Decree time

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Decree time (Russian: декретное время) refers to the changes introduced to the Soviet Union time system by a Sovnarkom decree of 16 June 1930. By this decree, all clocks in the Soviet Union were permanently shifted one hour ahead at 00:00 on 21 June 1930 everywhere in the Soviet Union.[1] Applicability of this decree was further extended by two other decrees in 1930[2] and 1931.[3][4] The practice was further extended, and its legal basis was amended, in 1980.[5]

It is independent from daylight saving time, which was introduced in the USSR much later, in 1981.[5] In fact, with both time shifts in effect, summer time was two hours ahead of standard time in the USSR.

From 1982 to 1986, decree time was gradually abolished by the Soviet government in 30 oblasts and autonomous Republics of the Russian SFSR. In the late 1980s, it was further abolished in the Baltic republics, Ukraine and Moldavia, followed by the entire territory of the Soviet Union in March 1991 (eight months before its dissolution).

On 23 October 1991, the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR ruled to restore decree time in Russia. It was restored on 19 January 1992 at 02:00, with the following exemptions:

Most of these exemptions are equivalent to abolition of decree time in corresponding territories. At present,[when?] all these federal subjects use the exemptions.

In 1992 decree time was restored in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and the former Central Asia republics as well.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Постановление СНК СССР от 16 июня 1930 года № 60 «О переводе часовой стрелки вперёд на один час»" (in Russian). istmat.info. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Постановление СНК СССР от 30 сентября 1930 года «О продлении действия постановления Совета народных комиссаров Союза ССР от 16 июня 1930 г. о переводе часовой стрелки вперед на один час»" (in Russian). istmat.info. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  3. ^ "Постановление СНК СССР от 9 февраля 1931 года № 107 «О счёте времени по международной системе часовых поясов»" (in Russian). istmat.info. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Постановление СНК СССР от 9 февраля 1931 года № 107 «О счёте времени по международной системе часовых поясов»" (in Russian). consultant.ru. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Постановление Совета Министров СССР от 24 октября 1980 г. № 925 «О порядке исчисления времени на территории СССР»" (in Russian). consultant.ru. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  6. ^ "Act of the Soviet of the Republic of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR no.1790-1 of 1991" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 26 August 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ "Act of the Government of the Russian Federation no. 23 of 1992" (in Russian).[permanent dead link]

See also[edit]