Dededo

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Dededo

Dedidu
Flag of Dededo
Flag
Locator maps of Guam villages - Dededo.svg
Coordinates: 13°30′34.17″N 144°50′11.50″E / 13.5094917°N 144.8365278°E / 13.5094917; 144.8365278Coordinates: 13°30′34.17″N 144°50′11.50″E / 13.5094917°N 144.8365278°E / 13.5094917; 144.8365278
CountryUnited States
TerritoryGuam
Government
 • MayorMelissa B. Savares (D)
 • Vice MayorPeter J. Benavente (D)
Area
 • Total30 sq mi (79.16 km2)
Population
 (2010[2])
 • Total44,943[1]
 • Density1,498.1/sq mi (578.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC+10:00 (ChST)

Dededo (Chamorro: Dedidu; formerly in Spanish: [deðeðo], in Japanese: デデド, Dededo) is the most populated village in the United States territory of Guam.[3][4] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Dededo's population was just under 45,000 in 2010. The village is located on the coral plateau of Northern Guam. The greater Dededo-Machanao-Apotgan Urban Cluster had a population of 139,825 as of the 2010 census,[1] and comprises 87.7% of Guam's population.

Etymology[edit]

The origin of the village name Dededo, Dedidu in Chamorro, may come from the practice of measuring using fingers. The Spanish word for finger is dedo. It can be theorized that someone measured out the original village this way. Another possibility is that the word "dededo" is a version of the word "dedeggo," which means "heel of the foot," or that it comes from the word "deggo" which means to "walk on tiptoes."[5]

History[edit]

Micronesia Mall, Guam's largest shopping mall

Before World War II, Dededo Village was at the bottom of Macheche Hill. Dededo grew into a major village after the war when the U.S. Navy constructed housing for displaced Guamanians and for laborers coming from off-island to help in Guam's development.[citation needed]

Following Typhoon Karen in 1962, Kaiser Subdivision in Dededo was constructed for islanders displaced by the storm. Further housing subdivisions were constructed increasing the village's population.

In 1984, the Northern Community Health Center opened. In addition to traditional health services provided by the village clinics, this center offered communicable disease control services and dental health as well as chronic disease care and crippled children services.[6]

In October 1988, the island's first large-scale and fully enclosed shopping mall, the Micronesia Mall, opened.[7]

U.S. military installations in the village include Marine Corps Base Camp Blaz, Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station Guam, and portions of Andersen Air Force Base, including Northwest Field.

Demographics[edit]

The U.S. Census Bureau has the municipality in multiple census-designated places: Dededo,[8] Astumbo,[9] Finegayan Station,[10] Liguan,[11] Machanao,[12] Machananao East,[13] Machananao West,[14] Macheche,[15] Mogfog,[16] Ukudu,[17] Wusstig,[18] Y Papao,[19] and Y Sengsong.[20]

Economy[edit]

Micronesia Mall is the largest shopping mall in Guam and serves as a cultural and recreational venue as well, with movie theaters and an amusement park.[21]

There is also a popular weekend flea market in town which attracts large crowds of vendors.[22]

Geography[edit]

Dededo is situated on a relatively flat limestone plateau in the northern part of the island.[23] It is located at the north central part of the island roughly at the center of population. It encompasses an area of about 30 square miles (78 km2) of Guam's 209 square miles (540 km2). The headquarters for the Guam National Wildlife Refuge are in Dededo.[24]

Tourist sites in Dededo include the Ritidian Unit of the Guam National Wildlife Refuge,[citation needed] the Micronesia Mall, Two Lovers Point, as well as parks, trails, and beaches. Beaches include Tanguisson Beach, Shark Cove Beach, Haputo Beach, and Urono Beach. Haputo and Urono Beaches are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.[25] The South Finegayan Latte Stone Park is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Dededo, Guam
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 82
(28)
82
(28)
84
(29)
86
(30)
86
(30)
86
(30)
86
(30)
86
(30)
86
(30)
86
(30)
84
(29)
84
(29)
85
(29)
Average low °F (°C) 69
(21)
69
(21)
71
(22)
71
(22)
73
(23)
71
(22)
71
(22)
71
(22)
71
(22)
71
(22)
73
(23)
71
(22)
71
(22)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.7
(140)
4.8
(120)
3.8
(97)
4.0
(100)
5.2
(130)
6.4
(160)
11.1
(280)
15.3
(390)
14.3
(360)
13.0
(330)
9.4
(240)
6.5
(170)
99.6
(2,530)
Source: Weatherbase[26]

Education[edit]

Dededo has several public and private schools to accommodate the growing number of residents of the island's most populous village including Guam Department of Education institutions. The village is served by six elementary schools, two middle schools, and one high school.

  • Astumbo Elementary School
  • Finegayan Elementary School
  • Juan M. Guerrero Elementary School
  • Maria A. Ulloa Elementary School
  • Wettengel Elementary School
  • Liguan Elementary School
  • Vicente S. A. Benavente Middle School
  • Astumbo Middle School
  • Okkodo High School
  • Santa Barbara Catholic School
  • St. Paul's Christian School
  • Pacific Christian Academy

Government[edit]

Commissioner of Dededo
Name Term begin Term end
Jose F. Lujan 1932 1934
Ignacio A. Santos 1934 1940
Juan Pangelinan 1940 1941
Hector Sgambelluri 1941 1944
Ramon S. San Agustin 1944 1952
Vicente S.A. Benavente 1952 1976
Prospero C. Zamora 1976 January 3, 1977
Mayor of Dededo
Name Party Term begin Term end
Jose M. Garrido Republican January 3, 1977 January 5, 1981
Martin C. Benavente Democratic January 5, 1981 January 7, 1985
Patricia S. Quinata January 7, 1985 January 2, 1989
Jose A. Rivera Republican January 2, 1989 January 1, 2001
Scott D. Duenas January 1, 2001 January 3, 2005
Melissa B. Savares Democratic January 3, 2005 present
Assistant Commissioner of Dededo
Name Term begin Term end
Ignacio A. Santos 1918 1934
Manuel M. Lujan 1934 1941
Teresita B. Umagat 1971 1973
Prospero C. Zamora 1973 January 3, 1977
Vice Mayor of Dededo
Name Party Term begin Term end
Erwin F. Flauta Democratic January 3, 1977 1978
Martin C. Benavente 1978 January 5, 1981
Patricia S. Quinata January 5, 1981 January 7, 1985
Jose A. Rivera Republican January 7, 1985 January 2, 1989
Doris S. Palacios January 2, 1989 January 1, 2001
Melissa B. Savares Democratic January 1, 2001 January 3, 2005
Andrew A. Benavente January 3, 2005 January 2, 2017
Frank A. Benavente Republican January 2, 2017 January 4, 2021
Peter J.S. Benavente Democratic January 4, 2021 present

Sports[edit]

Wettengel Rugby Field and GFA National Training Center are located in Dededo. Guam Track and Field Association is also located in the village.

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "A national 2010 urban area file containing a list of all urbanized areas and urban clusters (including Puerto Rico and the Island Areas) sorted by UACE code".
  2. ^ "2010 Guam Statistical Yearbook" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 23, 2014.
  3. ^ "Guam Population slightly up, latest census says". Marianas Variety. July 12, 2012. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  4. ^ Adams, Evan (2016). Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition. CreateSpace Independent Publishing. Pages 70 and 152. ISBN 9781533672735.
  5. ^ "» Dededo (Dededu)". www.guampedia.com.
  6. ^ Adams, Evan (2016). Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition. CreateSpace Independent Publishing. Page 152. ISBN 9781533672735.
  7. ^ Rogers, Robert F. (1995). Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam. University of Hawaii Press. Page 286. ISBN 9780824816780.
  8. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Dededo CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09. - See "Dededo muny"
  9. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Astumbo CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09. - See "Dededo muny"
  10. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Finegayan Station CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09. - Pages 1, 2, 3, and 4 - See "Dededo muny"
  11. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Liguan CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09. - See "Dededo muny"
  12. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Machanao CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  13. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Machananao East CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  14. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Machananao West CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  15. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Macheche CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  16. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Mogfog CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  17. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Ukudu CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  18. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Wusstig CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  19. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Y Papao CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  20. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Y Sengsong CDP, GU" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  21. ^ Adams, Evan (2016). Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition. CreateSpace Independent Publishing. Page 24. ISBN 9781533672735.
  22. ^ Adams, Evan (2016). Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition. CreateSpace Independent Publishing. Page 70. ISBN 9781533672735.
  23. ^ Adams, Evan (2016). Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition. CreateSpace Independent Publishing. Page 70. ISBN 9781533672735.
  24. ^ "Welcome to Guam National Wildlife Refuge". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. May 3, 2010. Retrieved February 21, 2012. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  25. ^ Adams, Evan (2016). Guam History, Culture, Travel guide and Tourism: The origin of the Chamorro race, American Settlement, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition. CreateSpace Independent Publishing. Page 70. ISBN 9781533672735.
  26. ^ "Historical Weather for Dededo, Guam". Weatherbase. November 2011. Retrieved November 24, 2011.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]