia announced that Zambia and the United Kingdom had agreed on a deadline by which time the Rhodesian white government should be ousted.
- The Norwegian coastal tanker Singo collided with Belgian ship Fina Two and sank in the Scheldt River, with the loss of four crew.
- The accidental highway death of a gypsy child, near the city of Ponte Alta in Brazil's Santa Catarina state, led to an escalation of violence that ended with the massacre of 15 gypsies. The motorist in the accident was pulled from his car by the child's relatives, and beheaded. Hours later, the brother of the same motorist took revenge and drove a station wagon through the same neighborhood, killing 13 people as they slept in their tents, then shot and killed two others as they were fleeing the scene.
December 31, 1965 (Friday)
- Jean-Bédel Bokassa carried out the Saint-Sylvestre coup d'état in the Central African Republic. Bokassa and his men occupy the capital, Bangui, ousting President David Dacko and overpowering the gendarmerie and other resistance. President Dacko had left the presidential palace on New Year's Eve to visit president of BPC, the national bank. Shortly before midnight, Colonel Alexandre Banza ordered his men to carry out the takeover of the capital, which was accomplished by 12:00; Dacko was arrested on his way back to the city, and signed his resignation at 3:20 on the morning of January 1. Police chief Jean Izamo was captured and would later be killed.
- Rhodesia's primary supply of crude oil stopped flowing. The pipeline that connected its Feruka refinery to the storage tanks in the neighboring Portuguese East African colony of Mozambique (at the port of Beira) had 14,000 tonnes of oil (roughly 400,000 gallons), but with no additional oil at Beira's storage tanks, there was nothing to push the pipe contents through to Rhodesia. The Feruka refinery would run out of crude oil on January 15.
- Born: Nicholas Sparks, American novelist, screenwriter and producer, in Omaha, Nebraska
- "FLY IN FIRST 75 CUBANS— Hundreds of Thousands Will Follow", Chicago Tribune, December 2, 1965, p1
- "Wiki Maps". Nsesoftware.nl. Retrieved 2012-09-13.
- J. Samuel Walker, ACC Basketball: The Story of the Rivalries, Traditions, and Scandals of the First Two Decades of the Atlantic Coast Conference (University of North Carolina Press, 2011) p224
- "A-Carrier Launches Record Viet Attack", Chicago Tribune, December 2, 1965, p1
- Chester G. Hearn, Carriers in Combat: The Air War at Sea (Stackpole Books, 2007) p277
- "Send British Jets to Zambia— Wilson Tries to Head Off African Move", Chicago Tribune, December 3, 1965, p1
- "Zambia Chief Hints for U.S. and Russ Help", Chicago Tribune, December 4, 1965, p4
- Alois S. Mlambo, A History of Zimbabwe (Cambridge University Press, 2014) p183
- "African Bloc Gives Ultimatum to Britain", Chicago Tribune, December 4, 1965, p1
- Kenneth Womack, The Beatles Encyclopedia: Everything Fab Four (ABC-CLIO, 2016) p432
- Philippe Margotin, Jean-Michel Guesdon, All The Songs: The Story Behind Every Beatles Release (Hachette Books, 2014)
- "U.S. Alarmed by Buddhist Charge in Viet", Chicago Tribune, December 12, 1965, p1
- "76er Owner Richman, 52, Dies at Game", Chicago Tribune, December 4, 1965, p2-3
- phillyjewishsports.com. "phillyjewishsports.com". phillyjewishsports.com.
- "2 AIR LINERS CRASH IN SKY— One Plunges into Hillside in N.Y. State", Chicago Tribune, December 5, 1965, p1
- Joseph A. McCartin, Collision Course: Ronald Reagan, the Air Traffic Controllers, and the Strike that Changed America (Oxford University Press, 2011)
- "Gemini 7 Crew on 14-Day Ride in Spacecraft", Chicago Tribune, December 5, 1965, p1
- Joseph A. Angelo, Frontiers in Space: Human Spaceflight (Infobase Publishing, 2014) pp107-108
- "Kuwait", in Heads of States and Governments Since 1945, by Harris M. Lentz (Routledge, 2014) p493
- Hatim Al-Bisher, et al., Saudi Maritime Policy: Integrated Governance (Routledge, 2011)
- David G. Dodd and Diana Spaulding, The Grateful Dead Reader (Oxford University Press, 2000) p5
- "Veronin, Nick; Pulcrano, Dan (June 18, 2015). "Grateful Dead Debut at San Jose Acid Test". Metro Silicon Valley. San Jose: Metro. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
- "FORCE DE GAULLE RUNOFF! President's Total Short of Majority", Chicago Tribune, December 6, 1965, p1
- "France", in The International Almanac of Electoral History by Thomas T. Mackie and Richard Rose (Springer, 2016) p136
- Aryeh Neier, The International Human Rights Movement: A History (Princeton University Press, 2012)
- Michael Urban, et al., The Rebirth of Politics in Russia (Cambridge University Press, Mar 28, 1997) p41
- Martin Derry and Neil Robinson, Avro Lancaster 1945–1965: In British, Canadian and French Military Service (Pen and Sword, 2014) p51
- P.J. Capelotti, The Human Archaeology of Space: Lunar, Planetary and Interstellar Relics of Exploration (McFarland, 2010) p50
- "Soviet Moon Landing Fails; Luna Crashes", Fresno (CA) Bee, December 7, 1965, p3
- "The space age and the origin of space research", by Arturo Russo, in The Century of Space Science (Springer, 2012) p52
- Jean-Claude Pecker, Experimental Astronomy (Springer, 2012) p10
- "US Orbits Satellite For France", Fresno (CA) Bee, December 7, 1965, p3
- Kenneth S. Thomas and Harold J. McMann, U. S. Spacesuits (Springer, 2011) p75
- from the Vatican site Archived February 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Pope, Patriarch to Heal Breach— Excommunication Blasts of 1054 Regretted", Chicago Tribune, December 8, 1965, p3
- Herbert Bloch, Monte Cassino in the Middle Ages (Harvard University Press, 1988) p40
- Father Vivian Green, A New History of Christianity (A&C Black, 2000) p66
- "Vatican Council, Second", in A Concise Dictionary of Theology, by Gerald O’Collins and Edward G. Farrugia (Paulist Press, 2013)
- Christopher Bray, 1965: The Year Modern Britain was Born (Simon and Schuster, 2014)
- Farooq Bajwa, From Kutch to Tashkent: The Indo-Pakistan War of 1965 (Hurst Publishers, 2013) p330
- "India, Pakistan Leaders Will Meet Kosygin", Fresno (CA) Bee, December 9, 1965, p8-A
- Matthew Bunson, Catholic Almanac's Guide to the Church (Our Sunday Visitor, 2001)
- "Go in Peace, Pope Paul Says as He Ends Council", Chicago Tribune, December 9, 1965, p14
- "Foreign Workers in Rhodesia Face Ouster, Smith Warns", Chicago Tribune, December 9, 1965, p3
- S. P. Jagota, Maritime Boundary (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1985) p109
- Nasser Kalawoun, The Struggle For Lebanon: A Modern History of Lebanese-Egyptian Relations (I.B. Tauris, 2000) p118
- "250,000 Russ Denounce U.S. Viet Nam Role", Chicago Tribune, December 9, 1965, p1
- "Cactus Flower", in Historical Dictionary of Contemporary American Theater: 1930–2010, by James Fisher (Scarecrow Press, 2011) p129
- "Dutch Princess to Wed West German March 10", Chicago Tribune, December 9, 1965, p10
- "Russia Replaces President— Podgorny in, Mikoyan out in Reshuffle", Chicago Tribune, December 10, 1965, p1
- Trinity Tales: Trinity College Dublin in the Sixties edited by Sebastian Balfour, Laurie Howes, Michael De Larrabeiti and Anthony Weale. Lilliput Press,2009. (p. 265-66)
- "Charlie Brown and friends to be on TV", Port Angeles (WA) Evening News, December 9, 1965, p8
- "Comics Page's 'Peanuts' Earns Television Halo", by Rick Dubrow, UPI report in Simpson Leader Times (Kitanning PA), December 10, 1965, p17
- "Animated 'Peanuts' Loses Special Charm", by Cynthia Lowry, AP report in Newark (OH) Advocate, December 10, 1965, p16
- Susan Michaels, Sightings (Simon and Schuster, 1996) p113
- "Mystery Flash Sparks Fires", Syracuse (NY) Post-Standard, December 10, 1965, p1
- "Many See Dazzling Light Flash in Sky— Thousands in Michigan See Intense Flash", Ironwood (MI) Daily Globe, December 10, 1965, p1
- Kelly Milner Halls, Alien Investigation: Searching for the Truth about UFOs and Aliens (Millbrook Press, 2012) p32
- Dennis William Hauck, Haunted Places: The National Directory: Ghostly Abodes, Sacred Sites, UFO Landings, and Other Supernatural Locations (Penguin, 2002)
- "Astronomers Agree— Object in Sky a Large Meteor", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 11, 1965, p2
- "Search for Meteor Is Unsuccessful— Hunt In District Is Ended", Uniontown (PA) Evening Standard, December 10, 1965, p1
- "'Shooting Star' Shower To Reach Peak Dec. 13", Waco (TX) News-Tribune, December 9, 1965, p1
- Roger Moore, Bond On Bond: Reflections on 50 years of James Bond Movies Rowman & Littlefield, 2013) p129
- "Trio Charged With Killing Reeb Freed By All-White Jury", Appleton (WI) Post-Crescent, December 11, 1965, p1
- Wade, Mark. "Vostok 8A92". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
- Briggs, Geoffrey (1971). Civic and Corporate Heraldry: A Dictionary of Impersonal Arms of England, Wales and N. Ireland. London: Heraldry Today. p. 430. ISBN 0900455217.
- "Find Wrecked Plane, 85 Dead, in S. Viet Nam", Chicago Tribune, December 24, 1965, p2
- "SETS BAR ON FIRE; 13 DIE", Chicago Tribune, December 12, 1965, p1
- "Fire Slayer of 13 Is given 100—150 Years", Chicago Tribune, December 12, 1965, p1B-8
- From enzymatic adaptation to allosteric transitions, Jacques Monad, Nobel Lecture, December 11, 1965
- (French) Houari Boumediène biography, on website of the Presidency of the Republic of Algeria
- Van Staaveren, Jacob, Interdiction in Southern Laos, 1961–1968. Washington DC: Center of Air Force History, 1995, p. 133.
- "GEMINI 6 FAILS TO LIFT OFF— Booster Ignites, but Faulty Plug Cuts Off Power", Chicago Tribune, December 13, 1965, p1
- "Top Space Medic Lost in Plane", Chicago Tribune, December 14, 1965, p1
- "Find Lovelace Plane; Seek Missing Air Freighter", Chicago Tribune, December 16, 1965, p3
- Husain M. Albaharna, The Legal Status of the Arabian Gulf States: A Study of Their Treaty Relations and Their International Problems (Manchester University Press, 1968) p310
- "AFL-CIO Elects George Mean to 6th 2-Year Term", Chicago Tribune, December 14, 1965, p6
- "Riverdell Hospital murders", in The Encyclopedia of Unsolved Crimes, by Michael Newton (Infobase Publishing, 2009) p320
- "Irish, English Pact Reported", Chicago Tribune, December 14, 1965, p1
- "Irish, British Sign to Drop Trade Barrier— Order Abolition of All Tariffs by 1975", Chicago Tribune, December 15, 1965, p1D-4
- Michael J. Kennedy, Division and Consensus: The Politics of Cross-border Relations in Ireland, 1925–1969 (Institute of Public Administration, 2000) p256
- Global Forum on Transparency: Cameroon (OECD Publishing, 2015) p62
- Bill Grimes, The History of Big Safari (Archway Publishing, 2014) p68
- Larry Tart and Robert Keefe, The Price of Vigilance: Attacks on American Surveillance Flights (Ballantine Books, 2001)
- Christian Lardier and Stefan Barensky, The Soyuz Launch Vehicle: The Two Lives of an Engineering Triumph (Springer, 2013) p198
- "More Groups of Towns", The Times (London), December 15, 1965.
- "Minister wants all-purpose borough for Tyneside", The Times (London), December 15, 1965
- History of the SEA Games Archived January 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- R.E.G. Davies, Airlines of the Jet Age: A History (Smithsonian Institution, 2016)
- "Mack Hill, Fullback of Chiefs, Dies", Chicago Tribune, December 15, 1965, p3-1
- "10,000 Feared Dead In Pakistan Cyclone", St. Petersburg (FL) Times, December 17, 1965, p1
- "Cyclone, Tidal Wave Batter E. Pakistan; Fear 10,000 Dead", Chicago Tribune, December 17, 1965, p1
- Jay Robert Nash, Darkest Hours (Rowman & Littlefield, 1976) p163
- "SPACE SHIPS 6 Ft. APART; CRUISE TANDEM FOR 6 HOURS", Chicago Tribune, December 16, 1965, p1
- "Gemini 6 within Foot of 7", Chicago Tribune, December 25, 1965, p1
- "Story of Expert Who Made Space Linkup Feat Possible", Chicago Tribune, December 26, 1965, p1
- Rex D. Hall and David J. Shayler, Soyuz: A Universal Spacecraft (Springer, 2003) p20
- Richard Green, A Chronology of International Organizations (Routledge, 2004) p11
- "Guinea Chief Says He Cuts Tie to Britain— First to Act in Crisis Over Rhodesia", Chicago Tribune, December 16, 1965, p1D-1
- "Africa Slow to Cut Links with Britain— Guinea, Tanzania First to Move", Chicago Tribune, December 16, 1965, p3
- "7 Countries of Africa Cut British Ties", Chicago Tribune, December 17, 1965, p3
- "Laborites Win Commons Test by Single vote", Chicago Tribune, December 17, 1965, p5
- "Suspended for Wearing Arm Band to School", Carroll (IA) Daily Times Herald, December 17, 1965, p1
- Jamin B. Raskin, We the Students: Supreme Court Cases for and About Students (CQ Press, 2008) pp24-28
- "U.S. Pioneer 6 Fired in Orbit Around Sun", Chicago Tribune, December 17, 1965, p2
- "Schirra, Stafford Found Fit in Test on Ship", Chicago Tribune, December 17, 1965, p1
- "Tonga", in Heads of States and Governments Since 1945, by Harris M. Lentz (Routledge, 2014) p755
- John Roosa, Pretext for Mass Murder: The September 30th Movement and Suharto's Coup d'Etat in Indonesia (University of Wisconsin Press, 2006) pp29-30
- New York Times, December 16, 1965.
- "Economic Sanctions Do Work: Economic Statecraft and the Oil Embargo of Rhodesia", by David M. Rowe, in Power and the Purse: Economic Statecraft, Interdependence and National Security (Routledge, 2014) p269
- Margaret P. Doxey, International Sanctions in Contemporary Perspective (Springer, 1987) p37
- "British Put Embargo on Oil to Rhodesia", Chicago Tribune, December 18, 1965, p1
- "Mayor Joins Bandit Chase; Police Seize 2", Chicago Tribune, December 18, 1965, p3
- Hamish Lindsay, Tracking Apollo to the Moon (Springer, 2013) p118
- "Gemini 7 Lands Near Bull's-Eye After Orbiting Earth for 14 Days", Chicago Tribune, December 19, 1965, p1
- "FIRE MORTARS ON SAIGON— First Shells to Fall in Viet Nam Capital", Chicago Tribune, December 19, 1965, p1
- Jürgen Kleiner, Korea, a Century of Change (World Scientific, 2001) p142
- "Normalization of Relations with Japan: Toward a New Partnership", by Jung-Hoon Lee, The Park Chung Hee Era (Harvard University Press, 2013) p452
- Boucher, Anthony (1966-05-01). "Criminals At Large". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. p. 335. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- "ELECT DE GAULLE 2d TIME; 55% of Vote Affirms New 7-Year Term", Chicago Tribune, December 20, 1965, p1
- Philip Thody, The Fifth French Republic: Presidents, Politics and Personalities: A Study of French Political Culture (Routledge, 2002) p1
- Patrick Seale, Asad of Syria: The Struggle for the Middle East (University of California Press, 1990)
- "Neo-Ba'th", in Historical Dictionary of Syria, by David Commins and David W. Lesch (Scarecrow Press) p260
- The Mammoth Book of Prison Breaks, by Paul Simpson (Constable & Robinson, Ltd., 2013)
- Charles H. Martin, Benching Jim Crow: The Rise and Fall of the Color Line in Southern College Sports, 1890–1980 (University of Illinois Press, 2010) p299
- Fannie Taylor and Anthony L. Barresi, The Arts at a New Frontier: The National Endowment for the Arts (Springer, 2013) p84
- International Governmental Organizations: Constitutional Documents, Volume 2, Amos J. Peaslee and Dorothy Peaslee Xydis, eds. (Martinus Nijhoff, 1975) p93
- "Huge U.S. Heroin Seizure", Ottawa Journal, December 21, 1965, p10
- "Biggest Heroin Seizure In History Made In Georgia", Petersburg (VA) Progress-Index, December 21, 1965, p1
- "12 DIE IN FIRE AT CENTER— Blaze Traps 9 Children in Music Class", Chicago Tribune, December 21, 1965, p1
- "Dating Not Simple On New TV Show", Sandusky (OH) Register, December 18, 1965, p22
- "New Show Debuts Called 'Zenith of Bad Taste'", Monongahela (PA) Daily Republican, December 22, 1965, p8
- "'Supermarket Sweepstakes', 'Dating Game', New on TV", Lock Haven (PA) Express, December 22, 1965, p3
- Patrick Thornberry, Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights (Manchester University Press, 2002) p199
- Sven Bernhard Gareis, The United Nations: An Introduction (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) p161
- "Syria", in Heads of States and Governments Since 1945: A Worldwide Encyclopedia of Over 2,300 Leaders, 1945 through 1992, by Harris M. Lentz (Fitzroy Dearborn, 1995)
- "New York's New Heliport In Operation", Corpus Christi (TX) Times, December 22, 1965, p9
- "Heliport Opened Atop Skyscraper; Pan Am Building Terminal Starts Shuttles Today", New York Times, December 22, 1965, p26
- Klaus Lehnartz and Allan R. Talbot, New York in the Sixties (Courier Corporation, 2014) p117
- Stuart Bladon, No Speed Limit: Sixty Years of Road Testing Classic Cars (The History Press, 2015)
- Kevin Tan, Constitutional Law in Singapore (Kluwer Law International, 2011)
- Republic of Singapore Independence Act 1965 (No. 9 of 1965, 1985 Rev. Ed.) ("RSIA"), s. 6.
- "Commons Backs Wilson; Vote Splits Tories", Chicago Tribune, December 22, 1965, p1
- "Dahomey Army Takes Control in Coup d'Etat", Chicago Tribune, December 22, 1965, p3
- "Benin", in Heads of States and Governments Since 1945, by Harris M. Lentz (Routledge, 2014) p493 p86
- "Czech Reds Admit Economy Failure, Plan Drastic Change", Chicago Tribune, December 23, 1965, p1
- Nichols, CDR John B., and Barret Tillman, On Yankee Station: The Naval Air War Over Vietnam, Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute, 1987, ISBN 978-0-87021-559-9, p. 154.
- Collins, Laura The truth about my father's death, by David Dimbleby Mail Online – Femail, 7 June 2008, accessed 11 June 2008
- Dinshaw Mistry, Containing Missile Proliferation: Strategic Technology, Security Regimes, and International Cooperation in Arms Control (University of Washington Press, 2013) p111
- "British Navy Ships Banned by Tanzania", Chicago Tribune, December 25, 1965, p3
- "CHRISTMAS TRUCE BEGINS— GIs Keep Alert in Cease-Fire Over Vietnam", Chicago Tribune, December 24, 1965, p1
- "HOW TRUCE WAS VIOLATED— Orders Given for Resumption of Viet Action", Chicago Tribune, December 26, 1965, p1
- "U.S. Marines Bitter at 'Truce'", Chicago Tribune, December 27, 1965, p3
- Herbert Y. Schandler, America in Vietnam: The War That Couldn't Be Won (Rowman & Littlefield, 2009) p67
- Patrick Moore, The Observer’s Year: 366 Nights of the Universe (Springer, 2013) pp346-347
- "Cable Cabin Cracks Open; 8 Are Killed", Chicago Tribune, December 26, 1965, p1
- "Car Prices Cut Two-Thirds to Russ Farmers", Chicago Tribune, December 27, 1965, p2-4
- "Allies Protest Yule Shooting at Berlin Wall", Chicago Tribune, December 29, 1965, p3
- Berlin Memorial Wall. Accessed 2 February 2014
- "Berlin Reds Kill Refugee, Seize Woman", Chicago Tribune, December 27, 1965, p3
- "Buffalo Wins A.F.L. Crown", Chicago Tribune, December 27, 1965, p3-1
- "PACKERS WIN, 13–10, IN 'SUDDEN DEATH'— Chandler's 25-Yard Field Goal Beats Colts for Western Title", Chicago Tribune, December 27, 1965, p3-1
- Rob Reischel, 100 Things Packers Fans Should Know & Do Before They Die (Triumph Books, 2010) pp93-94
- Анна Алексеевна Орочко в энциклопедии «Кругосвет»
- 1965: Sea Gem oil rig collapses. BBC
- "Oil Rig Sinks into Sea— 19 Men Rescued; Four Dead, Nine Missing", Glasgow Herald, December 27, 1965, p1
- "Oil Rig Collapse Toll At 13; Nineteen Saved", UPI report in Kingsport (TN) News, December 29, 1965, p16
- "Aussie Doubles Victory Clinches Davis Cup", San Bernardino (CA) Daily Sun, December 28, 1965, pD-2
- "Italy Spurns Resignation of Fanfani— Wife's Meddling Stirs Crisis", December 29, 1965, p1
- "London Abbey 900 Years Old", Chicago Tribune, December 28, 1965, p1
- "Hail Christian Amity at Westminster", Chicago Tribune, December 29, 1965, p9
- "Liner Batory Brings in 548 from Poland", Chicago Tribune, December 29, 1965, p1A-3
- "Fuel Rationed", Chicago Tribune, December 28, 1965, p1
- "U.S. Bans Oil for Rhodesia", December 29, 1965, p1
- David M. Rowe, Manipulating the Market: Understanding Economic Sanctions, Institutional Change, and the Political Unity of White Rhodesia (University of Michigan Press, 2001) p143
- Google patents
- Guns or Butter : The Presidency of Lyndon Johnson (Oxford University Press, 1996) p320
- David Hughes, The Complete Kubrick (Random House, 2013)
- Daniel Eagan, America's Film Legacy: The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in the National Film Registry (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2009) p636
- "Philippines", in Heads of States and Governments Since 1945: A Worldwide Encyclopedia of Over 2,300 Leaders, 1945 through 1992, by Harris M. Lentz (Fitzroy Dearborn, 1995)
- Jose V. Fuentecilla, Fighting from a Distance: How Filipino Exiles Helped Topple a Dictator (University of Illinois Press, 2013) p27
- "Marcos Is 6th Philippine President", Lincoln (NE) Star, December 30, 1965, p2
- "Four Feared lost as Tanker Sinks". The Times (56517). London. 31 December 1956. col B, p. 10.
- "Revenge Fight in Brazil; 17 are Killed", Chicago Tribune, December 31, 1965, p3
- "Saint-Sylvestre Coup d'état", in Historical Dictionary of the Central African Republic, by Richard Bradshaw and Juan Fandos-Rius (Rowman & Littlefield, 2016) p557
- Brian Titley, Dark Age: The Political Odyssey of Emperor Bokassa (McGill-Queen's University Press, 1997) p27
- "Bangui Regime Overthrown in Military Coup", AP report in Danville (VA) Bee, January 1, 1966, p1
- "The Trouble with Carrots: Transaction Costs, Conflict Expectations and Economic Inducements", by Daniel W. Drezner, in Power and the Purse: Economic Statecraft, Interdependence, and National Security (Frank Cass & Co., 2000) p271