Decyl glucoside

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Decyl glucoside
The structure of decyl glucoside
IUPAC name
Decyl β-D-glucopyranoside
Preferred IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.055.863 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1/C16H32O6/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-21-16-15(20)14(19)13(18)12(11-17)22-16/h12-20H,2-11H2,1H3/t12-,13-,14+,15-,16-/m1/s1
  • O(CCCCCCCCCC)[C@@H]1O[C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O)CO
Molar mass 320.426 g·mol−1
Safety data sheet (SDS) MSDS
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Decyl glucoside is a mild non-ionic surfactant used in cosmetic formularies,[1] including baby shampoo and in products for individuals with a sensitive skin. Many natural personal care companies use this cleanser because it is plant-derived, biodegradable, and gentle for all hair types.

In 2017, the American Contact Dermatitis society named alkyl glucosides, a class of compounds including decyl, lauryl, cetearyl, and coco glucosides, the Allergen of the Year, with decyl glucoside named as "the most common one in the class of alkyl glucosides to cause allergic contact dermatitis."[2]


Decyl glucoside is produced by the reaction of glucose from corn starch with the fatty alcohol decanol, which is derived from coconut.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Fiume MM, Heldreth B, Bergfeld WF, Belsito DV, Hill RA, Klaassen CD, Liebler D, Marks JG Jr, Shank RC, Slaga TJ, Snyder PW, Andersen FA. Safety assessment of decyl glucoside and other alkyl glucosides as used in cosmetics. Int J Toxicol. 2013 Sep-Oct;32(5 Suppl):22S-48S. doi:10.1177/1091581813497764 PMID 24174472
  2. ^ Mowad, Christen Maria (2017-11-17). "2017 Top Stories in Dermatology: Allergen of the Year—Alkyl Glucoside". Dermatology.