Deemed university, or deemed-to-be-university, is an accreditation awarded to higher educational institutions in India, conferring the status of a university. It is granted by the Department of Higher Education. To quote the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), "An Institution of Higher Education, other than universities, working at a very high standard in specific area of study, can be declared by the Central Government on the advice of the University Grants Commission (UGC), as an Institution 'Deemed-to-be-university'. Institutions that are 'deemed-to-be-university' enjoy the academic status and privileges of a university."
Deemed university status
The higher education system in India includes both private and public universities. Public universities are supported by the Government of India and the state governments, while private universities are mostly supported by various bodies and societies. Universities in India are recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956. In addition, 15 Professional Councils are established, controlling different aspects of accreditation and coordination. The status of a deemed university allows full autonomy in courses, syllabus, admissions and fees. The UGC list dated 23 June 2008 lists 130 deemed universities. Note that although the list is dated 23 June 2008, the latest addition to the list, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, was made on 24 June 2009. According to this list, the first institute to be granted deemed university status was Indian Institute of Science which was granted this status on 12 May 1958, recently the oldest in Asia and one of the most active research institution Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science established in 1876 was granted deemed-to-be-university status under de-novo category on 2 June 2018. There are deemed universities in 18 of the 29 states of India and three of the union territories. The state with the most universities is Tamil Nadu with 28 deemed universities. As of 31 December 2015, there are 125 deemed to be universities in India.
Other types of universities under the regulatory purview of the UGC include:
- Central universities, or Union universities are established by Act of Parliament and are under the purview of the Department of Higher Education.
- State universities are run by the state government of each of the states and territories of India, and are usually established by a local legislative assembly act.
- Institute under State Legislature Act is an Institution established or incorporated by a State Legislature Act, in India. Institutes that are ‘under State Legislature Act’ enjoy academic status and privileges of state universities.
- Private universities are approved by the UGC. They can grant degrees but they are not allowed to have off-campus affiliated colleges.
- "UGC Act-1956" (PDF). Ministry of Human Resource Development. Secretary, University Grants Commission. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- "Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IISST) Thiruvanathapuram Declared as Deemed to be University". Union Human Resource Development Ministry, Press Information Bureau. 14 July 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
- "Deemed University". Ministry of Human Resource Development. MHRD.
- "University Grants Commission Act, 1956" (PDF). Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Retrieved 3 September 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "::: Professional Councils-Inside H E – University Grants Commission :::". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. Archived from the original on 6 January 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- "What is a Deemed University?". ndtv.com. NDTV. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- ":::Deemed University – University Grants Commission :::". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. 23 June 2008. Archived from the original on 29 November 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- Subhankar Chowdhury (3 June 2018). "Tag boost for research hub". The Telegraph India. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- "Central Universities". mhrd.gov.in. Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
- "List of State Universities" (PDF). University Grants Commission. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- ":::Private Universities – University Grants Commission :::". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. 10 February 2012. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012.