December 1974

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The following events occurred in December 1974:

December 1, 1974 (Sunday)[edit]

December 2, 1974 (Monday)[edit]

  • In Addis Ababa, the City Hall and to the Webi Shebeli Hotel are bombed, carried out (according to the international press) by Eritrean nationalists. The Derg (revolutionary council) use the bombings as a pretext for hardened repression against the notables of the negus’ regime.[1]

December 3, 1974 (Tuesday)[edit]

December 4, 1974 (Wednesday)[edit]

December 5, 1974 (Thursday)[edit]

  • In Argelato (Bologna), the brigadier of carabineri Andrea Lombardini, in a routine patrol, is murdered with gunfire by five terrorists, who were preparing a robbery on a security officer. The killers, quickly arrested, are members of Lavoro Illegale (“Illegal work”), a terrorist organization come out of Potere Operaio, under the inspiration of Toni Negri, and later merged into the Red brigades. One of them, Bruno Valli, four days later hang himself in jail. The month sees also, in Italy, a series of demonstrative attacks by the Red Brigades against industrial managers.[2]
  • Dead: Pietro Germi, 60, actor and director, author of many masterpieces of neo-realism and Italian comedy.

December 6, 1974 (Friday)[edit]

December 7, 1974 (Saturday)[edit]

  • In Arcore, the self-styled prince Luigi D’Angerio, leaving the Silvio Berlusconi’s villa, escapes luckily a kidnapping; probable organizer of the abduction is the Mafioso Vittorio Mangano, Berlusconi’s groom, arrested for fraud twenty days later. The episode, never fully explained, will arise, in the following decades, many suspects about the presumed links between the Milanese businessman and the organized crime.[3]

December 8, 1974 (Sunday)[edit]

  • In Greece, a referendum (Greek republic referendum, 1974) confirms the end of the monarchy and the republican form of the state, with the 69.4% of votes.
  • At the Sistina Theatre in Rome, debuts “Aggiungi un posto a tavola” (Add a seat at the table), a musical comedy by Garinei and Giovannini, music by Armando Trovajoli. The piece, a pleasant modern version of the Noah’s history, with Johnny Dorelli in the leading role of a witty country priest, gets an unheard-of success, staying on stage for a whole season, and becomes a classic of the Italian light theater.[4]

December 9, 1974 (Monday)[edit]

December 10, 1974 (Tuesday)[edit]

December 11, 1974 (Wednesday)[edit]

December 12, 1974 (Thursday)[edit]

December 13, 1974 (Friday)[edit]

  • Malta becomes a republic.
  • The American congress, unanimously, votes the Jackson-Vanik emendament, linking the execution of the commercial treaties with Soviet Union to a more liberal politic by Moscow about the Jewish emigration.
  • In London, the Worsley Hotel is destroyed by an arson (seven victims)

December 14, 1974 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The enquiry of the Padua procure about the “Compass Rose”, an extreme-right secret society planning a military coup, causes the arrest of the general Ugo Ricci, charged of conspiracy against the state. Two weeks later, (December 30), the Supreme Court of Cassation transfers the enquiry to Rome, with a decision much discussed and seen as a cover-up.
  • The Italian ministry of Cultural Heritage and Environment (today, Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism) is instituted by decree; its first holder is Giovanni Spadolini
  • .Dead:Walter Lippmann, 85, American journalist.

December 15, 1974 (Sunday)[edit]

  • In Nicaragua, constitution of the UDEL (Union Democratica de Liberacion, Democratic liberation Union), representing the moderate and non-violent wing of the opposition to the Somoza's regime.
  • Dead: Anatole Litvak, 72, American director by Ukrainian origin.

December 16, 1974 (Monday)[edit]

  • The army of Mali invades the French Upper Volta territory. The border conflict between the two countries will last till 1985.

December 17, 1974 (Tuesday)[edit]

December 18, 1974 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Bomb attack by Provisional Ira in Bristol

December 19, 1974 (Thursday)[edit]

December 20, 1974 (Friday)[edit]

  • In France, Veil law, legalizing the abortion, with the favorable vote of UDF and leftist parties and the blackball of UDR..

December 21, 1974 (Saturday)[edit]

December 22, 1974 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Referendum about the independence from France in the islands of Comore (95% of ay) and Mayotte (63% of nay)).
  • In Maturin, Venezuela, crash of the Avensa Flight 358 (73 victims)
  • Dead: Fosco Giachetti, 72, Italian actor, star of the fascist cinema.

December 23, 1974 (Monday)[edit]

December 24, 1974 (Tuesday)[edit]

December 25, 1974 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • In Vatican, Pope Paul VI inaugurates the 1975 Jubilee. In the course of the rite of the Holy Door's opening, some falling rubble verge on the pontiff.
  • Dead: Giacomo Devoto, 77, Italian linguist, author of a celebrate dictionary of Italian language.

December 26, 1974 (Thursday)[edit]

December 27, 1974 (Friday)[edit]

  • In Managua, a FSLN commando, headed by Eden Pastora, bursts into the house of Josè Maria Castillo, president of the Banco Central and takes hostage his guests (included two relatives of the dictator Somoza). Three days later, thanks to the Managua archbishop's intermediation, the hostages are released, in exchange of a million dollars and the freedom for some political prisoners. Castillo is the only victim of the action.[6]
  • In Llevin (France), a firedamp explosion kills 42 miners.
  • The Constitutional Court abolishes the articles of the penal code forbidding the strike for political reasons. The law, enacted by the Fascist regime, was by then almost no more applied, though formally in force.

December 28, 1974 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Dead: Giuseppe Dozza, 73, Italian Communist politician, popular mayor of Bologna.

December 29, 1974 (Sunday)[edit]

December 30, 1974 (Monday)[edit]

December 31, 1974 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Restrictions on holding private gold within the United States, implemented by Franklin Roosevelt in 1933, are removed

References[edit]

  1. ^ Attentati terroristici ad Addis Abeba. - Forse sono nazionalisti dell'Eritrea, La stampa, 4 December 1974.
  2. ^ Attentati in serie delle BR contro gli industriali,
  3. ^ Livio Abbate per l'Espresso 22 dicembre 2009
  4. ^ Aggiungi un posto a tavola
  5. ^ Ford ritiene probabile il collasso di un alleato, La stampa, 24 December 1974.
  6. ^ Il paese sotto la pelle