Deemed university

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A deemed university or deemed-to-be-university is an accreditation granted to higher educational institutions in India by the Ministry of Education.[1][2] According to the ministry's definition, the accreditation indicates, "an Institution of higher education, other than universities, working at a very high standard in specific area of study" and the accreditation grants "the academic status and privileges of a university."[3]

Deemed university status[edit]

The higher education system in India includes both private and public universities. Public universities are supported by the Government of India and the state governments, while private universities are mostly supported by various bodies and societies. Universities in India are recognized by the University Grants Commission , which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.[4] In addition to this, 15 Professional Councils are established, controlling different aspects of accreditation and coordination.[5] The status of a deemed to be university allows full autonomy in courses, syllabus, admissions and fees.[6] As of 30 November 2021, the UGC lists 126 institutes which were granted the deemed to be university status.[7] According to this list, the first institute to be granted deemed university status was Indian Institute of Science which was granted this status on 12 May 1958. The state with the most deemed universities is Tamil Nadu with 28 universities having deemed status.[7]

Section 12 (B) of the UGC Act of 1956 also grants the UGC the right to "allocate and disburse, out of the Fund of the Commission, grants to Universities..."[4] As such, the UGC categorizes institutes as either "declared fit to receive Central/UGC assistance under Section 12 (B) of the UGC Act–1956", or not, and notes this status at the lists published. Updates to these declarations are done in meetings of the UGC and published in the minutes.[8] The latest list, published by the UGC on 24 August 2022, lists 50 institutes as fit to receive Central/UGC assistance.[9]

Other types[edit]

Other types of universities under the regulatory purview of the UGC include:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "UGC Act-1956" (PDF). Ministry of Education. Secretary, University Grants Commission. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IISST) Thiruvananthapuram Declared as Deemed to be University". Union Human Resource Development Ministry, Press Information Bureau. 14 July 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  3. ^ "Deemed University". Ministry of Human Resource Development. MHRD.
  4. ^ a b "University Grants Commission Act, 1956" (PDF). Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Retrieved 3 September 2011.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "::: Professional Councils-Inside H E – University Grants Commission :::". University Grants Commission. Archived from the original on 6 January 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
  6. ^ "What is a Deemed University?". NDTV. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  7. ^ a b "List of Institutions Which Have Been Declared as Deemed To Be Universities as On 30 November 2021" (PDF). University Grants Commission. 30 November 2021. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2022. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  8. ^ "Decision by the Commission". University Grants Commission. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  9. ^ "List of lnstitutions Deemed to be Universities included under Section 12(B) of the UGC Act, 1956 (as on 24.08.2022)" (PDF). University Grants Commission. 24 August 2022. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  10. ^ "Central Universities". Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  11. ^ "List of State Universities" (PDF). University Grants Commission. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
  12. ^ "Department of Higher Education | Government of India, Ministry of Education".
  13. ^ ":::Private Universities – University Grants Commission :::". University Grants Commission. 10 February 2012. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012.