Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Crimea

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Crimea
Flag of Crimea.svg
Created March 11, 2014 (adopted)
Author(s) Supreme Council of Crimea and the Sevastopol City Council
Purpose

The Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Crimea was a joint resolution adopted on March 11, 2014 by the Russian-proclaimed Supreme Council of Crimea and the Sevastopol City Council where they expressed their intention to join Russia, in the event of a Yes vote in a referendum that was to be held on March 16.[1] The participants were at the time subnational divisions of Ukraine.[2]

Controversies[edit]

The international community widely condemned the Declaration of Independence. A major source of criticism was that the referendum's adoption came after the building of the Supreme Council of Crimea was seized by the Russian military prior to adoption. During that time, no journalists were allowed inside the building to witness the council seating on the referendum.[3] The Council seating on the referendum was not included the in Supreme Council's original schedule, which had no meetings originally scheduled for March 11, 2014. Deputies were forcefully brought to the building by Russian militants,[4] and there is no evidence that there was quorum,[5] which was a requirement for the seating to even occur. Further evidence of undemocratic tampering in the referendum was that the Sevastopol local election results recorded an impossible 123% support in favour of independence from Ukraine.[6]

Translated Copy[edit]

The document reads as follows:[7]

Declaration of Independence of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol:

We, the members of the parliament of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the Sevastopol City Council, with regard to the charter of the United Nations and a whole range of other international documents and taking into consideration the confirmation of the status of Kosovo by the United Nations International Court of Justice on July 22, 2010, which says that unilateral declaration of independence by a part of the country does not violate any international norms, make this decision jointly:[1]

1. If a decision to become part of Russia is made at the referendum of the March 16, 2014, Crimea including the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol will be announced an independent and sovereign state with a republican order.[8]

2. Republic of Crimea will be a democratic, laic and multinational state, with an obligation to maintain peace, international and intersectarian consent in its territory.[8]

3. If the referendum brings the respective results, Republic of Crimea as an independent and sovereign state will turn to the Russian Federation with the proposition to accept the Republic of Crimea on the basis of a respective interstate treaty into the Russian Federation as a new constituent entity of the Russian Federation.[8]

Declaration approved by the Resolution of the Supreme Council of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea at the extraordinary plenary session on March 11, 2014 (signed by the Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea Vladimir Konstantinov) and by the Decision of the Sevastopol City Council at the extraordinary plenary session on March 11, 2014 (signed by the Chairman of the Sevastopol city council Yury Doynikov).

International Condemnation[edit]

Russia had officially recognized the Republic of Crimea as an independent state[8][9] and agreed to incorporate the Republic into Russian Federation. However, the international community condemned the referendum as undemocratic and illegal.[10] On 27 March 2014, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the "Territorial Integrity of Ukraine" Resolution, which recognized the referendum as part of the illegal annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation.[11] One hundred nations, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Belgium, the Netherlands, and other democratic nations, voted in favour of the resolution. Fifty-eight abstained, and a further eleven voted against. The votes against included the Russian Federation, Venezuela, Armenia, and other nations with close economic and political ties to Russia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Crimea parliament declares independence from Ukraine ahead of referendum". RT. March 11, 2014. Retrieved March 11, 2014.
  2. ^ ДЕКЛАРАЦИЯ о независимости Автономной Республики Крым и города Севастополя (in Russian). Supreme Council of Crimea. March 11, 2014. Archived from the original on March 12, 2014. Retrieved March 11, 2014.
  3. ^ "Коментар МЗС України щодо проведення місцевого референдуму в Автономній Республіці Крим 16 березня ц.р." Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 15 March 2014.
  4. ^ "Роковини путінського аншлюсу Криму: Як це було". espreso.tv. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  5. ^ "Коментар МЗС України щодо проведення місцевого референдуму в Автономній Республіці Крим 16 березня ц.р." Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 15 March 2014.
  6. ^ "Роковини путінського аншлюсу Криму: Як це було". espreso.tv. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  7. ^ "Парламент Крыма принял Декларацию о независимости АРК и г. Севастополя". Press center of the Supreme Council of Autonomous Republic of Crimea. March 10, 2014. Archived from the original on March 13, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d "Statement by the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the adoption of the Declaration of Independence of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. 2014-03-11. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  9. ^ "Ukrainian prosecutors demand annulment of declaration of Crimea independence". ITAR-TASS. 2014-03-11. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  10. ^ "'Illegal' Crimean vote condemned". BBC News. 2014-03-06. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  11. ^ "General Assembly Adopts Resolution Calling upon States Not to Recognize Changes in Status of Crimea Region | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases". www.un.org. Retrieved 2018-01-16.