Decollate snail

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Rumina decollata
Rumina decollata 0106.JPG
A live individual of the decollate snail
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order: Stylommatophora
Suborder: Achatinina
Superfamily: Achatinoidea
Family: Achatinidae
Subfamily: Rumininae
Genus: Rumina
Species:
R. decollata
Binomial name
Rumina decollata
Synonyms
  • Bulimus bavouxi Coquand, 1862 (junior subjective synonym)
  • Bulimus decollatus Draparaud, 1805
  • Helix decollata Linnaeus, 1758
  • Orbitina incomparabilis (Germain, 1930)
  • Orbitina truncatella (Germain, 1930)
  • Rumina decollata var. maura Crosse, 1873
  • Stenogyra (Rumina) decollata (Linnaeus, 1758) (superseded combination)
  • Stenogyra bavouxi (Coquand, 1862) (junior subjective synonym)
  • Stenogyra decollata (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted combination)

The decollate snail, scientific name Rumina decollata, is a medium-sized predatory land snail, a species of terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Achatinidae.[2] It is a European species that has been introduced in a number of areas worldwide.

Taxa inquirenda[edit]

  • Rumina decollata var. dentata Pallary, 1922
  • Rumina decollata var. fusca Pallary, 1899
  • Rumina decollata var. striatula Pallary, 1920

Distribution[edit]

This species is native to the Mediterranean excluding south-east Mediterranean.[3]

It is introduced in Israel and in Egypt[4] since Roman times.[3] It has been introduced into North America, including Phoenix and Glendale, Arizona, and other areas Fresno, California as a biological control agent, in hopes of controlling populations of the brown garden snail.[5]

It is found in Great Britain, as a "hothouse alien"

Shell description[edit]

The shell of the decollate snail is long and roughly cone-shaped. It grows to approximately 40mm-45mm in length and a width of 14 mm,[6] and upon reaching mature size, grinds or chips off the end of its own shell by moving its body roughly against hard surfaces, so that the shell takes on a decollate shape, tapering to a blunt end.

Life habits[edit]

Front view of decollate snail from Austin, Texas
Lateral view of decollate snail

Sexual maturity occurs at approximately 10 months. An adult is capable of laying 500 eggs in its lifetime. The eggs are deposited singly in the soil and hatch within 10-45 days.[6]

Rumina decollata is a voracious predator, and will readily feed upon common garden snails and slugs and their eggs. The snail eats plant matter as well, but this generalist predator is indiscriminate in its feeding and has been implicated in the decimation of native gastropods (including non-pest species) and beneficial annelids.[6]

Decollate snails are tolerant of dry and cold conditions, during which they burrow deep into the soil. They are most active during the night and during rainfall.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Linnaeus C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. pp. [1-4], 1-824. Holmiae. (Salvius).
  2. ^ Bank, R. (2017). Classification of the Recent terrestrial Gastropoda of the World. Last update: July 16th, 2017.. World Register of Marine Species, Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b Mienis H. K. (2003). "A new colony of Rumina saharica discovered in Israel". Tentacle 11: 11-12.
  4. ^ Commonwealth of Australia. 2002 (April) Citrus Imports from the Arab Republic of Egypt. A Review Under Existing Import Conditions for Citrus from Israel Archived January 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia. Caption: Gastropods, page 12 and Appendix 2.
  5. ^ Wilen, Cheryl A.; Flint, Mary Louise. "Pests in Gardens and Landscapes: Snails and Slugs". Institute of Pest Management. University of California Dep. Agriculture and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  6. ^ a b c "Fact Sheet: Rumina decollata". idtools.org. Center for Plant Health Science and Technology (CPHST). Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  • Herbert, D.G. (2010). The introduced terrestrial Mollusca of South Africa. SANBI Biodiversity Series, 15: vi + 108 pp. Pretoria.

External links[edit]